Palenquero and Spanish in Contact
Exploring the interface
John M. Lipski | The Pennsylvania State University
Bilingual speakers are normally aware of what language they are speaking or hearing; there is, however, no widely accepted consensus on the degree of lexical and morphosyntactic similarity that defines the psycholinguistic threshold of distinct languages. This book focuses on the Afro-Colombian creole language Palenquero, spoken in bilingual contact with its historical lexifier, Spanish. Although sharing largely cognate lexicons, the languages are in general not mutually intelligible. For example, Palenquero exhibits no adjective-noun or verb-subject agreement, uses pre-verbal tense-mood-aspect particles, and exhibits unbounded clause-final negation. The present study represents a first attempt at mapping the psycholinguistic boundaries between Spanish and Palenquero from the speakers’ own perspective, including traditional native Palenquero speakers, adult heritage speakers, and young native Spanish speakers who are acquiring Palenquero as a second language. The latter group also provides insights into the possible cognitive cost of “de-activating” Spanish morphological agreement as well as the relative efficiency of pre-verbal vs. clause-final negation. In this study, corpus-based analyses are combined with an array of interactive experimental techniques, demonstrating that externally-imposed classifications do not always correspond to speakers’ own partitioning of language usage in their communities.
[Contact Language Library, 56] 2020. xvii, 318 pp.
Publishing status: Available
© John Benjamins
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments | pp. xiii–xiv
Key to glosses | pp. xv–xvi
A note on the examples | pp. xvii–xviii
Introduction | pp. 1–8
Chapter 1. The Palenquero language: History and scholarship | pp. 9–18
Chapter 2. Palenque: Language revitalization and the evolving linguistic ecology | pp. 19–34
Chapter 3. A brief sketch of Palenquero grammar | pp. 35–78
Chapter 4. Palenquero-Spanish mixing: Previous observations and new data | pp. 79–94
Chapter 5. Palenqueros’ thoughts: Language identification tasks | pp. 95–134
Chapter 6. Palenqueros talk back: Interactive tasks | pp. 135–166
Chapter 7. Palenquero-Spanish mixing and models of language switching | pp. 167–172
Chapter 8. Palenquero as a second language: Data and analyses | pp. 173–228
Chapter 9. A window into Palenquero-Spanish bilingualism: Grammatical gender | pp. 229–252
Chapter 10. Conclusions | pp. 253–258
References | pp. 259–278
Samples of L2 learners’ written lengua ri Palenge
Appendix A. Samples of L2 learners’ written lengua ri Palenge | pp. 279–290
Appendix B. Examples of written Palenquero in the community | pp. 291–308
Appendix C. Palenquero consultants | pp. 309–314
Index | pp. 315–318
“Lipski's book is a job scrupulously done. The book is of great interest to linguists because of the subject of study, the variety of methods used and the vast bibliography on the subject and numerous fieldwork recordings. It is valuable for specialists in contact languages and in American Spanish and many other readers will be interested in the ideological resistance dimension of maintaining a heritage language.”
Alexandra Álvarez Muro, Universidad de los Andes, in Spanish in Context 19:3, 2022
Cited by 5 other publications
Cassiani Obeso, Estilita María
Drinka, Bridget & Whitney Chappell
2021. New perspectives on Spanish socio-historical linguistics. In Spanish Socio-Historical Linguistics [Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics, 12], ► pp. 2 ff.
Lipski, John M.
Putnam, Michael T.
2022. Review of Mazzoli & Sippola (2021): New Perspectives on Mixed Languages: From Core to Fringe. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 37:2 ► pp. 416 ff.
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 19 november 2023. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.
Main BIC Subject
CF/2ZP: Linguistics/Pidgins & Creoles
Main BISAC Subject
LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General