Afro-Peruvian Spanish

Spanish slavery and the legacy of Spanish Creoles

ORCID logoSandro Sessarego | University of Texas, Austin
ISBN 9789027252753 | EUR 95.00 | USD 143.00
e-Book Open Access
ISBN 9789027267764
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The present work not only contributes to shedding light on the linguistic and socio-historical origins of Afro-Peruvian Spanish, it also helps clarify the controversial puzzle concerning the genesis of Spanish creoles in the Americas in a broader sense. In order to provide a more concrete answer to the questions raised by McWhorter’s book on The Missing Spanish Creoles, the current study has focused on an aspect of the European colonial enterprise in the Americas that has never been closely analyzed in relation to the evolution of Afro-European contact varieties, the legal regulations of black slavery. This book proposes the 'Legal Hypothesis of Creole Genesis', which ascribes a prime importance in the development of Afro-European languages in the Americas to the historical evolution of slavery, from the legal rules contained in the Roman Corpus Juris Civilis to the codes and regulations implemented in the different European colonies overseas. This research was carried out with the belief that creole studies will benefit greatly from a more interdisciplinary approach, capable of combining linguistic, socio-historical, legal, and anthropological insights. This study is meant to represent an eclectic step in such a direction.

As of February 2020, this e-book is Open Access CC BY-NC-ND, thanks to the support of libraries working with Knowledge Unlatched.

[Creole Language Library, 51] 2015.  xvi, 184 pp.
Publishing status: Available

For any use beyond this license, please contact the publisher at [email protected].

Table of Contents
“This piece of work includes one of the few available studies of Afro-Peruvian Spanish varieties. Its distinguishing attribute is that it provides both qualitative and quantitative analyses of linguistic data, collected during fieldwork in the province of Chincha, as well as a thorough socio-historical study based on secondary historical sources. The detailed demographical and historical facts presented are used to challenge earlier assumptions about colonial coastal Peru as an ideal setting for the development of a creole language that would be the origin of Afro-Hispanic varieties. Instead of assuming that Afro-Peruvian Spanish has gone through a process of decreolization, the author argues that it is an “advanced conventionalized second language”. Moreover, the analysis provides relevant information to shed light on the debate about the scarcity of Spanish related creoles and on the genesis and evolution of Afro-Hispanic varieties in Latin America. The author claims that the socio-historical conditions in Spanish colonies diverged from other European powers since Spaniards did not trade enslaved Africans themselves and had a quite different set of legal regulations of slavery.”
“Sessarego’s work offers an important contribution to the documentation and description of the Afro-Hispanic varieties and can be recommended to students and expert scholars alike. It is especially strong in the inclusion of socio-historical information in the explanations of the formation and development of these varieties. The case of Afro-Peruvian Spanish also has a wider theoretical importance, as it demonstrates the value of an interdisciplinary approach to creole studies. Sessarego puts this into practice in his own work. The author also shows that a new socio-historical hypothesis or explanation does not necessarily have to exclude previous proposals, but can contribute to a common cause of trying to unravel the questions about the origins and development of creoles.”
Cited by

