Publication details [#21835]

Jakobson, Roman. 2009. O językoznawczych aspektach przekładu [On linguistic aspects of translation]. In Heydel, Magda and Piotr Bukowski. Antologia teorii przekładu literackiego [Anthology of literary translation theories]. Cracow: Znak. pp. 247–264.


All communication is translation. There are three types of translation: intralingual ("rewording"), interlingual ("translation proper"), and semiotic translation ("transmutation"). Language is far from being a neutral nomenclature, but everything can be said in any language (things get more complicated when form is an essential part of the message).
Source : BITRA / J. Franco