Article published In:
Current State of Second Language Studies in Japan
Edited by John Matthews and Shigenori Wakabayashi
[Journal of Second Language Studies 6:2] 2023
► pp. 210237
Amano, S., Kondo, M. & Yamakawa, K.
(2021) “Predicting and classifying Japanese singleton and geminate consonants using logarithmic duration”. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 150 (3), 1830–1843, September 2021. DOI logo Google Scholar
Anderson-Hsieh, J., Johnson, R. & Koehler, K.
(1992) The relationship between native speaker judgments of non-native pronunciation and deviance in segmentals, prosody, and syllable structure. Language Learning, vol. 42, no. 4, 529–555. DOI logo Google Scholar
Anwyl-Irvine, A. L., Dalmaijer, E. S., Hodges, N., & Evershed, J. K.
(2021) Realistic precision and accuracy of online experiment platforms, web browsers, and devices. Behavior Research Methods. DOI logo Google Scholar
Anwyl-Irvine, A. L., Massonié, J., Flitton, A., Kirkham, N. Z., & Evershed, J. K.
(2019) Gorilla in our midst: an online behavioral experiment builder. Behavior Research Methods. DOI logo Google Scholar
Bates, D., Maechler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S.
(2015) Fitting Linear Mixed-Effects Models Using lme4. Journal of Statistical Software, 67(1), 1–48. DOI logo Google Scholar
Bengrait, N.
(2020) Analysis of Algerian students English intonation deviations with the employment of speech analyzer and Praat programmes. Journal of Studies in Language, Culture and Society, 3 (1), 27–65.Google Scholar
Bent, T. & Bradlow, A. R.
(2003) The interlanguage speech intelligibility benefit. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 114 (3), September 2003 DOI logo Google Scholar
Boersma, P. & Weenink, D.
(2022) Praat: doing phonetics by computer [Computer program]. Version 6.2.14, retrieved 24 May 2022 from [URL]
Bolton, K.
(2004) World Englishes. In A. Davies, & C. Elder, (Eds.), Handbook of Applied Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell, 367–396. DOI logo Google Scholar
Campbell, N. & Sagisaka, Y.
(1991) Moraic and Syllable-level Effects on Speech Timing. Journal of Electronic Information Communication Engineering SP 90–107 1, 35–40.Google Scholar
Celce-Murcia, M., Brinton, D. M., Goodwin, J. M. & Griner, B.
(2010) Teaching Pronunciation: A course Book and Reference Guide (2nd eds.). New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Collins, B. & Mees, I. M.
(2013) Practical Phonetics and Phonology – A resource book for Students (3rd ed.). London: Routledge. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cruttenden, A.
(2014) Gimson’s Pronunciation of English (8th ed.). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Dauer, R.
(1983) Stress-timing and syllable-timing re-analyzed. Journal of Phonetics, 11 1, 52–62. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Derwing, T. M., & Munro, M. J.
(2015) Pronunciation fundamentals: Evidence-based perspectives for L2 teaching and research (Vol. 421). John Benjamins Publishing Company. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Fayer, J. M. & Krasinski, E.
(1987) Native and nonnative judgments of intelligibility and irritation. Language Learning, 37 1, 313–326. DOI logo Google Scholar
Fox, J. & Weisberg, S.
(2019) An {R} Companion to Applied Regression, Third Edition. Thousand Oaks CA: Sage. URL:[URL]
Ganong, W. F.
(1980) Phonetic categorization in auditory word perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 6 (1), 110–125. DOI logo Google Scholar
García Lecumberri, M. L., Barra-Chicote, B., Pérez Ramón, R., Yamagishi, J., & Cooke, M.
(2014) Generating segmental foreign accent. Proceedings of Interspeech 2014 1303–1306. DOI logo Google Scholar
Grice, M. & Bauman, S.
(2007) An Introduction to Intonation –Functions and Models, In J. Trouvain, & G. Ulrike (Eds), Non-native Prosody: Phonetic Description and Teaching Practice, 25–52, Mouton de Gruyter. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gut, U.
(2003) Non-native speech rhythm in German. Proceedings of 15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Barcelona, Spain, 3–9 August 2003, 2437–2440.Google Scholar
Han, M. S.
(1994) Mora timing in Japanese, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 96–1 1, 73–82. DOI logo Google Scholar
Hayes, B.
(1982) Extrametricality and English stress. Linguistic Inquiry, 13 (2), 227–76.Google Scholar
Henter, G. E., Lorenzo-Trueba, J., Wang, X., Kondo, M., & Yamagishi, J.
(2018) Cyborg speech: Deep multilingual speech synthesis for generating segmental foreign accent with natural prosody. 2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics. Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 4799–4803. IEEE. DOI logo Google Scholar
Hillenbrand, J. M., Getty, L. A., Clark, M. J., & Wheeler, K.
(1995) Acoustic characteristics of American English vowels. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 97 (5 Pt 1): 3099–3111. DOI logo Google Scholar
Hillenbrand, J. M., Clark, M. J., & Houde, R. A.