Cited by 37 other publications

Arias-Quintero, Irene, Rafael Jiménez-Baralt, Piero Visconte & Sandro Sessarego
2023. El español del Chocó: una lengua afro-hispánica en la frontera española. Forma y Función 36:1 DOI logo
Avelino Sierra, Rosnátaly
Wendy Ayres-Bennett & John Bellamy
2021. The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization, DOI logo
Butera, Brianna, Sandro Sessarego & Rajiv Rao
2020. Afro-Peruvian Spanish declarative intonation. In Hispanic Linguistics [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 26],  pp. 230 ff. DOI logo
Drinka, Bridget & Whitney Chappell
2021. New perspectives on Spanish socio-historical linguistics. In Spanish Socio-Historical Linguistics [Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, 12],  pp. 2 ff. DOI logo
Díaz-Campos, Manuel, Juan M. Escalona Torres & Valentyna Filimonova
2020. Sociolinguistics of the Spanish-Speaking World. Annual Review of Linguistics 6:1  pp. 363 ff. DOI logo
Fenton, Elyssa, Amy Bustin & Antje Muntendam
2020. The intonation of broad focus declaratives in Afro-Peruvian Spanish: Findings from two elicitation tasks. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 13:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Hickey, Raymond
2021. Transnational Standards of Languages. In The Cambridge Handbook of Language Standardization,  pp. 519 ff. DOI logo
Jimenez Lizama, Pamela
2017. El castellano afroperuano: actitudes lingüísticas de los afroperuanos de El Carmen. Lengua y Sociedad 16:2  pp. 91 ff. DOI logo
Jiménez Lizama, Pamela
Jourdan, Christine
2021. Pidgins and Creoles: Debates and Issues. Annual Review of Anthropology 50:1  pp. 363 ff. DOI logo
Korfhagen, David, Rajiv Rao & Sandro Sessarego
2021. Chapter 7. Declarative intonation in four Afro-Hispanic varieties. In Aspects of Latin American Spanish Dialectology [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 32],  pp. 155 ff. DOI logo
Lease, Sarah
2023. A usage-based account of paragogic /e/ in 20th century New Mexican Spanish. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 16:2  pp. 473 ff. DOI logo
Morales-Front, Alfonso, Michael J. Ferreira, Ronald P. Leow & Cristina Sanz
2020. Introduction. In Hispanic Linguistics [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 26],  pp. 2 ff. DOI logo
Ortiz López, Luis A., Rosa E. Guzzardo Tamargo & Melvin González-Rivera
2020. Hispanic contact linguistics. In Hispanic Contact Linguistics [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 22],  pp. 2 ff. DOI logo
Danae Perez, Marianne Hundt, Johannes Kabatek & Daniel Schreier
2021. English and Spanish, DOI logo
Perez, Danae, Sandro Sessarego & Eeva M. Sippola
2017. Chapter 12. Afro-Hispanic varieties in comparison. In Creole Studies – Phylogenetic Approaches,  pp. 269 ff. DOI logo
Perez, Danae M.
2021. Contact Scenarios and Varieties of Spanish beyond Europe. In English and Spanish,  pp. 115 ff. DOI logo
Rao, Rajiv & Sandro Sessarego
2018. The intonation of Chota Valley Spanish: Contact-induced phenomena at the discourse-phonology interface. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics 11:1  pp. 163 ff. DOI logo
Raynor, Eliot
2022. Sandro Sessarego: Language contact and the making of an Afro-Hispanic vernacular: Variation and change in the Colombian Chocó. Journal of Historical Sociolinguistics 8:1  pp. 179 ff. DOI logo
Schwegler, Armin
2016. Combining population genetics (DNA) with historical linguistics. In Spanish Language and Sociolinguistic Analysis [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 8],  pp. 33 ff. DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2017. Chocó Spanish and the Missing Spanish Creole debate. Language Ecology 1:2  pp. 213 ff. DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
Sessarego, Sandro
2018. Enhancing dialogue in the field. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 33:1  pp. 197 ff. DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2019. Language Contact and the Making of an Afro-Hispanic Vernacular, DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2020. Casting light on the Spanish creole debate. In Hispanic Linguistics [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 26],  pp. 328 ff. DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
2020. Chapter 2. Chocó Spanish. In Hispanic Contact Linguistics [Issues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 22],  pp. 44 ff. DOI logo
Sessarego, Sandro
Sessarego, Sandro, Juan J. Colomina-Almiñana & Adrián Rodríguez-Riccelli
Sessarego, Sandro & Javier Gutiérrez-Rexach
2018. Chapter 4. Afro-Hispanic contact varieties at the syntax/pragmatics interface. In Language Variation and Contact-Induced Change [Current Issues in Linguistic Theory, 340],  pp. 85 ff. DOI logo
Thomas, Jenelle
2023. Repeated, imagined, hearsay. Journal of Historical Pragmatics 24:2  pp. 302 ff. DOI logo
Torres Sanchez, Nadiezdha
2022. La gestión de la concordancia de género gramatical en el español de bilingües purépecha y español. Borealis – An International Journal of Hispanic Linguistics 11:1  pp. 51 ff. DOI logo
Walkden, George, Gemma Hunter McCarley, Raquel Montero, Molly Rolf, Sarah Einhaus & Henri Kauhanen
2023. Sociolinguistic Typology Meets Historical Corpus Linguistics. Transactions of the Philological Society 121:3  pp. 546 ff. DOI logo
H. Ekkehard Wolff
2019. A History of African Linguistics, DOI logo
H. Ekkehard Wolff
2019. The Cambridge Handbook of African Linguistics, DOI logo
[no author supplied]
2016. Publications Received. Language in Society 45:3  pp. 471 ff. DOI logo
[no author supplied]
2022. A bifurcation threshold for contact-induced language change. Glossa: a journal of general linguistics 7:1 DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 23 march 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.


Main BIC Subject

CF/2ZP: Linguistics/Pidgins & Creoles

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
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ONIX 2.1
ONIX 3.0
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2015029384 | Marc record