References (72)
Allan, Stuart
2004News Culture. (2nd edition). Maidenhead: Open University Press.Google Scholar
Appadurai, Arjun
2006Fear of Small Numbers: an Essay on the Geography of Anger. (2nd edition). USA: Duke University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Berger, Guy
2005 “The Media are a Mess: Why South African Journalism is Not Doing Its Job.” Speech presented at the Winter School National Arts Festival, Grahamstown, 5 July 2005.
Bloom, Kevin
2005 “War Talk.” Mail and Guardian Online 04 August 2005 Accessed 6 August 2005 at: [URL].Google Scholar
Bourdieu, Pierre
1998Acts of Resistance: Against the New Myths of our Time. London: Polity.Google Scholar
Charteris-Black, Jonathan
2004Corpus Approaches to Critical Metaphor Analysis. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chouliaraki, Lilie and Norman Fairclough
1999Discourse in Late Modernity: Rethinking Critical Discourse Analysis. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
Crawley, Heaven and Danny Sriskandarajah
2005In Seeking Scapegoats: the Coverage of Asylum in the UK Press. London: Institute for Public Policy Research.Google Scholar
Crime Statistics Report
2009-2010 “The Crime Situation in South Africa”: South African Police Service. Accessed 21 February 2013 at: [URL].
Crush, Jonathan
2000 “The Dark Side of Democracy: Migration, Xenophobia and Human Rights in South Africa.” International Migration 38: 103-34. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2008South Africa: Policy in the Face of Xenophobia pp. 1-8. Accessed 23 May 2012 at: [URL]
Crush, Jonathan, and Sujata S. Ramachandran
2010 “Xenophobia, International Migration and Development.” Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 11: 209-228. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Crush, Jonathan, and Vincent Williams
2003 Southern African Migration Project Policing Migration: Immigration Enforcement and Human Rights in South Africa. Migration Policy Brief No. 14. Accessed 30 May 2012 at: [URL]
Desai, Ashwin
2008 “Xenophobia and the Refugee in the Rainbow Nation of Human Rights.” African Sociological Review 12 (2): 49-68. Accessed 20 March 2012 at: [URL]Google Scholar
De Mendoza Ibáñez, Franciso José Ruiz, and Lorena Pérez Hernández
2011 “The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor: Myths, Developments and Challenges.” Metaphor and Symbol (26)3: 161-185. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Villiers, Riaan, and Maxine Reitzes
1995 “Southern African Migration Domestic and Regional Policy Implications.” Workshop proceedings, 14. Centre for Policy Studies. Johannesburg, South Africa.
Duncan, Norman
2012 “Reaping the Whirlwind: Xenophobic Violence in South Africa.” Global Journal of Community Psychology Practice 3(1): 104-112.Google Scholar
Dunn, Alan
2005 “No Holding Back as SA Tabloids Take Off.” Pretoria News 28 July 2005 [URL]. Accessed 24 October 2011Google Scholar
Everatt, David
2011 “Xenophobia, State and Society in South Africa, 2008-2010.” Politikon: South African Journal of Political Studies 38(1): 7-36. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Fabricus, P
. “With the Small Picture, Mbeki’s Vision is Blurred.” The Star 30 May 2008.Google Scholar
Fairclough, Norman A
1989Language and Power. Cambridge: London: Longman.Google Scholar
1995Media Discourse. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
1999 “Global Capitalism and Critical Awareness of Language.” Language Awareness 8(2): 71–83. Accessed 2 April 2012 at: [URL]. DOI: DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Fine, Jonathan, and William Bird
2006Shades of Prejudice: An Investigation into the South African Media’s Coverage of Racial Violence and Xenophobia. Johannesburg: Media Monitoring Project.Google Scholar
Gabrielatos, Costas, and Paul Baker
2008 “Fleeing, Sneaking, Flooding: A Corpus Analysis of Discursive Constructions of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the UK Press 1996-2005.” Journal of English Linguistics 36(1): 5-38. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gqola, Pumla Dineo
2008 “Brutal Inheritances Echoes, Negrophobia and Masculinist Violence.” In Go Home and Die There, ed. by Shireen Hassim, Tawan Kupe, and Eric Worby, 209-222. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.Google Scholar
Hadland, Adrian, Eric Louw, Simphiwe Sesanti, and Herman Wasserman
2008 “Introduction.” In Power, Politics and Identity in Southern African Media, ed. by Adrian Hadland, Eric Louw, Simphiwe Sesanti and Herman Wasserman. Cape Town: HSRC Press.Google Scholar
Harber, Anton
2004 “The Daily Sun Shines in Gore and Glory over a Changing Land.” Ecquid Novi: African Journalism Studies – Forum Section 25(1): 156–158: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2008 “Two Newspapers, Two Nations? The Media and the Xenophobic Violence.” In Go Home Or Die Here. Violence, Xenophobia and the Reinvention of Difference in South Africa, ed. by Shireen Hassim, Tawana Kupe, and Eric Worby, 161-173. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.Google Scholar
