Article published In:
International Journal of Learner Corpus Research
Vol. 4:1 (2018) ► pp.82111
Aarts, F. G. A. M.
1971 “On the distribution of noun-phrase types in English clause-structure”, Lingua 261, 281–293. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Baten, K. & Håkansson, G.
2015 “The development of subordinate clauses in German and Swedish as L2s. A theoretical and methodological comparison”, Studies in Second Language Acquisition 37(3), 517–547. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Beers, S. F. & Nagy, W. E.
2009 “Syntactic complexity as a predictor of adolescent writing quality: Which measures? Which genre?”, Reading and Writing 22(2), 185–200. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2011 “Writing development in four genres from grades three to seven: Syntactic complexity and genre differentiation”, Reading and Writing 24(2), 183–202. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Biber, D. & Conrad, S.
2009Register, Genre, and Style. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Biber, D. & Gray, B.
2011 “Grammatical change in the noun phrase: The influence of written language use”, English Language and Linguistics 15(2), 223–250. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Biber, D., Gray, B., & Poonpon, K.
2011 “Should we use characteristics of conversation to measure grammatical complexity in L2 writing development?”, TESOL Quarterly 45(1), 5–35. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S., & Finegan, E.
1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow: Longman.Google Scholar
Bulté, B.
2013The Development of Complexity in Second Language Acquisition: A Dynamic Systems Approach. Unpublished PhD thesis. University of Brussels.Google Scholar
Bulté, B. & Housen, A.
2012 “Defining and operationalising L2 complexity”. In A. Housen, F. Kuiken, & I. Vedder (Eds.), Dimensions of L2 Performance and Proficiency: Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in SLA. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 21–46. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cambridge English Language Assessment
n.d: online. Common European Framework. Available at: [URL] (accessed December 2017).
Carlsen, C.
2012 “Proficiency level: A fuzzy variable in computer learner corpora”, Applied Linguistics 33(2), 161–183. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Crossley, S. A., Louwerse, M. M., McCarthy, P. M., & McNamara, D. S.
2007 “A linguistic analysis of simplified and authentic texts”, Modern Language Journal 91(2), 15–30. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Crossley, S. A. & McNamara, D. S.
2008 “Assessing L2 reading texts at the intermediate level: An approximate replication of Crossley, Louwerse, McCarthy & McNamara (2007)”, Language Teaching 41(3), 409–429. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
de Haan, P.
1993 “Noun phrase structure as an indication of text variety”. In A. Jucker (Ed.), The Noun Phrase in English: Its Structure and Variability. Heidelberg: Winter, 85–106.Google Scholar
Ellis, N. C.
2012 “What can we count in language, and what counts in language acquisition, cognition, and use?”. In S. Th. Gries & D. Divjak (Eds.), Frequency Effects in Language Learning and Processing. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton, 7–33. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Halliday, Michael A. K.
1989Spoken and Written Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Halliday, Michael A. K. & Martin, J. R.
1993Writing Science: Literacy and Discursive Power. London: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
1996Writing Science: Literacy and Discursive Power. London: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
Hasko, V.
2013 “Capturing the dynamics of second language development via learner corpus research: A very long engagement”, The Modern Language Journal 97(1), 1–10. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hessisches Kultusministerium
2010a: online. “Lehrplan Englisch: Gymnasialer Bildungsgang. Jahrgangsstufen 5G bis 9G”. Available at: [URL] (accessed January 2018).
2010b: online. “Lehrplan Englisch: Gymnasialer Bildungsgang. Gymnasiale Oberstufe”. Available at: [URL] (accessed January 2018).
n.d.: online. “Bildungsstandards und Inhaltsfelder: Das neue Kerncurriculum für Hessen, Sekundarstufe I – Gymnasium. Moderne Fremdsprachen”. Available at: [URL] (accessed January 2018).
Housen, A. & Kuiken, F.
2009 “Complexity, accuracy, and fluency in second language acquisition”, Applied Linguistics 30(4), 461–473. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
König, E. & Gast, V.
2009Understanding English-German Contrasts. Berlin: Erich Schmidt Verlag.Google Scholar
Kreyer, R.
2015 “The Marburg corpus of intermediate learner English (MILE)”. In M. Callies & S. Götz (Eds.), Learner Corpora in Language Testing and Assessment. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 13–34.Google Scholar
2017 “ ‘Multilinguality’ in learner corpora: The case of the MILE”. In A. Nurmi, T. Rütten & P. Pahta (Eds.), Challenging the Myth of Monolingual Corpora. Leiden: Brill, 200–219. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Larsen-Freeman, D.
2006 “The emergence of complexity, fluency and accuracy in the oral and written production of five Chinese learners of English”, Applied Linguistics 27(4), 590–619. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lim, G. S., Geranpayeh, A., Khalifa, H., & Buckendahl, C. W.
2013 “Standard setting to an international reference framework: Implications for theory and practice”, International Journal of Testing 13(1), 32–49. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lowie, W. & Verspoor, M.
