Article published In:
Journal of Second Language Pronunciation
Vol. 3:1 (2017) ► pp.5779
References
Abercrombie, D
(1949) Teaching pronunciation. English Language Teaching, 31, 113–122. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Abbott, G
(1991) A new look at phonological ‘redundancy’. In A. Brown (Ed.), Teaching English pronunciation: A book of readings (pp. 225–234). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Bailey, B
(2004) Misunderstanding. In A. Duranti (Ed.), A companion to linguistic anthropology (pp. 395–413). Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Bardovi-Harlig, K
(2007) One functional approach to second language acquisition: the concept-oriented approach. In B. Van Patten & J. Williams (Eds.), Theories in second language acquisition: An introduction (pp. 57–75). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Beckner, C., Blythe, R., Bybee, J., Christiansen, M. H., Croft, W., Ellis, N.C., Holland, J., Ke, J., Larsen-Freeman, D., & Schoenemann, T
(2009) Language is a complex adaptive system: Position paper. Language Learning, 59(s1), 1–26. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bent, T., Bradlow, A. R., & Smith, B. L
(2007) Phonemic errors in different word positions and their effects on intelligiblity of non-native speech. In O.S. Bohn & M. J. Munro (Eds.), Language experience in second language speech learning: In honor of James Emil Flege (pp. 331–347). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bond, Z. S
(1999) Slips of the ear: Errors in the perception of casual conversation. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Brown, A
(1988) Functional load and the teaching of pronunciation. TESOL Quarterly, 22(4), 593–606. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(1991) Pronunciation models. Singapore: Singapore University Press.Google Scholar
Bybee, J
(2001) Phonology and language use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bybee, J., & Hopper, P. J
(2001) Introduction to frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure. In J. Bybee & P.J. Hopper (Eds.), Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure (pp. 1–24). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Catford, J. C
(1987) Phonetics and the Teaching of Pronunciation. In J. Morley (Ed.), Current perspectives on pronunciation: Practices anchored in theory (pp. 83–100). Washington, DC: TESOL.Google Scholar
(1988) Functional load and diachronic phonology. In Y. Tobin (Ed.), The Prague School and its legacy (pp. 3–19). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Croft, W
(2000) Explaining language change: An evolutionary approach. Harlow: Longman.Google Scholar
Denes, P. B
(1963) On the statistics of spoken English. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 351, 892–904. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., & Munro, M. J
(2009) Comprehensibility as a factor in listener interaction preferences: Implications for the workplace. Canadian Modern Language Review, 66(2), 181–202. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., Rossiter, M. J., & Munro, M. J
(2002) Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 23(4), 245–259. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Deterding, D
(2013) Misunderstandings in English as a lingua franca: An analysis of ELF interactions in South-East Asia. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dziubalska-Kolaczyk, K., & Przedlacka, J
(Eds.) (2005) English pronunciation models: A changing scene. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
Elder-Vass, D
(2012) The reality of social construction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Field, J
(2005) Intelligibility and the listener: The role of lexical stress. TESOL Quarterly, 39(3), 399–423. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gimson, A. C
(1962) Introduction to the pronunciation of English. London: Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
Gilner, L., & Morales, F
(2010) Functional load: Transcription and analysis of the 10,000 most frequent words in spoken English. The Buckingham Journal of Language and Linguistics, 31, 135–162.Google Scholar
Givón, T
(1995) Functionalism and Grammar. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hahn, L
(2004) Primary stress and intelligibility: Research to motivate the teaching of suprasegmentals. TESOL Quarterly, 381, 201–223. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Harris, R
(1978) Communication and language. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Reprinted in Love, N. (Ed.) (1990). The foundations of linguistic theory : Selected writings of Roy Harris (pp. 136-150). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Hopper, P. J
(1998) Emergent grammar. In M. Tomasello (Ed.), The new psychology of language (pp. 155–175). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Hung, T. N