Harris, Bronwyn
2002 “Xenophobia: a New Pathology for a New South Africa?” In Psychopathology and Social Prejudice, ed. by Derik Hook and Gillian Eagle, 169-184. Cape Town: University of Cape Town Press.Google Scholar
Harrison, Rebecca
2005 “No Holding Back as SA Tabloids Take Off.” Pretoria News 28 July 2005.Google Scholar
Hassim, Shireen, Tawana Kupe, and Eric Worby
2008 “Introduction. Facing the Other at the Gates of Democracy.” Go Home Or Die Here. Violence, Xenophobia and the Reinvention of Difference in South Africa, ed. Shireen Hassim, Tawana Kupe and Eric Worby, 1-26. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.Google Scholar
Hickel, Jason
2014 “Xenophobia in South Africa: Order, Chaos, and the Moral Economy of Witchcraft.” Cultural Anthropology 29 (1): 103-127. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Human Rights Report Card (The Centre for Constitutional Rights)
. March 2010Polity Daily News, ed. by Creamer Media Reporter. Accessed 24 March 2010 at: [URL]Google Scholar
2005“Press Coverage of Cross Border Migration to South Africa since 2000.” Institute for a Democratic Alternative for South Africa. Accessed 24 October 2011 at: [URL]
Jones, Nicola, Yves Vanderhaegan, and Desiray Viney
2008 “The Daily Sun and Post-Apartheid Identity.” In Power, Politics and Identity in South African media. Selected Seminar Papers, ed. by Adrian Hadland, Eric Louw, Simphiwe Sesanti and Herman Wasserman. Cape Town: HSRC Press.Google Scholar
Kövecses, Zoltan
2010 “Metaphor and Emotion”. In The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, ed. by Raymond W. Gibbs, 380-396. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
2011 “Recent Developments in Metaphor Theory: Are the New Rival Ones?Review of Cognitive Linguistics 9(1):11-25. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lakoff, George, and Mark Johnson
1980Metaphors We Live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Lakoff, George, and Mark Turner
1989More Than Cool Reason. A Field Guide to Poetic Metaphor. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Landau, Loren B
2010 “Loving the Alien? Citizenship, Law, and the Future in South Africa’s Demonic Society.” African Affairs 109(435): 213-230. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lerner, Anna, Sandra Roberts, and Callie Matlala
2009 “Race and Migration in the Community. Media: Local Stories, Common Stereotypes.” Media Monitoring Africa. Media Development and Diversity Agency.
Matsinhe, David M
2011 “Africa’s Fear of Itself: the Ideology of Makwerekwere in South Africa.” Third World Quarterly 32(2): 295-313. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
McDonald, David A., and Sean Jacobs
2005 “(Re)writing Xenophobia: Understanding Press Coverage of Cross-Border Migration in Southern Africa.” Journal of Contemporary African Studies 23(3): 295-325. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
MMA (Media Monitoring Africa)
2008(a) (May 29) “Media Monitoring Project Submits Complaint about Daily Sun Reporting on Xenophobia,” 1-14. Johannesburg: Media Monitoring Project. Accessed 12April 2009 at: [URL]
2008(b) (November 2008) “MMP Wins a Great Victory over the Word ‘Alien’.” Accessed 21 June 2010 at: [URL]
Minnaar, Anthony, Michael Hough, and Chris Paul De Kock
1996Who Goes There? Perspectives on Clandestine Migration and Illegal Aliens in Southern Africa. Pretoria: HSRC Publishers.Google Scholar
Misago, Jean Pierre, Loren B. Landau, and Tamlyn Monson
2009 “Towards Tolerance, Law, and Dignity: Addressing Violence Against Foreign Nationals in South Africa.” International Organization for Migration, Regional Office for Southern Africa, 23-28.Google Scholar
Mtwana, Nonceba and William Bird
2006Revealing Race: an Analysis of the Coverage of Race and Xenophobia in the South African Print Media. Media Monitoring Project. Charles Stewart Mott foundation. Accessed 26 June 2010 at: [URL]Google Scholar
Musolff, Andreas
2012 “The Study of Metaphor as Part of Critical Discourse Analysis.” Critical Discourse Studies 9(3): 301-310. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Neocosmos, Michael
2006From Foreign Natives to Native Foreigners: Explaining Xenophobia in Contemporary South Africa. Dakar: Codesria. Accessed 5 April 2012 at: [URL].Google Scholar
Peberdy, Sally Ann
2002 “Hurdles to Trade? South Africa’s Immigration Policy and Informal Sector Cross-Border Traders in the SADC,” paper presented to a workshop of the Southern African Poverty Network (HSRC), Lawyers for Human Rights and the Southern African Migration Project Regional Integration, Migration and Poverty , Pretoria, April.
