Article published In:
English Text Construction
Vol. 13:2 (2020) ► pp.178211
Ajzen, Icek & Martin Fishbein
1977Attitude-behavior relations: A theoretical analysis and review of empirical research. Psychological Bulletin 841: 888–918. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2005The influence of attitudes on behavior. In The Handbook of Attitudes, Dolores Albarracín, Blair T. Johnson & Mark P. Zanna (eds). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 173–221.Google Scholar
Berns, Margie
2007An empirical approach to the presence of English. In In the Presence of English: Median and European Youth, Margie Berns, Kees de Bot & Ute Hasebrink (eds). Dordrecht: Springer, 43–51. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Best, Catherine T., Gerald W. McRoberts & Elizabeth Goodell
2001Discrimination of non-native consonant contrasts varying in perceptual assimilation to the listener’s native phonological system. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 109 (2): 775–794. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bradac, James. J.
1990Language attitudes and impression formation. In Handbook of Language and Social Psychology, Howard Giles & W. Peter Robinson (eds). Oxford: John Wiley and Sons, 387–412.Google Scholar
Bradac, James. J. & Howard Giles
1991Social and educational consequences of language attitudes. Moderna Språk 851: 1–11.Google Scholar
Carrie, Erin
2017 “British is professional, American is urban”: attitudes towards English reference accents in Spain. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 27 (2): 427–447. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Carrie, Erin & Robert M. McKenzie
2018American or British? L2 speakers’ recognition and evaluations of accent features in English. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 39 (4): 313–328. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Campbell-Kibler, Kathryn
2010The effect of speaker information on attitudes toward (ING). Journal of Language and Social Psychology 29 (2): 214–223. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cooper, Robert. L. & Joshua A. Fishman
1974The study of language attitudes. International Journal of the Sociology of Language 31: 5–19.Google Scholar
Cruttendon, Alan
1994Gimson’s Pronunciation of English (6th ed.). London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
Crystal, David
2012A global language. In English in the World: History, Diversity, Change, Philip Seargeant & Joan Swann (eds). Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge, 151–177.Google Scholar
Dalton-Puffer, Christiane, Gunther Kaltenboeck & Ute Smit
1997Learner attitudes and L2 pronunciation in Austria. World Englishes 16 (1): 115–128. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Deterding, David
1997The formants of monophthong vowels in standard Southern British English pronunciation. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 271: 47–55. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dewaele, Jean-Marc
2005Sociodemographic, psychological and politicocultural correlates in Flemish students’ attitudes towards French and English. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 26 (2): 118–137. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Wilde, Vanessa, Marc Brysbaert & June Eyckmans
2020Learning English through out-of-school exposure. Which levels of language proficiency are attained and which types of input are important? Bilingualism: Language and Cognition 23 (1): 171–185. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dörnyei, Zoltán
2001New themes and approaches in second language motivation research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 211: 43–59. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dörnyei, Zoltán & Ema Ushioda
2009Motivation, language identities and the L2 self: A theoretical overview. In Motivation, Language Identity and the L2 Self, Zoltán Dörnyei & Ema Ushioda (eds). Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 1–9. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dragojevic, Marco & Howard Giles
2013The Reference Frame Effect: An intergroup perspective on language attitudes. Human Communication Research 40 (1): 91–111. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ferguson, Charles A.
