References

References

Altheide, David L.
1985Media Power. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Altschull, J Herbert
1984Agents of Power: The Role of the News Media in Human Affairs. New York: Longman.
Anderson, Richard D.
2004 “The Causal Power of Metaphor. Cueing Democratic Identities in Russia and Beyond.” In Metaphorical World Politics, eds. by Francis A. Beer and Christ! De Landtsheer, 91–108. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.
Bagdikian, Ben H.
1983The Media Monopoly. Boston: Beacon Press.
Barrinha, Andre
2011 “The political importance of labelling: terrorism and Turkey’s discourse on the PKK.” Critical Studies on Terrorism 4 (2): 163–180. Crossref link
Bar-Tal, Daniel
1989 “Delegitimation: The Extreme Case of Stereotyping and Prejudice.” In Stereotyping and Prejudice: Changing Conceptions, eds. by Daniel Bar-Tal, Carl. F. Graumann, Arie W. Kruglanski and Wolfgang Stroebe, 169–82. New York: Springer. Crossref link
BBC
2020 “Shamima Begum loses first stage of appeal over citizenship.” February 7.
Becker, Howard S.
1963Outsiders. Simon and Schuster.
Beer, Francis A., and Christ’l De Landtsheer
2004 “Metaphors, Politics, and World Politics.” In Metaphorical World Politics, eds. by Francis A. Beer and Christ’l De Landtsheer, 5–52. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press.
Bennett, W. Lance, and Robert M. Entman Robert
2001Mediated Politics. Communication in the Future of Democracy. eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bhatia, Michael
2005 “Fighting words: naming terrorists bandit rebels and other violent actors.” Third Word Quarterly 26 (1): 5–22. Crossref link
Bostom, Andrew G.
2005The Legacy of Jihad: Islamic Holy War and the Fate of Non-Muslims. Amherst: Prometheus.
Brown-Jackson, Maia
2019 “ISIS Brides: Perpetrators or Victims?Islamic Theology of Counter Terrorism (ITCT).
Campbell, David
1998Writing Security: United States Foreign Policy and the Politics of Identity University of Minnesota Press; 2nd edition.
Charter, David
2018 “German teen who joined Isis is jailed for six years in Iraq The Sunday Times, February 18.
Childwise
2018 “What children think…about war and terrorism.” The Monitor Report 2018
Chiluwa, Innocent
2011 “Media Representation of Nigeria’s Joint Military Task Force in the Niger Delta Crisis.” International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 1 (9):197–208.
Christoph, Vanessa
2012 “The Role of the Mass Media in the Integration of Migrants.” Journal Compilation International Mind, Brain, and Education Society and Blackwell Publishing 6 (2): 97–107.
Clark, Natasha
2019 “Dozens of ISIS brides could come back to UK as MI6 boss says ‘potentially dangerous’ Shamima Begum has the right to return.” The Sun, February 15.
Conboy, Martin
2007The Language of the News, Routledge, New York.
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness
1975.
Cook, J. and Vale, G.
2019 “From Daesh to ‘Diaspora’: Tracing the Women and Minors of Islamic State.” CTC Sentinel 12 (6).
Coughlan, Sean
2018 “Young people anxious from terror coverage.” BBC, October 9.
Counter-Terrorism and Border Security Act
Cruise, Rebecca S.
2016 “Enough with the Stereotypes: Representations of Women in Terrorist Organizations.” Social Science Quarterly 97 (1): 33–43. Special Issue: Terror, Trauma, Memory: Special Issue Dedicated to the Oklahoma City Bombing. Crossref link
Develotte, Christine, and Rechniewski, Elizabeth
2001 “Discourse analysis of newspaper headlines: A methodological framework for research into national representations.” Web Journal of French Media Studies 4(1).
Dor, Daniel
2003 “On newspaper headlines as relevance optimizers.” Journal of Pragmatics, 35: 695–721. Crossref link
Eagleton, Terry
1991Ideology. An Introduction. London: Verso.
Ehrlich, Susan
2001Representing Rape. Language and sexual consent. London: Routledge.
Engerman, David C.
2010 “Ideology and the Origins of the Cold War, 1917–1962.” In The Cambridge History of the Cold War Cambridge, eds. by Melvyn P. Leffler, and Odd Arne Westad, 20–43. New York: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Fairclough, Norman, and Ruth Wodak
1997 “Critical Discourse Analysis.” In Discourse as social interaction, Discourse studies: A multidisciplinary introduction, ed. by van Dijk, T. (vol 2.) Sage: London.
Farnham, Harriet
2019 “What the media circus surrounding Shamima Begum can teach us about gender and nation.” LSE Engenderings.
Fowler, Roger
1981Literature as Social Discourse: The Practice of Linguistic Criticism. London: Batsford Academic and Educational Ltd.
Gerges, Fawaz. A.
