To be specified in:Landscapes of Realism: Rethinking literary realism in comparative perspectives. Volume I: Mapping realism
Edited by Dirk Göttsche, Rosa Mucignat and Robert Weninger
[Comparative History of Literatures in European Languages XXXII] 2021
► pp. 231–244
Realism and translation
Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre for an Austro-Hungarian minority and beyond
Drawing on Charlotte Brontë’s Jane Eyre (1847), I first show how the Victorian novel processes translation out of the narrative in order to espouse the metonymic imperative of realism. While this may be how the relation of realism and translation is decided in the Victorian novel, I argue that the subsequent history of translation of Brontë’s novel remains inflected in this relation. Taking Croatian translations of Jane Eyre as a case study, I analyze the ways in which they remain predicated on the metonymic imperative of realism, first in Austria-Hungary, when metonymy on these terms was adopted by Austro-Hungarian minorities as a vehicle of modern self-definition, and then in a process that survives the historical Austria-Hungary well into the twentieth century, in Yugoslav modernity for instance. What these translations ultimately sustain, and reveal, is radical realism: not a poetics so much as an apparatus instrumental to negotiating the modern condition in the past two centuries.
Keywords: realism, translation, metonymy, the Victorian novel, Austria-Hungary, Croatian literature
N.d. Jane Eyre translated by Tin Ujević Manuscript
Deleuze, Gilles, and Claire Parnet
Dragojević, Nataša, and Fikret Cacan
2015 “Ideali obitelji i ženskog identiteta u hrvatskom kazalištu druge polovice 19. stoljeća na primjeru kazališnih komada Charlotte Birch-Pfeiffer Cvrčak i Lowoodska sirotica .” In Kompleks obitelji i četvrt stoljeća tranzicije i globalizacije u hrvatskoj drami i kazalištu: dvadeset i pet godina Krležinih dana u Osijeku. Krležini dani u Osijeku 2014, 34–44. Zagreb, Osijek: Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, Zavod za povijest hrvatske književnosti, kazališta i glazbe, Odsjek za povijest hrvatskog kazališta, Hrvatsko narodno kazalište, Filozofski fakultet.