Technical specifications

Browser: Internet Explorer 4 or higher, or any recent version of other browsers. The browser should support frames and stylesheets. If your browser does not support stylesheets some features, such as highlighting of search terms in the text, may be missing.

Cookies: Your browser should be set to accept cookies from the Benjamins site. A cookie is used to remember your login status while you are using the resource. Once you log out, the cookie will be automatically deleted. If you have a site license and access is checked on the basis of IP addresses, this does not apply.

Fonts: In order to be able to represent characters from many different languages correctly, the resource is Unicode-compliant. To be able to see all the characters, your computer must have a Unicode font installed.


Login: When you access the Bibliography from a terminal at an institute with an institutional license, access is controlled by IP address. Otherwise, you will be presented with a login screen, where you will be asked to enter your user ID and password. A stand-alone, single user license allows only one user to access the Bibliography at any one time.

Logout: After logout, all session data – search history and results, and settings – are cleared.

Settings: The only setting you can change is the number of hits to be displayed on one screen. The other settings depend on your license to the product.

Navigation: Use the links provided within the application to move back and forth, rather than the standard buttons of your browser. If you use those, information may not be carried over from one section to the next.


Basic search: Using the basic search option, any term(s) that you enter will be searched through all fields, including the annotation.

All fields: Same as Basic search.

Fields: The search page gives a number of fields in which you can search. These are default options, other fields can be chosen from a drop down list. If you need more fields than are given by default, you can add fields by clicking on +.

The date field refers to the year of publication, and is exclusive; date after 2000 will find all titles published in 2001 and later.

Logical operators: Search terms in different fields can be combined by logical (Boolean) operators, AND, OR, and NOT.

If you enter two search terms in the same field, these are by default taken to be combined with the operator AND: e.g.,

title: term1 term2 = title: term1 AND title: term2

Phrase: To search for two terms as an exact phrase, add double quotation marks: "term1 term2" will find only those instances where the terms are found next to each other and in that order.

Wild cards: There are two possible wild cards, for use within a term or to the left or right.

The question mark ? stands for 0 or 1 character: organi?ation will find organisation and organization; lang*age will find langage and language.

The asterisk * stands for 0 or more characters.

Unicode: In a Unicode compliant browser, special characters will be presented correctly. A search for a name without diacritics will also find the name with diacritics. E.g., danes will find Daneš.

History: The search history will store the last 20 searches. Through the search history you can return to any of your search results by clicking “Show results”, or you can refine your search via “Edit search”.


You can browse through lists of Authors (and Editors), Journals, Keywords, Languages (as subjects), Persons (as subject), and (Book) Series. The entries in these lists are hyperlinks and will give you all the relevant records.


The thesaurus lists terms (keywords) and their relations. The relations between terms are indicated in the following manner:

SN Scope Note definition of the term within the context of this bibliography
RT Related Term "see also"
BT Broader Term "parent" of the term
NT Narrower Term "child" of the term
USE Used For "see", reference to the synonym that is used as keyword
UF Use For term(s) for which this term is used as the preferred synonym

The thesaurus in this bibliography can be accessed in three ways.

Within the thesaurus, clicking on a term will show that term and its relationships to other terms. Clicking on 'search' next to a term will yield the search result of that term as a keyword, which can be refined and combined with other search terms through History – Edit Query.


Short description: The results are always presented using the short presentation, unless the result consists of only one record, in which case the full presentation will be used automatically. The results are ordered by year of publication, starting with the most recent, and then on the last name of the author/editor.

Full description: Click on the short presentation to see the full description of a record, including keywords, annotation, related reviews, translations and reprints. To go back to the short presentation, click on “Back to result list”.

From the full description, there are links to related entries, such as articles from a volume, reviews, translations and reprints.

E-mail results: You can e-mail the result list or the full description of a record to any e-mail address.