Article published In:
ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics
Vol. 174:2 (2023) ► pp.230262
American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, (ACTFL)
(1986) ACTFL proficiency guidelines. Yonkers, NY.Google Scholar
Anam, S., & Stracke, E.
(2020) The role of self-efficacy beliefs in learning English as a foreign language among young Indonesians. TESOL Journal, 11 (1), 1–21. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Anyadubalu, C.
(2010) Self-efficacy, anxiety, and performance in the english language among middle-school students in english language program in Satri Si Suriyothai, Bangkok. International Journal of Social Science, 5 (3), 193–198. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Asakereh, A., & Dehghannezhad, M.
(2015) Student satisfaction with EFL speaking classes: Relating speaking self-efficacy and skills achievement. Issues in Educational Research, 25 (4), 345–363.Google Scholar
Bai, B., Chao, G. C. N., & Wang, C.
(2019) The relationship between social support, self-efficacy, and English language learning achievement in Hong Kong. TESOL Quarterly, 53 (1), 208–221. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bai, B., & Wang, J.
(2020) The role of growth mindset, self-efficacy and intrinsic value in self-regulated learning and English language learning achievements. Language teaching research. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bandura, A.
(1986) Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJGoogle Scholar
(1997) Self-efficacy: The exercise of control Macmillan.Google Scholar
(2006) Guide for constructing self-efficacy scales. Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Adolescents, 5 (307–337)Google Scholar
Bonyadi, A., Nikou, F. R., & Shahbaz, S.
(2012) The relationship between EFL learners’ self-efficacy beliefs and their language learning strategy use. English Language Teaching, 5 (8), 113. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Brislin, R. W.
(1970) Back-translation for cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1 (3), 185–216. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chen, F. F.
(2007) Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 14 (3), 464–504. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Costello, A. B., & Osborne, J.
(2005) Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: Four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis. Practical assessment, research, and evaluation, 10 (1), 7.Google Scholar
Council of Europe
(2001) Common European framework of reference for languages: Learning, teaching, assessment Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
(2020) Common European framework of reference for languages: Learning, teaching, assessment – Companion volume, Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg, available at [URL]
DeVellis, R. F.
(2003) Scale development: Theory and applications (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Dörnyei, Z.
(2000) Motivation in action: Towards a process-oriented conceptualisation of student motivation. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 70 (4), 519–538. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Fabrigar, L. R., Wegener, D. T., MacCallum, R. C., & Strahan, E. J.
(1999) Evaluating the use of exploratory factor analysis in psychological research. Psychological Methods, 4 (3), 272. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Field, A.
(2013) Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics. 4th Edition. Sage.Google Scholar
Ghonsooly, B., and M. Elahi
(2010) Learners self-efficacy in reading and its relation to foreign language reading anxiety and reading achievement. Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, 53 (127): 45–67.Google Scholar
Graham, J. W., Van Horn, M. L., & Taylor, B. J.
(2012) Dealing with the problem of having too many variables in the imputation model. In J. W. Graham (Ed.), Missing data (pp. 213–228). New York, NY: Springer. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Han, J., & Hiver, P.
(2018) Genre-based L2 writing instruction and writing-specific psychological factors: The dynamics of change. Journal of Second Language Writing, 40 1, 44–59. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Harris, J.
(2022) Measuring listening and speaking self-efficacy in EFL contexts: The development of the Communicative SE Questionnaire. Language Teaching Research, Advanced online publication. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hetthong, R., & Teo, A.
(2013) Does writing self-efficacy correlate with and predict writing performance? International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 2 (1), 157–167. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Horwitz, E. K.
(1987) Surveying student beliefs about language learning. In A. L. Wenden, & J. Rubin (Eds.), Learner strategies in language learning (pp. 119–129) Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
Hsieh, P. P., & Kang, H.
(2010) Attribution and self-efficacy and their interrelationship in the korean EFL context. Language Learning, 60 (3), 606–627. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Huang, C.
(2013) Gender differences in academic self-efficacy: A meta-analysis. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28 (1), 1–35. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kim, D. H., Wang, C., Ahn, H. S., & Bong, M.
(2015) English language learners’ self-efficacy profiles and relationship with self-regulated learning strategies. Learning and individual differences, 38 1, 136–142. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kim, D. H., C. Wang, and T. N. N. Truong
(2021) Psychometric Properties of a Self-Efficacy Scale for English Language Learners in Vietnam. Language Teaching Research, Online First Publication. DOI logo.Google Scholar
Kutuk, G., Putwain, D. W., Kaye, L. K., & Garrett, B.
(2022) Relations between gender stereotyping and foreign language attainment: The mediating role of language learners’ anxiety and self-efficacy. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 92 (1). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lavrakas, P. J.
(2008) Encyclopedia of survey research methods. Sage Publications. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Leeming, P.
(2017) A longitudinal investigation into english speaking self-efficacy in a japanese language classroom. Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education, 2 (1), 12. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, Y., & Wang, C.
(2010) An empirical study of reading self-efficacy and the use of reading strategies in the Chinese EFL context. Asian EFL Journal, 12 (2), 144–162.Google Scholar
Loewen, S.
(2014) Introduction to instructed second language acquisition. Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Magogwe, J. M., & Oliver, R.
(2007) The relationship between language learning strategies, proficiency, age and self-efficacy beliefs: A study of language learners in Botswana. System, 35(3), 338–352. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marsh, H. W., Hau, K.-T., & Wen, Z.