(2000) Some effects of duration on vowel recognition. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 108 1: 3013–22. DOI logo Google Scholar
Hirahara, T. & Yamada, R.
(2004) Acoustic Characteristics of Japanese Vowels. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress on Acoustics, Kyoto, IV-3287-3290.Google Scholar
Hirschberg, J.
(2002) Communication and Prosody: Functional Aspects of Prosody. Speech Communication, Volume 36, Issues 1–2, 31–43. DOI logo Google Scholar
Horslund, C. S. & Van Nostrand, P. F.
(2022) Segmental error patterns in Finnish-accented English. European Journal of Applied Linguistics, Vol. 10 (1), 109–141. DOI logo Google Scholar
Kachru, B. B.
(1985) Standards, codification and socio-Segmental Variation of Japanese Speakers’ English linguistic realism: The English language in the outer circle. In R. Quirk & H. G. Widdowson (Eds.), English in the world: Teaching and learning the language and literatures, 11–30. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
(1992) Teaching world Englishes. In B. B. Kachru (Ed.), The other tongue: English across cultures. University of Illinois Press, 355–366.Google Scholar
Kirkpatrick, A. & Deterding, D.
(2011) World Englishes. In J. Simpson (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Applied Linguistics. London: Routledge, 373–387. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kochanski, G., Grabe, E., Coleman, J. & Rosner, B.
(2005) Loudness predicts prominence: fundamental frequency lends little. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 118(2), 1038–1054. DOI logo Google Scholar
Kochanski, G. & Orphanidou, C.
(2008) What marks the beat of speech?. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123 (5), 2780–91. DOI logo Google Scholar
Kondo, M.
(2009) Is Acquisition of L2 Phonemes Difficult? Production of English Stress by Japanese Speakers. Proceedings of the 10th Generative Approaches to Second Language Acquisition Conference (GASLA 2009), 105–112. Somerville, MA.Google Scholar
(2013) Allophonic Variation in Japanese Consonants and Problems of Second Language Production’. in J. van de Veijer & T. Nishihara (Eds.). Current Issues in Japanese Phonology: Segmental Variation in Japanese, 35–51, Kaitakusha: Tokyo.Google Scholar
Kondo, M., Tsubaki, H. & Sagisaka, Y.
(2015) Segmental Variation of Japanese Speakers’ English: Analysis of “the North Wind and the Sun” in AESOP Corpus”. Journal of the Phonetic Society of Japan, 19 (1), April, 3–17.Google Scholar
Konishi, T. & Kondo, M.
(2015) Developmental Change in English Stress Manifestation by Japanese Speakers. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Science, Glasgow, UK, Paper No. 10291, 10–14 August, 2015.Google Scholar
Konishi, T., Yun, J. & Kondo, M.
(2018) Acoustic correlates of L2 English Stress- Comparison of Japanese English and Korean English. Phonetics and Speech Sciences, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 9–14. DOI logo Google Scholar
Koster, C. J. & Koet, T.
(1993) The evaluation of accent in the English of Dutchmen. Language Learning, 431, 69–92. DOI logo Google Scholar
Lee, B., Guion, S. G., & Harada, T.
(2006) Acoustic analysis of the production of unstressed English vowels by early and late Korean and Japanese bilinguals. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 28 (3), 487–513. DOI logo Google Scholar
Lee, J., Kim, D. J., & Park, H.
(2019) Native listeners’ evaluations of pleasantness, foreign accent, comprehensibility, and fluency in the speech of accented talkers. Proceedings of the 10th Annual Pronunciation in Second Language Learning and Teaching Conference, 168–178.Google Scholar
Length, R. V.
(2021) emmeans: Estimated Marginal Means, aka Least-Squares Means. R package version 1.5.4. [URL]
Levi, S. V., Winters, S. J., & Pisoni, D. B.
(2007) Speaker-independent factors affecting the perception of foreign accent in a second language. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 121 (4), 2327–2338. DOI logo Google Scholar
Levis, J. M.
(2018) Intelligibility, Oral Communication, and the Teaching of Pronunciation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logo Google Scholar
Meng, H., Tseng, C., Kondo, M., Harrison, A. M. & Visceglia, T.
(2009) Studying L2 Suprasegmental Features in Asian Englishes: A Position Paper. The Proceedings of 2009 INTERSPEECH, 1715–1718, Brighton, UK, September, 2009. DOI logo Google Scholar
Mullennix, J. W., Pisoni, D. B., & Martin, C. S.
(1989) Some effects of talker variability on spoken word recognition. The Journal of the acoustical society of America, 85 (1), 365–378. DOI logo Google Scholar
Munro, M. J. & Derwing, T. M.