2009Selecting Immigrants. National Identity and South Africa’s Immigration Policies 1910 – 2008. Johannesburg: Wits University Press.Google Scholar
Polzer Ngwato, Tara
2010 “ ‘Xenophobia’: Violence Against Foreign Nationals and Other Outsiders in Contemporary South Africa.” Johannesburg: Forced Migration Studies Programme.
Rabe, Lizette
2005 “Licence to Kill?” Accessed 10 January 2011 at: [URL]
Reisigl, Martin, and Ruth Wodak
2001Discourse and Discrimination: Rhetorics of Racism and Antisemitism. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
SAARF Website
2008All Media and Products Survey (AMPS) 2008A: 1-6. Accessed 24 October 2011 at: [URL]
Santa Ana, Otto
1999 “’Like an Animal I was Treated’: Anti-Immigrant Metaphor in US Public Discourse.” Discourse and Society 10(2): 191-224. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2002Brown Tide Rising: Metaphors of Latinos in Contemporary American Public Discourse. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
Schreiner, Wadim, and Robert Mattes
2012 “The Possibilities of Election Campaigns as Sites for Political Advocacy: South Africa in Comparative Perspective.” In Public Opinion and Interest Group Politics: South Africa’s Missing Links, ed. by Heather Thuynsma, 154-172. Pretoria: Africa Institute of SA.Google Scholar
Townsend, Kate
. “Tabloid Grabs South Africa Market.” BBC NEWS. Accessed March 2011 at: [URL]Google Scholar
Valji, Nahla
2003 “Creating the Nation: The Rise of Violent Xenophobia in the New South Africa.” Unpublished Masters Thesis, York University. July 2003.
Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation
Van Dijk, Teun A
2001Multidisciplinarity CDA: a Plea for Diversity.” In Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis, ed. by Ruth Wodak and Michael Meyer, 95-120. London: Sage. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2006 “Ideology and Discourse Analysis.” Journal of Political Ideologies 11(2):115-140. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Viney, Desiray
2008 “The Daily Sun: Investigating the Role of the Tabloid Newspaper in the New South Africa.” Unpublished MA dissertation. University of Kwazulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg.
Wahl-Jorgensen, Karin
2008 “Disgust, Pleasure and the Failure of the Liberal Democratic Model: Tabloid Talk, Media Capital and Emotional Citizenship.” International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics 4(2): 145–161. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wallace, Dale
2012 “Healers, Heretics and Witches. African Diviners and Pagan Witches Contest the Boundaries of Religion and Magic in Africa.” Paper delivered at the Conference for Urban Fantasies: Magic and the Supernatural. Prague, Czech Republic. 15 March – 17 March 2012. Accessed 11 April 2012 at: [URL]
Wasserman, Herman
2010Tabloid Journalism in South Africa True Story! Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
Wasserman, Herman, and Shakuntala Rao
2008 “The Glocalization of Journalism Ethics.” Journalism 9(2): 163-181. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wetherell, Margaret, and Jonathan Potter
1992Mapping the Language of Racism: Discourse and the Legitimation of Exploitation. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
Wolf, Hans-Georg, and Frank Polzenhagen
2009World Englishes: A Cognitive Sociolinguistic Approach. [Application of Cognitive Linguistics 9]. Berlin – New York: Mouton de Gruyter. DOI logoGoogle Scholar