Article published In:
Journal of Second Language Pronunciation
Vol. 5:3 (2019) ► pp.374401
Babel, M., & Johnson, K.
(2010) Accessing psycho-acoustic perception and language-specific perception with speech sounds. Laboratory Phonology, 1(1), 179–205. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Baker, W., & Trofimovich, P.
(2006) Perceptual paths to accurate production of L2 vowels: The role of individual differences. IRAL, 44(3), 231–250. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Baker, W., Trofimovich, P., Flege, J. E., Mack, M., & Halter, R.
(2008) Child-adult differences in second language phonetic learning: The role of cross-language similarity. Language and Speech, 51(4), 317–342. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bernini, G.
(2016) La realisation phonique des mots en début d’apprentissage de langues seconds. Revue française de linguistique appliquée, xxi1, 139–151. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Best, C. T.
(1995) A direct realist view of cross-language speech perception. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 171–204). Timonium, MD: York Press.Google Scholar
Best, C. T., McRoberts, G. W., & Goodell, E.
(2001) Discrimination of non-native consonant contrasts varying in perceptual assimilation to the listener’s native phonological system. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 109(2), 775–794. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bialystok, E.
(1997) The structure of age: In search of barriers to second language acquisition. Second Language Research, 13(2), 116–137. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bukmaier, V. & Harrington, J.
(2016) The articulatory and acoustic characteristics of Polish sibilants and their consequences for diachronic change. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 46(3), 311–329. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cenoz, J.
(2002a) Age of learning and oral production in the third language. Interface. Journal of Applied Linguistics, 16(2), 63–73.Google Scholar
(2002b) Age differences in foreign language learning. ITL Review of Applied Linguistics, 135–1361, 125–142. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Bot, K.
(2014) The effectiveness of early foreign language learning in the Netherlands. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 41, 409–418. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Bot, K., Lowie, W., & Verspoor, M.
(2007) A dynamic systems approach to second language acquisition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 10(1), 7–21. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
DeKeyser, R.
(2003) Implicit and explicit learning. In C. Doughty, & M. H. Long (Eds.), The Handbook of Second Language Acquisition (pp. 313–348). Malden, MA: Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Flege, J. E.
(1995) Second-language speech learning: Theory, findings, and problems. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp. 229–273). Timonium, MD: York Press.Google Scholar
Dimroth, C., Rast, R., Starren, M., & Watorek, M.
Fullana, N.
(2006) The development of English (FL) perception and production skills: Starting age and exposure effects. In C. Muñoz (Ed.), Age and the Rate of Foreign Language Learning (pp. 41–64). Bristol: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
García Lecumberri, M., & Gallardo, F.
(2003) English FL sounds in school learners of different ages. In M. García Mayo, & M. García Lecumberri (Eds.), Age and the Acquisition of English as a Foreign Language (pp. 115–135). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jähi, K., Taimi, L., Peltola, K. U., Alku, P., & Peltola, M. S.
(2016) The effect of non-native production training in different age groups. Poster presented at New Sounds 2016, 10–12 June 2016, Aarhus University.
Jessner, U.
(2014) On multilingual awareness or why the multilingual learner is a specific language learner. In L. Aronin, & M. Pawlak (Eds.), Essential Topics in Applied Linguistics and Multilingualism. Studies in Honor of David Singleton (pp. 175–184). Heidelberg: Springer. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kopečková, R.
(2011) Learning vowel sounds in a migrant setting: The case of Polish children and adults in Ireland. In M. Wrembel, M. Kul, & K. Dziubalska-Kołaczyk (Eds.), Achievements and Perspectives in SLA of Speech: New Sounds 2010. Volume II1 (pp. 137–148). Oxford: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
(2012) Differences in L2 segmental perception: The effects of age and L2 learning experience. In C. Muñoz (Ed.), Intensive Exposure Experiences in Second Language Learning (pp. 234–255). Bristol: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2018) Exploring metalinguistic awareness in L3 phonological acquisition: the case of young instructed learners of Spanish in Germany. Language Awareness, 27(1–2), 153–166. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Larson-Hall, J.
(2008) Weighing the benefits of studying a foreign language at a younger starting age in a minimal input situation. Second Language Research, 24(1), 35–63. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lisker, L.
(2001) Hearing the Polish sibilants [s š ś]: phonetic and auditory judgements. In N. Grønnum, & J. Rischel (Eds.), Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Copenhague XXXI. To Honour Eli Fischer-Jørgensen (pp. 226–238). Copenhagen: C.A. Reitzel.Google Scholar
Lowie, W.
(2011) Early L2 phonology: A dynamic approach. In M. Wrembel, M. Kul, & K. Dziubalska-Kolaczyk (Eds.), Achievements and Perspectives in SLA of Speech: New Sounds 2010, Volume 21 (pp. 159–170). Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Morales Reyes, A., Arechabaleta-Regulez, B., & Montrul, S.
