Article published In:
Chinese Language and Discourse
Vol. 12:2 (2021) ► pp.135157
Bayley, Robert
2002 “The Quantitative Paradigm.” In The Handbook of Language Variation and Change, ed. by J. K. Chambers, Peter Trudgill, and Natalie Schilling-Estes, 117–141. Malden: Backwell.Google Scholar
Bredeche, Chi Chen
2011The Use of Le by L1 Chinese Speakers and the Acquisition of Le by L2 Chinese Learners. Doctoral dissertation, City University of New York.Google Scholar
Cameron, Richard, and Nydia Flores-Ferrán
2004 “Perseveration of subject expression across regional dialects of Spanish.” Spanish in Context 1(1): 41–65. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chafe, Wallace L.
(ed) 1980The Pear Stories: Cognitive, Cultural, and Linguistic Aspects of Narrative Production. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.Google Scholar
Chang, Vincent W.
1986The Particle “le” in Chinese Narrative Discourse: An Integrative Description. Doctoral dissertation, University of Florida.Google Scholar
Duff, Patricia, and Duanduan Li
2002 “The Acquisition and Use of Perfective Aspect in Mandarin.” In The L2 Acquisition of Tense-aspect Morphology, eds. by Rafael Salaberry, and Yasuhiro Shirai, 417–454. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Eckert, Penelope
1989Jocks and Burnouts: Social Categories and Identity in the High School. NY: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
2000Language Variation as Social Practice: The Linguistic Construction of Identity in Belten High. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Eckert, Penelope, and Sally McConnell-Ginet
2003Language and Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Erbaugh, Mary S.
1992 “The Acquisition of Mandarin.” In The Crosslinguistic Study of Language Acquisition, ed. by Dan Isaac Slobin, 373–455. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Huang, Bo Rong, and Xu Dong Liao
2007现代汉语 [Modern Chinese]. 高等教育出版社 [Beijing: Higher Education Press].Google Scholar
Jia, Li, and Robert Bayley
2008 “The (Re) acquisition of Perfective Aspect Marking by Chinese Heritage Language Learners.” In Chinese as a Heritage Language: Fostering Rooted World Citizenry, eds. by Agnes Weiyun He, and Yun Xiao, 205–224. Honolulu: University of Hawai’I Press.Google Scholar
Labov, William
1972Sociolinguistic Patterns. No. 4. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar
1990 “The intersection of sex and social class in the course of linguistic change.” Language Variation and Change 2 (2): 205–254. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, Bin, Hongli Fan, and Po-Lun Peppina Lee
2017 “Chinese aspect marker-le and its acquisition by American English speakers.” International Journal of Chinese Linguistics 4 (1): 1–21. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, Charles N., Sandra A. Thompson, and R. McMillan Thompson
1982 “The discourse motivation for the perfect aspect: The Mandarin particle le .” In Tense–Aspect: Between Semantics and Pragmatics, ed. by Paul J. Hopper, 19–43. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, Charles N., and Sandra A. Thompson
1981Mandarin Chinese: A Functional Reference Grammar. California: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Li, Ping
1990Aspect and Aktionsart in Child Mandarin. Doctoral dissertation. University of Leiden.Google Scholar
Li, Ping, and Melissa Bowerman
1998 “The acquisition of lexical and grammatical aspect in Chinese.” First Language 18 (54): 311–350. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, Wendan
2012 “Temporal and aspectual references in Mandarin Chinese.” Journal of Pragmatics 44 (14): 2045–2066. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Liu, Xunning
2002 “现代汉语句尾 “了” 的语法意义及其解说 [The grammatical meaning of sentence final particle le].” 世界汉语教学 [World Chinese Teaching] 31:70–79.Google Scholar
Ma, Lixia
2006Acquisition of the Perfective Aspect Marker Le of Mandarin Chinese in Discourse by American College Learners. Doctoral dissertation. University of Iowa. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Major, Roy C.
2004 “Gender and stylistic variation in second language phonology.” Language Variation and Change 16 (3): 169–188. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sankoff, David, Sali A. Tagliamonte, and Eric Smith
2015Goldvarb Yosemite: A Variable Rule Application for Macintosh. [URL]
Smith, Carlota S.
1997The Parameter of Aspect. Dordrecht: Kluwer. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Su, Danjie, and Hongyin Tao
2018 “Teaching the Mandarin utterance-final particle le through authentic materials.” Chinese as a Second Language Research 7 (1): 15–45. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tai, James H-Y.
1984 “Verb and times in Chinese: Vendler’s four categories.” In Papers from the Parasession on Lexical Semantics, eds. by David Testen, Veena Mishra, and Joseph Drogo, 289–296. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.Google Scholar
Tan, Chunjian
2004 “句尾 “了” 构成的句式, 语义及语用功能 [The syntactic, semantic and pragmatic functions of sentence final le].” 汉语学习 [Chinese Language Learning] 21: 26–31.Google Scholar
T’ung, Ping-cheng, and D. E. Pollard
1982Colloquial Chinese. NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Vendler, Zeno
1967Linguistics in Philosophy. NY: Cornell University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wen, Xiaohong
1995 “Second language acquisition of the Chinese particle le.” International Journal of Applied Linguistics 5 (1): 45–62. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Xiao, Richard, and Tony McEnery
2004Aspect in Mandarin Chinese: A Corpus-based Study. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yang, Jun
2003 “Back to the basics: The basic function of particle le in modern Chinese.” Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association, 38 (1), 77–96.Google Scholar
Zhang, Li
2003 “界变”论—关于现代汉语“了”及其相关现象 [On bounded change]. 汉语学习 [Chinese Language Learning] 11: 17–21.Google Scholar
Zhang, Qing
2001Changing Economy, Changing Market: A Sociolinguistic Study of Chinese Yuppies. Doctoral dissertation. Stanford University.Google Scholar
2005 “A Chinese yuppie in Beijing: Phonological variation and the construction of a new professional identity.” Language in Society 341: 431–466. DOI logoGoogle Scholar