(2000) Towards a phonology of Hong Kong English. World Englishes, 19(3), 337–356. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jakobson, R
(1931) Prinzipien der historischen Phonologie. Travaux de Cercle Linguistique du Prague, 41, 247–267.Google Scholar
Jenkins, J
(2000) The phonology of English as an international language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
(2002) A sociolinguistically based, empirically researched pronunciation syllabus for English as an international language. Applied Linguistics, 23(1), 83–103. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2005) Teaching pronunciation for English as a lingua franca: A sociopolitical perspective. In C. Gnutzmann & F. Intemann (Eds.), The globalisation of English and the English language classroom (pp. 145–158). Tübingen: Narr.Google Scholar
Jenkins, J., Cogo, A., & Dewey, M
(2011) Review of developments in research into English as a lingua franca. Language Teaching, 44(3), 281–315. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kennedy, S
(2012) When nonnative speakers misunderstand each other: Identifying important aspects of pronunciation. Contact Magazine, 38(2), 49–62. Retrieved from [URL] Google Scholar
Kirkpatrick, A
(2007) World Englishes: Implications for international communication and English language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lawson, T
(1997) Economics and reality. London: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Levis, J. M
(2005) Changing contexts and shifting paradigms in pronunciation teaching. TESOL Quarterly, 39(3), 369–377. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2016) The interaction of research and pedagogy. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, 2(1), 1–7. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lindemann, S., Campbell, M. A., Litzenberg, J., & Close Subtirelu, N
MacKenzie, I
(2014) English as a lingua franca; Theorizing and teaching English. London: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marslen-Wilson, W., & Zwitserlood, P
(1989) Accessing spoken words: The importance of word onsets. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 15(3), 576–585. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mesthrie, R
(2010) Contact and African Englishes. In R. Hickey (Ed.), The handbook of language contact (pp. 518–537). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Meyerstein, R. S
(1970) Functional load: Descriptive limitations, alternatives of assessment and extensions of application (Janua Linguarum, Series Minor 99). The Hague: Mouton. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mines, M. A., Hanson, B. F., & Shoup, J. E
(1978) Frequency of occurrence of phonemes in conversational English. Language and Speech, 21(3), 221–241. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, M. J., & Derwing, T. M
(2006) The functional load principle in ESL pronunciation instruction: An exploratory study. System, 34(4), 520–531. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, M. J., Derwing, T. M. & Morton ,S
(2006) The mutual intelligibility of L2 speech. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 28(01), 111–131. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Munro, M. J., & Derwing, T. M
(2015) A prospectus for pronunciation research in the 21st century: A point of view. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, 1(1), 11–42. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Nelson, C. L
(2008) Intelligibility since 1969. World Englishes, 27(3–4), 297–308. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2011) Intelligibility in World Englishes: Theory and application. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Norris, D., McQueen, J., & Cutler, A
(1995) Competition and segmentation in spoken-word recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21(5), 1209–1228. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pickering, L
(2006) Current research on intelligibility in English as a Lingua Franca. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 261, 219–233. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Reddy, M. J
(1993) The conduit metaphor: A case of frame conflict in our language about language. In A. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed., pp. 164–201). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rischel, J
(2007) Sound structure in language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Rogerson-Revell, P
(2011) English phonology and pronunciation teaching. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
Schachter, J
(1974) An error in error analysis. Language Learning, 24(2), 205–214. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schreier, D
(2005) Consonant change in English worldwide. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shannon, C
(1951) Prediction and entropy of printed English. Bell System Technical Journal, 30(1), 50–64. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Smith, L. E., & Nelson, C. L
