Bach, Emmon
1980In defense of passive. Linguistics and Philosophy 3: 297–341. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Baker, Mark, Kyle Johnson & Ian Roberts
1989Passive arguments raised. Linguistic Inquiry 20: 219–252.Google Scholar
Bhatt, Rajesh & Pancheva, Roumanya
2006 Implicit arguments. In The Blackwell Companion to Syntax , vol. II, 554–584. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Bresnan, Joan
1982The passive in lexical theory. In J. Bresnan (Ed.), The mental representation of grammatical relations (pp. 3–86). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Chandra, Pritha & Sahoo, Anindita
2013Passives in south asian languages. Acta Linguistica Asiatica 3: 9–27. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chomsky, Noam
1957 Syntactic Structures . The Hague: Mouton.Google Scholar
1965 Aspects of the Theory of Syntax . The MIT Press: Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
Croft, Willam
1994Voice: Beyond control and affectedness. In P. J. Hopper & B. A. Fox (Eds.), Voice: Form and function (pp. 89–117). Amsterdam: John Benjamin DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Davison, Alice
1982On the form and meaning of Hindi passive sentences. Lingua 58(1–2): 149–179. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Freidin, Robert
1975The analysis of passives, Language 51: 384–405. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Givón, Talmy
1990 Syntax. A Functional Typological Introduction-II . Amsterdam: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
(ed.) 1994 Voice and Inversion . Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grimshaw, Jane
1990 Argument Structure . Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Haspelmath, Martin
1990The grammaticalization of passive morphology. Studies in Language 14: 25–72. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hasegawa, Kinsuke
1968The passive construction in English. Language 44: 230–243. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hook, Peter Edwin
1979Hindi Structures: Intermediate Level. Michigan Papers on South and South-East Asia 16, Center for South and South-East Asian Studies , University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Jackendoff, Ray, S
1969. An Interpretive Theory of Negation. Foundation of Language 5(2): 218–241.Google Scholar
Kachru, Yamuna
1980 Aspects of Hindi-Grammar . New Delhi: Manohar Publications.Google Scholar
Keenan, Edward
1976Towards a universal definition of ‘subject.’ In Subject and Topic , Charles N. Li (ed.), 303–34. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
Keenan, Edward L. & Dryer, Matthew S
2007Passive in the world’s languages. In Language Typology and Syntactic Description . Vol. I: Clause Structure, Timothy Shopen (ed.), 325–361. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.Google Scholar
Kiparsky, Paul
2012Towards a null theory of passives. Lingua. Nov . 2012.Google Scholar
Klaiman, Miriam. H
1991 Grammatical Voice . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lakoff, George
1974Interview in H. Parret (Ed.), Discussing language , pp. 178–179. The Hague, Netherlands: Mouton.Google Scholar
Mahajan, Anoop
1994Active passives. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics , R. Aronovich, W. Byrne, S. Preuss & M. Senturia (eds). Stanford University: CSLI Publications.Google Scholar
Mohanan, Tara
1994 Argument Structure in Hindi . Stanford: CSLI Publications.Google Scholar
Pandharipande, Rajeshwari
1981Transitivity in Hindi. 11(2): 161–179. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.Google Scholar
Perlmutter, David M. & Postal, Paul M
1984The I-advancement exclusiveness law. In Studies in Relational Grammar 2 , David M. Perlmutter & Carol Rosen (eds), 81–125. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Ramchand, Gillian
2008 Verb Meaning and the Lexicon: A First Phase Syntax . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
2011Licensing of instrumental case in Hindi/Urdu in Causatives. Working Papers on Language & Linguistics 38 . Tromsø University: Septentrio Acdemic Publishing.Google Scholar
2011 Hindi Verb Classes and Their Argument Structure Alternations . UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishers.Google Scholar
Robson, Roy Anthony
1972On the generation of passive constructions in English. Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Texas, Austin, USA.Google Scholar
Roeper, Thomas
1987Implicit Arguments and the Head-Complement Relation. Linguistic Inquiry 18(2): 267–310.Google Scholar
Rosen, Carol. & Wali
Kashi.1989. Twin passives, inversion, and multistratalism in Marathi. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 7(1): 1–50. DOI logo
Shibatani, Masayoshi
1985Passives and related constructions: A prototype analysis. Language 61: 821–848. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Siewierska, Anna
1984 Passive: A Comparative Linguistic Analysis . Croom Helm: New Hampshire.Google Scholar
1988The passive in Slavic languages. In M. Shibatani (Ed.), Passive and voice (pp. 243–289). Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins.DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Thompson, Chand
1994Passives and inverse constructions. In Voice and Inversion , T. Givón (ed.). 47–63. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ura, Hiroyuki
2000 Checking Theory and Grammatical Functions in Universal Grammar . New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Wali, Kashi. & Koul, Omkar Nath
1994Kashmiri clitics: The role of the case and CASE. Linguistics 32: 969–994. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wali, Kashi & Koul, Omkar Nath
1997 Kashmiri: A Cognitive-Descriptive Grammar . London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Wunderlich, Dieter
2012Operations on argument structure. In Handbook of Semantics , Claudia Maienborn et al.. (ed.), Vol. 3. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ziff, Paul
1966The Nonsynonymy of Active and Passive Sentences. The Philosophical Review 75: 226–232. DOI logoGoogle Scholar