2015 “Variability and variation in second language acquisition orders: A dynamic reevaluation”, Language Learning 65(1), 63–88. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lu, X.
2011 “A corpus‐based evaluation of syntactic complexity measures as indices of college‐level ESL writers’ language development”, TESOL Quarterly 45(1), 36–62. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Meunier, F. & Littre, D.
2013 “Tracking learners’ progress: Adopting a dual ‘corpus cum experimental data’ approach”, The Modern Language Journal 97(1), 61–76. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Myles, F.
2012 “Complexity, accuracy and fluency: The role played by formulaic sequences in early interlanguage development”. In A. Housen, F. Kuiken, & I. Vedder (Eds.), Dimensions of L2 Performance and Proficiency: Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in SLA. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 71–94. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ninio, A.
2011Syntactic Development, its Input and Output. Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Norris, J. M. & Ortega, L.
2009 “Towards an organic approach to investigating CAF in instructed SLA: The case of complexity”, Applied Linguistics 30(4), 555–578. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ortega, L.
2003 “Syntactic complexity measures and their relationship to L2 proficiency: A research synthesis of college-level L2 writing”, Applied Linguistics 24(4), 492–518. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2012 “Interlanguage complexity”. In B. Kortmann & B. Szmrecsanyi (Eds.), Linguistic Complexity: Second Language Acquisition, Indigenization, Contact. Berlin: De Gruyter, 127–155.Google Scholar
Ortega, L. & Byrnes, H.
2008 “Theorizing advancedness, setting up the longitudinal research agenda”. In L. Ortega & H. Byrnes (Eds.), The Longitudinal Study of Advanced L2 Capacities. New York, NY: Routledge, 281–299.Google Scholar
Ortega, L. & Iberri-Shea, G.
2005 “Longitudinal research in second language acquisition: Recent trends and future directions”, Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 251, 26–45. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pallotti, G.
2007 “An operational definition of the emergence criterion”, Applied Linguistics 28(3), 361–382. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2015 “A simple view of linguistic complexity”, Second Language Research 31(1), 117–134. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Parkinson, J. & Musgrave, J.
2014 “Development of noun phrase complexity in the writing of English for Academic Purposes students”, Journal of English for Academic Purposes 141, 48–59. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pienemann, M.
1984 “Psychological constraints on the teachability of languages”, Studies in Second Language Acquisition 6(1), 186–214. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
R Core Team
2017R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Available at: [URL].
Taguchi, N., Crawford, W., & Wetzel, D. Z.
2013 “What linguistic features are indicative of writing quality? A case of argumentative essays in a college composition program”, TESOL Quarterly 47(2), 420–430. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Tracy-Ventura, N. & Myles, F.
2015 “The importance of task variability in the design of learner corpora for SLA research”, International Journal of Learner Corpus Research 1(1), 58–95. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Verspoor, M., Lowie, W., & van Dijk, M.
2008 “Variability in second language development from a dynamic systems perspective”, The Modern Language Journal 92(2), 214–231. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Vyatkina, N., Hirschmann, H., & Golcher, F.
2015 “Syntactic modification at early stages of L2 German writing development: A longitudinal learner corpus study”, Journal of Second Language Writing 291, 28–50. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wasow, T.
1997 “Remarks on grammatical weight”, Language Variation and Change 91, 81–105. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 7 other publications

Ahmad, Muhammad, Muhammad Asim Mahmood & Ali Raza Siddique
2023. Determining the L2 academic writing development stage: a corpus-based research on doctoral dissertations. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching 0:0 DOI logo
Bi, Peng & Jingyang Jiang
2020. Syntactic complexity in assessing young adolescent EFL learners’ writings: Syntactic elaboration and diversity. System 91  pp. 102248 ff. DOI logo
Biber, Douglas, Bethany Gray, Shelley Staples & Jesse Egbert
2020. Investigating grammatical complexity in L2 English writing research: Linguistic description versus predictive measurement. Journal of English for Academic Purposes 46  pp. 100869 ff. DOI logo
Biber, Douglas, Randi Reppen, Shelley Staples & Jesse Egbert
Crawford, William J. & Meixiu Zhang
2021. How can register analysis inform task-based language teaching?. Register Studies 3:2  pp. 180 ff. DOI logo
Dirdal, Hildegunn
2022. Development of L2 writing complexity. In Complexity, Accuracy and Fluency in Learner Corpus Research [Studies in Corpus Linguistics, 104],  pp. 81 ff. DOI logo
Schaub, Steffen
2020. Thomas Brunner, Simplicity and typological effects in the emergence of New Englishes: The noun phrase in Singaporean and Kenyan English (Topics in English Linguistics, TiEL 97). Berlin: De Gruyter, 2017. Pp. xix+341. ISBN 9783110516593 (hardback).. English Language and Linguistics 24:1  pp. 256 ff. DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 1 may 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.