This paper presents the first sociophonetic study of Cantonese vowels using sociolinguistic interview data from the Heritage Language Variation and Change in Toronto Corpus. It focuses on four allophones [iː], [ɪk/ɪŋ], [uː], and [ʊk/ʊŋ] of two contrastive vowels /iː/ and /uː/ across two generations of speakers. The F1 and F2 of 30 vowel tokens were analyzed for these four allophones from each of 20 speakers (N = 600 vowel tokens). Results show inter-generational maintenance of allophonic conditioning for /iː/ and /uː/ as well as an interaction between generation and sex such that second-generation female speakers have the most retracted variants of [ɪk/ɪŋ] and the most fronted variants of [iː]. This paper will discuss three possible explanations based on internal motivation, phonetic assimilation, and phonological influence. This will illustrate the importance of multiple comparisons (including inter-generational, cross-linguistic, and cross-community) in the relatively new field of heritage language phonology research.
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Cited by 9 other publications
Chang, Charles B.
2021. Phonetics and Phonology of Heritage Languages. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics, ► pp. 581 ff.
Kan, Rachel T. Y.
2021. Phonological Production in Young Speakers of Cantonese as a Heritage Language. Language and Speech 64:1 ► pp. 73 ff.
Kan, Rachel T.Y. & Monika S. Schmid
2019. Development of tonal discrimination in young heritage speakers of Cantonese. Journal of Phonetics 73 ► pp. 40 ff.
Liu, Huangmei & Dafydd Gibbon
2022. Effects of Familiarity and Dialect Experience on the Description of Tonal Variant. Frontiers in Psychology 13
2021. Heritage Languages in Canada. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics, ► pp. 178 ff.
2023. Glottalizing at word junctures: Exploring bidirectional transfer in child and adult Spanish heritage speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition► pp. 1 ff.
2021. Grammatical Aspects of Heritage Languages. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics, ► pp. 579 ff.
[no author supplied]
2021. Heritage Languages around the World. In The Cambridge Handbook of Heritage Languages and Linguistics, ► pp. 11 ff.
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