2005The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global. Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Gerring, John
1997 “Ideology: A Definitional Analysis.” Political Research Quarterly 50 (4): 957–94. Crossref link
Greer, Chris
2014 “Labelling, Deviance and Media.” In Encyclopaedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice eds. by Gerben Bruinsma, and David Weisburd, 2814–2823. Springer. Crossref link
Hall, Richard
2019 “Children of British Isis members will not be allowed to return to UK, government rules.” The Independent, August 13.
Hart, Christopher
2010Critical Discourse Analysis and Cognitive Science: New Perspectives on Immigration Discourse. Springer. Crossref link
Hawkins, Richard, and Tiedman, Gary
1975The Creation of Deviance. Columbus, Ohio: Charles E. Merill Publishing Co.
Herzog, Benno, Esperanza Gómez-Guardeño, Victor Agulló-Calatayud, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent, and Juan Carlos Valderrama-Zurián
2008 “Discourses on Drugs and Immigration: The Social Construction of a Problem.” Qualitative Social Research 10 (1):101–116.
Home Office, UK
2018 “Ban all ISIS members from returning to UK, Reponses by the government.” November 27.
Huddleston, Rodney, and Geoffrey K. Pullum
2002 “Adjectives and adverbs.” In The Cambridge grammar of the English language, eds. by Huddleston, R., Pullum, G. K., 525–596. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Crossref link
Hülsse, Rainer
2006 “Imagine the EU: The Metaphorical Construction of a Supra-Nationalist Identity.” Journal of International Relations and Development 9 (4):396–421. Crossref link
Humphrey, Matthew
2005 “(De)contesting Ideology: The Struggle Over the Meaning of the Struggle Over Meaning.” Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 8 (2):225–46. Crossref link
Ingram, Kiriloi M.
2017 “IS’s Appeal to Western Women: Policy Implications.” International Centre for Counter-Terrorism Policy Brief, The Hague.
Iyengar, Shanto, and Richard Reeves
1997Do the Media Govern? Politicians, Voters, and Reporters in America. eds. London: Sage.
Jackson, Leonie B.
2019 “Framing British ‘Jihadi Brides’: Metaphor and the Social Construction of I.S. Women,” Terrorism and Political Violence. Crossref link
Jackson, Richard, Lee Jarvis, Jeroen Gunning, and Marie Breen Smyth
2011Terrorism: A Critical Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan, New York. Crossref link
Jost, John T.
2006 “The End of the End of Ideology.” American Psychologist 61 (7): 651–70. Crossref link
Kabakchi, Victor V.
1998English-language cross-cultural communication fundamentals. St. Petersburg: Russian State Pedagogical University Press.
Kakenmaster, Bill
2016 “Belonging in a new home: Discursive othering of Latin American Immigrants in U.S. Print Media.” Clocks and Clouds, 7 (1): 64–101
Karim, H Karim
2012 “Are Ethnic Media Alternative?” In Alternative Media in Canada, eds. by Kirsten Kozolanka, Patricia Mazepa, and David Skinner, 1–18. Vancouver, BC, Can: UBC Press, ProQuest Library
Khan, Aina
2020 “Shamima Begum is a product of Britain. She should face justice here.” The Guardian, February 7.
Killalea, Debra
2015 “How Islamic State Recruits Teenagers.” News.com.au, November 28.
Knight, Kathleen
2006 “Transformations in the Concept of Ideology in the Twentieth Century.” American Political Science Review 100 (4): 619–26. Crossref link
Kuiken, Jeffrey, Anne Schuth, Martjin Spitters, and Maarten Marx
2017 “Effective Headlines of Newspaper Articles in a Digital Environment.” Digital Journalism 5 (10): 1300–1314. Crossref link
Laclau, Enersto, and Mouffe, Chantal
2001Hegemony and socialist strategy (2nd ed.). London: Verso.
Lane, Edward W.
1865An Arabic English Lexicon. Book I, Part 2. London: Williams and Norgate.
Lay, Samantha, and Thomas, Lisa
2012 “Ethnic minority media in London: transition and transformation.” Media, Culture and Society 34 (3): 369–380. Crossref link
Lemert, Edward. M.
1951Social pathology: A systematic approach to the theory of sociopathic behaviour. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Lister, Charles
2015 “Returning Foreign Fighters: Criminalization or Reintegration?” Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.
Lloyd, Anthony
2019 “Shamima Begum: I was brainwashed. I knew nothing: The Isis bride is facing up to a life outside the UK.” The Times, April 1.
McLellan, David
1995Ideology. London: Open University Press.
McNally, Loiuse, and Gemma Boleda
2004 “Relational adjectives as properties of kinds.” In Empirical Issues in Formal Syntax and Semantics 5, eds. by Oliver Bonami, and Patricia Cabredo-Hofherr, 179–196.
Moaveni, Azadeh
2019 “Jihadi bride’ doesn’t fit: we need a new language for female militants.” The Guardian, February 26.
