Publication details [#11674]

Jakobson, Roman. 2004. On linguistic aspects of translation. In Venuti, Lawrence. The Translation Studies reader. London: Routledge. pp. 138–143.


All communication is translation. There are three types of translation: intralingual ("rewording"), interlingual ("translation proper"), and semiotic translation ("transmutation"). Language is far from being a neutral nomenclature, but everything can be said in any language (things get more complicated when form is an essential part of the message).
Source : BITRA / J. Franco