Publication details [#3979]
Jakobson, Roman. 1959. On linguistic aspects of translation. In Brower, Reuben Arthur, ed. On translation (Harvard studies in comparative literature 23). Cambridge: Harvard University Press. pp. 144–151.
Article in jnl/bk
All communication is translation. There are three types of translation: intralingual ("rewording"), interlingual ("translation proper"), and semiotic translation ("transmutation"). Language is far from being a neutral nomenclature, but everything can be said in any language (things get more complicated when form is an essential part of the message). [Source: BITRA / J. Franco]