1972Soundings: some topics in the study of language attitudes in multilingual areas. Paper presented to the Tri-University Meeting on Language Attitudes, New York, January 1972.Google Scholar
Flege, James Emil, Murray J. Munro & Ian R. A. MacKay
1995Factors affecting strength of perceived foreign accent in a second language. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 971: 3125–3134. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Flemish Education in Figures 2016–2017
2018 Retrieved from [URL]
Gardner, Robert C. & Wallace E. Lambert
1959Motivational variables in second language acquisition. Canadian Journal of Psychology 131: 266–272. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
1972Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.Google Scholar
Garrett, Peter
2010Attitudes to Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Giles, Howard
1970Evaluative reactions to accents. Educational Review 22 (3): 211–227. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Giles, Howard & Nikolas Coupland
1991Language: Contexts and Consequences. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Google Scholar
Goethals, Michaël
1997English in Flanders. World Englishes 16 (1): 105–114. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hillenbrand, John, Laura A. Getty, Michael J. Clark & Kimberlee Wheeler
1995Acoustic characteristics of American English vowels. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 97 (5): 3099–3111. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hiraga, Yuko
2005British attitudes towards six varieties of English in the USA and Britain. World Englishes 24 (3): 289–308. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Isaacs, Talia
2018Shifting sands in second language pronunciation teaching and assessment research and practice. Language Assessment Quarterly 15 (3): 273–293. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jenkins, Jennifer
2002A sociolinguistically based, empirically researched pronunciation syllabus for English as an International Language. Applied Linguistics 231: 83–103. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kachru, Braj B.
1992World Englishes: Approaches, issues and resources. Language Teaching 25 (1): 1. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Krashen, Stephen D.
1981Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Kuppens, An H.
2010Incidental foreign language acquisition from media exposure. Learning, Media and Technology 35 (1): 65–85. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ladegaard, Hans J.
1998National stereotypes and language attitudes: The perception of British, American and Australian language and culture in Denmark. Language and Communication 181: 251–74. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2000Language attitudes and sociolinguistic behaviour: Exploring attitude-behaviour relations in language. Journal of Sociolinguistics 4 (2): 214–233. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ladegaard, Hans J. & Itesh Sachdev
2006‘I like the Americans… but I certainly don’t aim for an American accent’: Language attitudes, vitality and foreign language learning in Denmark. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 271: 97–108. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lambert, Wallace E., R. C. Hodgson, Robert C. Gardner & Samuel Fillenbaum
1960Evaluational reactions to spoken languages. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology 60 (1): 44–51. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
n.d. Retrieved March 16, 2020, from [URL]
Levis, John M.
2005Changing contexts and shifting paradigms in pronunciation teaching. TESOL Quarterly 39 (3): 369–377. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lippi-Green, Rosina
2012English with an Accent: Language, Ideology and Discrimination in the United States. Oxon: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, Murray J. & Tracey M. Derwing
2015A prospectus for pronunciation research in the 21st century: A point of view. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation 1 (1): 11–42. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Officieel en vrij onderwijs, onderwijsnetten en koepels
n.d. Retrieved from [URL]
Preston, Dennis
1989Perceptual Dialectology: Nonlinguists’ Views of Areal Linguistics. Dordrecht: Foris. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rindal, Ulrikke
2010Constructing identity with L2: Pronunciation and attitudes among Norwegian learners of English. Journal of Sociolinguistics 14 (2): 240–261. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rindal, Ulrikke & Caroline Piercy
2013Being “neutral”? English pronunciation among Norwegian learners. World Englishes 32 (2): 211–229. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rosseel, Laura, Dirk Speelman & Dirk Geeraerts
2018Measuring language attitudes using the Personalized Implicit Association Test: A case study on regional varieties of Dutch in Belgium. Journal of Linguistic Geography 6 (1): 20–39. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Samen taalgrenzen verleggen [PDF file]
2011 Retrieved from [URL]
Simon, Ellen
2005How native-like do you want to sound? A study on the pronunciation target of advanced learners of English in Flanders. Moderna Sprak 99 (1): 12–21.Google Scholar
Structure of the population
(2020) Retrieved November 16, 2020, from [URL]
Thomson, Ron I. & Tracy M. Derwing
2014The effectiveness of L2 pronunciation instruction: A narrative review. Applied Linguistics 36 (3): 326–344. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Verhoeven, Jo
2005Belgian Standard Dutch. Journal of the International Phonetic Association 35 (2): 243–247. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wells, John C.
1982Accents of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Xu, Wei, Yu Wang & Rod E. Case
2010Chinese attitudes towards varieties of English: A pre-Olympic examination. Language Awareness 19 (4): 249–260. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yashima, Tomoko
2000Orientations and motivations in foreign language learning: A study of Japanese college students. JACET Bulletin 311: 121–133.Google Scholar