Moniruzzaman, Md
2008 “Jihad and Terrorism: An Alternative Explanation Jihad and TerrorismJournal of Religion and Society 2 (10):1–13.
Nacos, Brigitte L.
2005 “The Portrayal of Female Terrorists in the Media: Similar Framing Patterns in the News Coverage of Women in Politics and in Terrorism.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism. 28 (5): 435–451. Crossref link
Nyamutata, Conrad
2020 “Young Terrorists or Child Soldiers? ISIS Children, International Law and Victimhood.” Journal of Conflict and Security Law. Crossref link
Paris Principles and Guidelines on Children Associated with Armed Forces or Armed Groups
, February. 2007. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF). https://​www​.unicef​.org​/mali​/media​/1561​/file​/ParisPrinciples​.pdf.
Peresin, Anita
2018 “Why Women from the West are Joining ISIS.” International Annals of Criminology Special Issue on Female Migration to ISIS, 1–2 (56):32–42. Crossref link
Peters, Rudolph
1996Jihad in Classical and Modern Islam. Princeton: Markus Wiener.
1979Islam and Colonialism: The Doctrine of Jihad in Modern History. Mouton Publishers: The Hague.
Saltman, Erin Marie, and Melanie Smith
2015 “Till Martyrdom Do Us Part – Gender and the ISIS Phenomenon.” Institute for Strategic Dialogue.
Schleifer, S. Abdullah
1983 “Understanding Jihad: Definition and Methodology Islamic.” Quarterly 2 (1): 118–131.
Scott, Mike, and Tribble, Christopher
2006Textual Patterns: Key words and corpus analysis in language education. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. Crossref link
Shimko, K. L.
1994 “Metaphors and Foreign Policy Decision Making.” Political Psychology 15(4): 655–671. Crossref link
Shore, Todd
2010 “Making sense of adjectives: Association vs. ascription in a family-resemblance model of semantic inheritance.” SKASE Journal of Theoretical Linguistics 7 (3): 2–7.
Shorer, Marina
2018 “Mobilization of Women to Terrorism: Tools and Methods of ISIS.” International Annals of Criminology Special Issue on Female Migration to ISIS, 1–2 (56) 93–104. Crossref link
Sjoberg, Laura
2009 “Feminist Interrogations of Terrorism/Terrorism Studies.” International Relations 23 (1): 69–74. Crossref link
Spencer, Alexander
2012 “The Social Construction of Terrorism: Media, Metaphor and Policy Implications.” Journal of International Relations and Development 15 (3): 393–419. Crossref link
Stubbs, Michael
1996Text and Corpus Analysis. Computer-assisted Studies of Language and Culture. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd.
Teo, Peter
2000 “Racism in the News: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News Reporting in Two Australian Newspapers.” Discourse and Society 11 (1): 7–49. Crossref link
Thompson, John B.
1984Studies in the Theory of Ideology. ed. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.
Tully, James H.
1983 “The Pen is a Mighty Sword: Quentin Skinner’s Analysis of Politics.” British Journal of Political Science 13 (4):489–509. Crossref link
Ulas, Gulfer
2019 “Female Radicalisation: Why do Women join ISIS?LSE Middle East Centre blog, August 15.
Van Dijk, Teun A.
1998 “Critical Discourse Analysis”. Available: http://​www​.hum​.uva​.nl​/teun​/cda​.htm.(1/25/2000).
2006 “Ideology and Discourse Analysis.” Journal of Political Ideologies 11 (2): 115–140. Crossref link
2000Language and Ideology: A Multidisciplinary introduction. Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona.
Van Aelst, Peter
2014 “Media, political agendas and public policy.” In Handbook of Political Communication, ed. by Carsten Reinemann, 231–248. De Gruyter-Mouton: Berlin.
Van Leeuwen, Theo
1996 “The representation of social actors” In Texts and practices: Readings in critical discourse analysis, eds. by Carmen Rosa Caldas-Coulthard, and Malcom Coulthard, 32–70. vol 3. Routledge, London.
Walton, Richard
2019 “ ‘Jihadi brides’ like Shamima Begum are as dangerous as their male counterpartsThe Times, February 25.
White, Peter R. R.
1997 “Death, Disruption and the Moral Order: The Narrative Impulse in Mass-Media Hard news Reporting.” In Genre and Institutions, eds. by Francis Christie, and James R. Martin, 101–133. London: Cassell.
Williams, Michael
2007Culture and security: symbolic power and the politics of international security Routledge. Crossref link
Wodak, Ruth, Rudolf de Cillia, Martin Reisigl, and Karin Liebhart
2009The Discursive Construction of National Identity. Edinburgh University Press.
Yılmaz, Ferruh
2012 “Right-wing hegemony and immigration: How the populist far-right achieved hegemony through the immigration debate in Europe.” Current sociology, 60(3): 368–381. Crossref link