Publication details [#12842]

Arencibia Rodriguez, Lourdes. 2006. The Imperial College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco: the first school of translators and interpeters in sixteenth-century Spanish America. In Bastin, Georges L. and Paul Fadio Bandia, eds. Charting the future of translation history (Perspectives on Translation). Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press. pp. 263–275.
Publication type
Article in jnl/bk
Publication language


The article discusses the first major school of interpreter and translators in the New World, founded around 1533: the Imperial College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco. This college aimed at training native linguists with the capacity to perform a sort of spiritual crossbreeding, reconciling Renaissance humanism and Mesoamerican wisdom. The author describes the school's location and origin, the ideological background, as well as the students and teachers, their work, the problems encountered, the teaching orientation, etc. She emphasizes the permanent exchange of knowledge between natives an missionaries. Lost for centuries, the massive corpus of the translators and interpreters of the Imperial College of Santa Cruz de Tlatelolco has been recovered only recently. [Source: A. Matthyssen]