(1995) Foreign Accent, Comprehensibility, and Intelligibility in the Speech of Second Language Learners. Language Learning. 45:1. 73–97. DOI logo Google Scholar
(2001) Modeling perceptions of the accentedness and comprehensibility of L2 speech: The role of speaking rate. Studies in Second Language Acquisition. 23 (4): 451–468. DOI logo Google Scholar
(2020) Foreign accent, comprehensibility and intelligibility, redux. Journal of Second Language Pronunciation, Volume 6, Issue 3, Nov 2020, 283–309. DOI logo Google Scholar
NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute (Ed.)
(2016) NHK Nihongo Hatsuon Accent Shin-Dictionary (NHK New Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary). Tokyo: NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute [NHK Hoso Bunka Kenkyujo].Google Scholar
Nogita, A., Yamane, N., & Bird, S.
(2013) The Japanese unrounded back vowel/ɯ/is in fact rounded central/front [ʉ-ʏ]. Ultrafest VI Program and Abstract Booklet, 39–42, Sitert av 15 Beslektede artikler. DOI logo Google Scholar
Pérez-Ramón, R., Cooke, M. & García Lecumberri, M. L.
(2020) Is segmental foreign accent perceived categorically?. Speech Communication, 117 1, 28–37. DOI logo Google Scholar
Pérez-Ramón, R., García Lecumberri, M. L., & Cooke, M.
(2022) Foreign accent strength and intelligibility at the segmental level. Speech Communication, 137 1, 70–76. DOI logo Google Scholar
Pérez-Ramón, R. & Kondo, M.
(2021) Relationship between reaction time and nativeness rating. The proceedings of the 35th Japan Phonetic Society Annual Meeting, 95–100, 25–26 September, 2021.Google Scholar
Polyanskaya, L., Ordin, M., & Busa, M. G.
(2017) Relative salience of speech rhythm and speech rate on perceived foreign accent in a second language. Language and Speech, 60 (3), 333–355. DOI logo Google Scholar
Port, R. F., Dalby, J. & O’Dell, M.
(1987) Evidence for Mora Timing in Japanese, Journal of the Acoustic Society of America, 81 1: 51, 1574–1585. DOI logo Google Scholar
Price, P., Ostendorf, M., Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. & Fong, C.
(1991) The Use of Prosody in Syntactic Disambiguation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 90 (6), 2956–2970. DOI logo Google Scholar
R Core Team
(2020) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL [URL]
RStudio Team
(2020) RStudio: Integrated Development for R. RStudio, PBC, Boston, MA.Google Scholar
Roach, P.
(1982) On the distinction between ‘stress-timed’ and ‘syllable-timed’ language. In D. Crystal (Ed.), Linguistic controversies: essays in linguistic theory in honour of F. R. Palmer. London: Arnold.Google Scholar
Rogerson-Revell, P.
(2011) English Phonology and Pronunciation Teaching. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rognoni, L. & Busà, M. G.
(2014) Testing the effects of segmental and suprasegmental phonetic cues in foreign accent rating: An experiment using prosody transplantation. Proceeding of the International Symposium on the Acquisition of Second Language Speech, Concordia Working Papers in Applied Linguistics (Vol. 51). 547–560.Google Scholar
Saito, K.
(2021) What characterizes comprehensible and native-like pronunciation among English-as-a-second-language speakers? Meta-analyses of phonological, rater, and instructional factors. Tesol Quarterly, 55 (3), 866–900. DOI logo Google Scholar
Saitô, Y.
(2006) Nihongo Onseigaku Nyûmon [An Introduction to Japanese Phonetics] (2nd ed.). Tokyo: Sanseido.Google Scholar
Sato, Y.
(1993) The durations of syllable-final nasals and the mora hypothesis in Japanese. Phonetica 50 1, 44–67. DOI logo Google Scholar
Tajima, K., Port, R. F., & Dalby, J.
(1997) Effects of temporal correction on intelligibility of foreign-accented English. Journal of Phonetics, 25 (1), 1–24. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Thompson, H. S.
(1980) Stress and salience in English: theory and practice. Palo Alto Research Center, CA: Xerox.Google Scholar
Vance, T. J.
(2008) The Sounds of Japanese. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Well, J. C.
(1982a) Accents of English 1: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(1982b) Accents of English 2: The British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wright, S. M., Lathouwers, M. D., Best, C. T., & Tyler, M. D.
(2016) Cross-accent word recognition is affected by perceptual assimilation. Proceedings of the Sixteenth Australasian International Conference on Speech Science and Technology, 6–9 December 2016, Parramatta, Australia, 165–168.Google Scholar
Yazawa, K., Ozaki, Y., Short, G., Kondo, M. & Sagisaka, Y.
(2015) A Study of the Production of Unstressd Vowels by Japanese Speakers of English Using the J-AESOP Corpus, Proceedings of the Joint Conference of 2015 International Conference Oriental COCOSDA held jointly with 2015 Conference on Asian Spoken Language Research and Evaluation (O-COCOSDA/CASLRE), IEEE, pp.96–100. Shanghai, China. 28–30 October, 2015. DOI logo Google Scholar