(2004) In search of golden rules: Comment on hypothesis-testing approaches to setting cutoff values for fit indexes and dangers in overgeneralizing Hu and Bentler’s (1999) findings. Structural Equation Modeling, 11 (3), 320–341. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marsh, H. W., Pekrun, R., Parker, P. D., Murayama, K., Guo, J., Dicke, T., & Arens, A. K.
(2019) The murky distinction between self-concept and self-efficacy: Beware of lurking jingle-jangle fallacies. Journal of Educational Psychology, 111 (2), 331–353. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
McDermott, M. A. N., & Palchanes, K.
(1994) A literature review of the critical elements in translation theory. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 26 (2), 113–118. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mercer, S., & Williams, M.
(2014) Multiple perspectives on the self in SLA. Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mills, N.
(2014) Self-efficacy in second language acquisition. In S. Mercer, & M. Williams (Eds.), Multiple perspectives on the self in SLA (pp. 6–22). Multilingual Matters Bristol, England. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mills, N., Pajares, F., & Herron, C.
(2006) A reevaluation of the role of anxiety: Self-efficacy, anxiety, and their relation to reading and listening proficiency. Foreign Language Annals, 39 (2), 276–295. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mills, N., & Peron, M.
(2009) Global simulation and writing self-beliefs of intermediate French students. International Journal of Applied Linguistics: Special Issue on Learning and Teaching L2 Writing, 156 1, 239–273. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O.
(2019) Mplus version 8 user’s guide. Los Angeles, CA: Muthén & Muthén.Google Scholar
Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H.
(1994) Psychological theory. New York: MacGraw Hill.Google Scholar
Oxford, R. L.
(1990) Strategy inventory for language learning. In R. L. Oxford (Ed.), Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know (pp. 283–300) Heinle & Heinle, Boston.Google Scholar
Pajares, F.
(1996) Self-efficacy beliefs in academic settings. Review of Educational Research, 66 (4), 543–578. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pajares, F., & Schunk, D. H.
(2002) Self and self-belief in psychology and education: A historical perspective. In J. Aronson (Ed.), Improving academic achievement, pp. 3–21. Academic Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pajares, F., & Schunk, D.
(2005) Self-efficacy and self-concept beliefs. In March, H., Craven, R., & McInerney, D. (eds.). New frontiers for self-research. Greenwich, CT: IAP.Google Scholar
Pintrich, P. R., Smith, D. A., García, T., & McKeachie, W. J.
(1991) A manual for the use of the motivational strategies for learning questionnaire (MSLQ). Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan, National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning.Google Scholar
Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J. Y., & Podsakoff, N. P.
(2003) Common method biases in behavioral research: a critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of applied psychology, 88 (5), 879. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rahimi, M., & Fathi, J.
(2021) Exploring the impact of wiki-mediated collaborative writing on EFL students’ writing performance, writing self-regulation, and writing self-efficacy: a mixed methods study. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 1–48. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Reise, S. P., Moore, T. M., & Haviland, M. G.
(2010) Bifactor models and rotations: Exploring the extent to which multidimensional data yield univocal scale scores. Journal of Personality Assessment, 92 (6), 544–559. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rust, J., & Golombock, S.
(1989) Modern psychometrics: the science of psychological assessment. Routledge, LondonGoogle Scholar
Russell, V., & Murphy-Judy, K.
(2020) Teaching language online: A guide to designing, developing, and delivering online, blended, and flipped language courses. Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schunk, D. H., & Pajares, F.
(2009) Self-efficacy theory. In K. R. Wentzel, & A. Wigfield (Eds.), Handbook of motivation at school (pp. 35–53). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
Schmenk, B.
(2004) Languagelearning: A feminine domain? The role of stereotyping in constructing gendered learner identities. TESOL Quarterly, 38 1, 514–524. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sun, T., Wang, C., Lambert, R. G., & Liu, L.
(2021) Relationship between second language English writing self-efficacy and achievement: A meta-regression analysis. Journal of Second Language Writing, 53 1, DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Teng, L. S., Sun, P. P., & Xu, L.
(2018) Conceptualizing writing self-efficacy in English as a foreign language context: scale validation through structural equation modeling. TESOL Quarterly, 52 1, 911–942. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Truong, T. N. N., & Wang, C.
(2019) Understanding Vietnamese college students’ self-efficacy beliefs in learning English as a foreign language. System, 84 1, 123–132. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wang, C., Kim, D., Bai, R., & Hu, J.
(2014) Psychometric properties of a self-efficacy scale for english language learners in China. System, 44 1, 24–33. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wang, C., Kim, D., Bong, M., & Ahn, H. S.
(2013) Examining measurement properties of an English self-efficacy scale for English language learners in Korea. International Journal of Educational Research, 59 1, 24–34. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
West, R., Guven, A., & Ergenekon, T.
(2015) The state of English in higher education in Turkey. A baseline study. Ankara: Yorum Press.Google Scholar
Widaman, K. F., Little, T. D., Preacher, K. J., & Sawalani, G. M.
(2011) On creating and using short forms of scales in secondary research. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Winke, P.
(2014) Testing hypotheses about language learning using structural equation modeling. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 34 1, 102–122. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Woodrow, L.
(2011) College english writing affect: Self-efficacy and anxiety. System, 39 (4), 510–522. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Worthington, R. L., & Whittaker, T. A.
(2006) Scale development research: A content analysis and recommendations for best practices. The counseling psychologist, 34 (6), 806–838. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yang, N.
(1999) The relationship between EFL learners’ beliefs and learning strategy use. System, 27 (4), 515–535. DOI logoGoogle Scholar