Abercrombie, D.
(1949) Teaching pronunciation. English Language Teaching, 3, 113–122. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Anderson-Hsieh, J., Johnson, R., & Koehler, K.
(1992) The relationship between native speaker judgments of nonnative pronunciation and deviance in segmentals, prosody, and syllable structure. Language Learning, 42, 529–555. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bates, D., Mächler, M., Bolker, B., and Walker, S.
(2015) Fitting linear mixed-effects models using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67(1), 1–48. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Brennan, E. M., & Brennan, J. S.
(1981) Accent scaling and language attitudes: Reactions to Mexican American English speech. Language & Speech, 24, 207–221. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Catford, J. C.
(1987) Phonetics and the teaching of pronunciation: A systemic description of English phonology. In J. Morley (Ed.), Current perspectives on pronunciation: Practices anchored in theory (pp. 83–100). Washington, DC: TESOL.Google Scholar
Crowther, D.
Derwing, T. M.
(2016) The 3 P’s of ESL in the workplace: Proficiency, pronunciation and pragmatics. In H. McGarrell & D. Wood (Eds.) Contact, Refereed Proceedings of the TESL Ontario Research Symposium, 42 (2), 10–20.Google Scholar
Derwing, T. M., & Munro, M. J.
(1997) Accent, comprehensibility and intelligibility: Evidence from four L1s. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19, 1–16. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M. & Munro, M. J.
(2009) Comprehensibility as a factor in listener interaction preferences: Implications for the workplace. Canadian Modern Language Review, 66 (2) 181–202. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2013) The development of L2 oral language skills in two L1 groups: A seven-year study. Language Learning, 63, 163–185. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., Munro, M. J., Foote, J. A., Waugh, E. & Fleming, J.
(2014) Opening the window on comprehensible pronunciation after 19 years: A workplace training study. Language Learning, 64, 526–548. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., Munro, M. J. & Thomson, R. I.
(2008) A longitudinal study of ESL learners’ fluency and comprehensibility development. Applied Linguistics, 29, 359–380. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., Munro, M. J. & Wiebe, G. E.
(1998) Evidence in favor of a broad framework for pronunciation instruction. Language Learning, 48, 393–410. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., Rossiter, M. J., & Munro, M. J.
(2002) Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. Journal of Multilingualism and Multicultural Development, 23, 245–259. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., Rossiter, M. J., Munro, M. J. & Thomson, R. I.
(2004) L2 fluency: Judgments on different tasks. Language Learning, 54, 655–679. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., Waugh, E., Munro, M. J.
De Weers, N.
(2020) A critical (re)assessment of the effect of speaker ethnicity on speech processing and evaluation. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Department of Linguistics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.Google Scholar
Fayer, J. M., & Krasinski, E.
(1987) Native and nonnative judgments of intelligibility and irritation. Language Learning, 37, 313–326. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gass, S. M., & Varonis, E. M.
(1984) The effect of familiarity on the comprehensibility of nonnative speech. Language Learning, 34(1), 65–89. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gordon, J.
(2021) Pronunciation and task-based instruction: Effects of a classroom intervention. RELC Journal Special Issue, 52(1), 94–109. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hahn, L. D.
(2004) Primary stress and intelligibility: Research to motivate the teaching of suprasegmentals. TESOL Quarterly, 38(2), 201–223. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kang, O. & Moran, M.
(2014) Functional loads of pronunciation features in non-native speakers’ oral assessment. TESOL Quarterly, 48, 176–187. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kang, O., Rubin, D., & Lindemann, S.
(2015) Mitigating U.S. undergraduates’ attitudes toward international teaching assistants. TESOL Quarterly, 49, 681–706. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lindemann, S., Campbell, M. -A., Litzenberg, J., & Subtirelu, N. C.
Lindemann, S., & Subtirelu, N.
(2013) Reliably biased: The role of listener expectation in the perception of second language speech. Language Learning, 63(3), 567–594. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, M. J.
(1995) Nonsegmental factors in foreign accent: Ratings of filtered speech. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 17 (1), 17–34. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2018) Dimensions of pronunciation. In O. Kang, R. Thomson, & J. Murphy. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary English Pronunciation. pp. 413–431. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Munro, M. J. & Derwing, T. M.
(1995a) Foreign accent, comprehensibility and intelligibility in the speech of second language learners. Language Learning, 45, 73–97. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro , M. J. , & Derwing , T. M.
( 1995b )  Processing time for native and foreign accented speech . Language & Speech, 38, 289–306. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, M. J., & Derwing, T. M.
(1994) Evaluations of foreign accent in extemporaneous and read material. Language Testing, 11, 253–266. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, M. J. & Derwing, T. M.
(2001) Modelling perceptions of the comprehensibility and accentedness of L2 speech: The role of speaking rate. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 23, 451–468. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2006) The functional load principle in ESL pronunciation instruction: An exploratory study. System, 34, (520–531). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, M. J., Derwing, T. M., & Holtby, A. K.
(2012) Evaluating individual variability in foreign accent comprehension. In J. Levis & K. LeVelle (Eds.). Proceedings of the 3rd Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching Conference, Sept. 2011, (pp. 233–239). Ames, IA: Iowa State University.Google Scholar
O’Brien, M. G.
(2016) Methodological choices in rating speech samples. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 38(3), 587–605. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rondeau, G.
(1972) Le français international, Livre 2. Montréal: Centre Educatif et Culturel.Google Scholar
Schairer, K.
(1992) Native speaker reaction to non-native speech. Modern Language Journal, 76, 309–319. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L.
(1979) Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 420–428. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Thomson, R. I. & Derwing, T. M.
(2015) The effectiveness of L2 pronunciation instruction: A narrative review. Applied Linguistics, 36, 326–344. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Van Els, T. & De Bot, K.
(1987) The role of intonation in foreign accent. Modern Language Journal, 71, 147–155. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Varonis, E. M., & Gass, S. M.
(1982) The comprehensibility of nonnative speech. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 4, 114–136. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zhang, R. & Yuan, Z.
(2020) Examining the effects of explicit pronunciation instruction on the development of L2 pronunciation. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zielinski, B.
(2008) The listener: No longer the silent partner in reduced intelligibility. System, 36(1), 69–84. DOI logoGoogle Scholar