(1985) International intelligibility of English: Directions and resources. World Englishes, 4(3), 333–342. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Surendran, D., & Niyogi, P
(2003) Measuring the usefulness (functional load) of phonological contrasts. Technical Report TR-2003–12, Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago.Google Scholar
(2006) Quantifying the functional load of phonemic oppositions, distinctive features, and suprasegmentals. In O. Nedergaard Thomsen (Ed.), Competing models of linguistic change (pp. 43–58). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sweet, H
1964 [1899]The practical study of languages. London: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Walker, R
(2010) Teaching the pronunciation of English as a lingua franca. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Weber, A., & Cutler, A
(2004) Lexical competition in non-native spoken-word recognition. Journal of Memory and Language, 50(1), 1–15. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yazan, B
(2015) Intelligibility. ELT Journal, 69(2), 202–204. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zielinski, B. W
(2008) The listener: No longer the silent partner in reduced intelligibility. System, 36(1), 69–84. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 20 other publications

Alnafisah, Mutleb, Erik Goodale, Ivana Rehman, John Levis & Tim Kochem
2022. The impact of functional load and cumulative errors on listeners' judgments of comprehensibility and accentedness. System 110  pp. 102906 ff. DOI logo
Aoyagi, Makiko & Yue Wang
2022. Who is Fu? – Perception of L2 sounds that are partially neutralized in L1. Journal of Phonetics 94  pp. 101171 ff. DOI logo
Barrera-Pardo, Darío
2022. Testing the Lingua Franca Core: The intelligibility of flaps. Social Sciences & Humanities Open 6:1  pp. 100313 ff. DOI logo
Chan, Jim Yee Him
2022. The Evolution of Assessment in English Pronunciation: The Case of Hong Kong (1978-2018). Language Assessment Quarterly 19:1  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
Crowther, Dustin
2020. Rating L2 speaker comprehensibility on monologic vs. interactive tasks. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation 6:1  pp. 96 ff. DOI logo
Emara, Ingy Farouk & Nabil Hamdy Shaker
2024. The impact of non-native English speakers’ phonological and prosodic features on automatic speech recognition accuracy. Speech Communication 157  pp. 103038 ff. DOI logo
Gardiner, Ishamina Athirah
2019. Intelligibility of an L2 variety in ELF interactions. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation 5:2  pp. 247 ff. DOI logo
Levis, John M.
2018. Intelligibility, Oral Communication, and the Teaching of Pronunciation, DOI logo
Levis, John M.
2021. Chapter 2. Connecting the dots between pronunciation research and practice. In English Pronunciation Instruction [AILA Applied Linguistics Series, 19],  pp. 18 ff. DOI logo
Li, Junkai & Delin Deng
2022. Neutralisation et fortition en interphonologie laryngale du français. Langue française N° 215:3  pp. 103 ff. DOI logo
Munro, Murray J.
2021. On the Difficulty of Defining “Difficult” in Second-Language Vowel Acquisition. Frontiers in Communication 6 DOI logo
Munro, Murray J.
2022. Variability in L2 Vowel Production: Different Elicitation Methods Affect Individual Speakers Differently. Frontiers in Psychology 13 DOI logo
O'Neal, George
2021. What is the effect of successive segmental repair on the mutual intelligibility of ELF users?. System 103  pp. 102683 ff. DOI logo
O’Neal, George
2023. Does contextual information within a sentence affect the relationship between word level intelligibility and the Functional Load principle among ELF users? A preliminary study. Asian Englishes  pp. 1 ff. DOI logo
O’Neal, George & Lance Latham
2023. Does the Functional Load Principle Predict How Important Phonemic Contrasts Are to Intelligibility Among ELF Users? A Partial Replication of Munro and Derwing (2006) From an ELF Perspective. Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics 46:1  pp. 3 ff. DOI logo
Sewell, Andrew
2021. Functional Load and the Teaching-Learning Relationship in L2 Pronunciation. Frontiers in Communication 6 DOI logo
Thir, Veronika
2020. International intelligibility revisited. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation 6:3  pp. 458 ff. DOI logo
Thir, Veronika
2022. International intelligibility revisited. In The Evolution of Pronunciation Teaching and Research [Benjamins Current Topics, 121],  pp. 181 ff. DOI logo
Zhang, Wei & John M. Levis
2021. The Southwestern Mandarin /n/-/l/ Merger: Effects on Production in Standard Mandarin and English. Frontiers in Communication 6 DOI logo
[no author supplied]
2020.  L ist of Sources . In Applying Phonetics,  pp. 207 ff. DOI logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 3 june 2024. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.