(2017) Acquisition of rhotics by child L2 and L3 learners. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, 3(2), 242–266. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
McGuire, G.
(2007) English listeners perception of Polish alveopalatal and retroflex voiceless sibilants: A pilot study. UC Berkeley Phonological Lab Annual Report, pp. 391–415.Google Scholar
Muñoz, C.
(Ed) (2006) Age and the Rate of Foreign Language Learning. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2014a) Contrasting effects of starting age and input on the oral performance of foreign language learners. Applied Linguistics, 351, 463–482. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2014b) The association between aptitude components and language skills in young learners. In M. Pawlak, & L. Aronin (Eds.), Essential Topics in Applied Linguistics and Multilingualism (pp. 51–68). Heidelberg: Springer. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Myles, F., & Mitchell, R.
(2012) Learning French from ages 5, 7 and 11: An investigation into starting ages, rates and routes of learning amongst early foreign language learner. ESRC End of Award Report RES-062-23-1545. Swindon: ESRC.Google Scholar
Nittrouer, S.
(1992) Age-related differences in perceptual effects of formant transitions within syllables and across syllable boundaries. Journal of Phonetics, 201, 1–32. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2002) Learning to perceive speech: How fricative perception changes, and how it stays the same. The Journal of the Acoustic Society of America, 112(2), 711–719. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Nowak, P.
(2006) The role of vowel transitions and frication noise in the perception of Polish sibilants. Journal of Phonetics, 34(2), 139–152. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pfenninger, S., & Singleton, D.
(2016) Affect trumps age: A person-in-context relational view of age and motivation in SLA. Second Language Research, 32(3), 311–345. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2017) Beyond Age Effects in Instructional L2 Learning. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rogers, V., Meara, P., Barnett-Legh, T., Curry, C., & Davie, E.
(2017) Examining the LLAMA aptitude tests. Journal of the European Second Language Association, 1(1), 49–60. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sharwood Smith, M.
(1994) Second Language Learning: Theoretical Foundations. London: Longman.Google Scholar
Shoemaker, E.
(2016) The development of perceptual sensitivity to Polish sibilants at first exposure. In A. Albright, & M. A. Fullwood (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2014 Annual Meeting on Phonology. Washington, DC: Linguistic Society of America. Available from [URL]. DOI logo
Shoemaker, E., & Rast, R.
(2013) Extracting words from the L2 speech stream: a first exposure study. Second Language Research, 29(2), 35–53. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Singleton, D.
(2014) Apt to change: The problematic of language awareness and language aptitude in age-related research. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 4(3), 55–571. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Singleton, D., & Ryan, L.
(2004) Language Acquisition: The Age Factor. 2nd edition. Bristol: Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Strange, W., & Shafer, V. L.
(2008) Speech perception in second language learners. In J. G. Hansen Edwards, & M. L. Zampini (Eds.), Phonology and Second Language Acquisition (pp. 153–191). Amsterdam/ Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Thompson, T., & Gaddes, M.
(2005) The importance of teaching pronunciation to adult learners. Asian EFL Journal 2. Available from [URL]
Tsukada, K., Birdsong, D., Bialystok, E., Mack, M., Sung, H., & Flege, J. E.
(2005) A developmental study of English vowel production and perception by native Korean adults and children. Journal of Phonetics, 33(3), 263–290. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Van Geert, P.
(2008) The Dynamic Systems approach in the study of L1 and L2 acquisition: An introduction. The Modern Language Journal, 921, 179–199. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wrembel, M.
(2015a) Metaphonological awareness in multilinguals: A case of L3 Polish. Language Awareness, 24(1), 60–83. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 6 other publications

Bondarenko, Margaryta, Brianna Butera & Rajiv Rao
2022. Voice onset time (VOT) of L3 Spanish /ptk/ by multilingual heritage speakers of Ukrainian and Polish. EuroAmerican Journal of Applied Linguistics and Languages 9:1  pp. 28 ff. DOI logo
Hu, Nan, Yongyi Bi & Gengxin Sun
2022. Multimodal Intelligent Acoustic Sensor-Assisted English Pronunciation Signal Acquisition and Phonetic Calibration. Journal of Sensors 2022  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Immonen, Katja, Paavo Alku & Maija S. Peltola
Nelson, Christina
2020. The younger, the better? Speech perception development in adolescent vs. adult L3 learners. Yearbook of the Poznan Linguistic Meeting 6:1  pp. 27 ff. DOI logo
Schertz, Jessamyn & Elizabeth K. Johnson
2022. Voice Onset Time Imitation in Teens Versus Adults. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research 65:5  pp. 1839 ff. DOI logo
Wrembel, Magdalena, Ulrike Gut, Romana Kopečková & Anna Balas
2024. The relationship between the perception and production of L2 and L3 rhotics in young multilinguals; an exploratory cross-linguistic study. International Journal of Multilingualism 21:1  pp. 92 ff. DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 3 may 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.