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Publication details

Authors/Editors: Labov, William
Title: The social stratification of English in New York City.
Year: 1966
Publisher: Washington: Center for Applied Linguistics
Pages: xii + 655
Publication type: Book — monograph
Language: English
Keyword(s): communicative style ; language attitude ; linguistic security ; social status ; urban community ; vowel
Subject — language(s): English, American
Annotation: After a discussion of problems and methods of analysis for the study of language in its social context (focusing, among other things, on the isolation of contextual styles), L. presents a detailed study of the social differentiation of variables in the speech of New York City, and of the social evaluation of New York City speech (including a section on self-evaluation and linguistic security, and on general attitudes towards the speech of New York City). Explicit attention is paid to the structure of the vowel system.


  1. (1972) “Subjective dimensions of a linguistic change in progress.” In: William Labov, Sociolinguistic patterns. pp. 143-159.
  2. (1972) “The isolation of contextual styles.” In: William Labov, Sociolinguistic patterns. pp. 70-109.