Abutalebi, J., & Green, D. W.
(2016) Neuroimaging of language control in bilinguals: Neural adaptation and reserve. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 19 (4), 689–698. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Baus, C., Costa, A., & Carreiras, M.
(2013) On the effects of second language immersion on first language production. Acta Psychologica, 142 (3), 402–409. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Beatty-Martinez, A. L., & Dussias, P. E.
(2019) Adaptive control and brain plasticity. A multi-dimensional account of the bilingual experience and its relation to cognition. In I. A. Sekerina, L. Spradlin, & V. Valian (Eds.), Bilingualism, executive function, and beyond. Questions and insights (pp. 49–66). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bergmann, C., Meulman, N., Stowe, L. A., Sprenger, S. A., & Schmid, M. S.
(2015) Prolonged L2 immersion engenders little change in morphosyntactic processing of bilingual natives. NeuroReport, 261, 1065–1070. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bice, K., & Kroll, J. F.
(2015) Native language change during early stages of second language learning. NeuroReport, 26(16), 966–971. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Birdsong, D.
(2014) The critical period hypothesis for second language acquisition: Tailering the coat of many colors. In M. Pawlak & L. Aronin (Eds.), Essential topics in applied linguistics and multilingualism (pp. 43–50). Berlin: Springer International Publishing. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2018) Plasticity, variability and age in second language acquisition and bilingualism. Frontiers in Psychology, 91, 81. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Brown, A., & Gullberg, M.
(2013) L1-L2 convergence in clausal packaging in Japanese and English. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(3), 477–494. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bylund, E.
(2019) Age effects in language attrition. In M. S. Schmid & B. Köpke (Eds.), The Oxford handbook on language attrition (pp. 277–287). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Cabeza, R., Anderson, N. D., Locantore, J. K., & McIntosh, A. R.
(2002) Aging gracefully: Compensatory brain activity in high-performing older adults. NeuroImage, 171, 1394–1402. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chamorro, G., Sorace, A., & Sturt, P.
(2016) What is the source of L1 attrition? The effect of recent L1 re-exposure on Spanish speakers under L1 attrition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 191, 520–532. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chang, C. B.
(2012) Rapid and multifaceted effects of second-language learning on first-language speech production. Journal of Phonetics, 401, 249–268. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2013) A novelty effect in phonetic drift of the native language. Journal of Phonetics, 411, 520–533. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2019) Phonetic drift. In M. S. Schmid & B. Köpke (Eds.), The Oxford handbook on language attrition (pp. 191–203). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Cherciov, M.
(2013) Investigating the impact of attitude on first language attrition and second language acquisition from a Dynamic Systems Theory perspective. International Journal of Bilingualism, 17(6), 716–733. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cook, V.
(2013) Multicompetence. In C. Chapelle (Eds.), The encyclopedia of applied linguistics (pp. 3768–3774). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Curtiss, S., Fromkin, V., Krashen, S., Rigler, D., & Rigler, M.
(1974) The linguistic development of Genie. Language, 50(3), 528–554. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Bot, K., Gommans, P., & Rossing, C.
(1991) L1 loss in an L2 environment: Dutch immigrants in France. In H. W. Seliger & R. M. Vago (Eds.), First language attrition (pp. 87–98). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Bot, K., & Clyne, M. G.
(1994) A 16-year longitudinal study of language attrition in Dutch immigrants in Australia. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 15(1), 17–28. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
DeLuca, V., Rothman, J., & Pliatsikas, C.
(2019) Linguistic immersion and structural effects on the bilingual brain: A longitudinal study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 221, 1160–1175. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
DeLuca, V., Rothman, J., Bialystok, E., & Pliatsikas, C.
(2020) Duration and extent of bilingual experience modulate neurocognitive outcomes. NeuroImage, 2041, 116222. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Draganski, B., Gaser, C., Busch, V., Schuierer, G., Bogdahn, U., & May, A.
(2004) Changes in grey matter induced by training. Nature, 4271, 311–312. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Driemeyer, J., Boyke, J., Gaser, C., Buchel, C., & May, A.
(2008) Changes in gray matter induced by learning – revisited. PLoS One 2008 (3), p. e2669. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Duffau, H.
(2014) The huge plastic potential of adult brain and the role of connectomics: New insights provided by serial mappings in glioma surgery. Cortex, 58, 325–337. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dussias, P. E., Beatty-Martinez, A. L., & Perrotti, L.
(2017) Susceptibility to interference affects the second and the first language. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 20(4), 681–682. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dussias, P. E., Perrotti, L., Carlson, M., & Morales, L.
(2016) Exposure to a second language can change processing routines in the first language. Paper presented at The International Meeting of the Psychonomic Society , Granada, Spain. May 5–8.
Dussias, P. E., Valdés Kroff, J. R., Beatty-Martinez, A. L., & Johns, M. A.
(2019) What language experience tells us about cognition. Variable input and interactional contexts affect bilingual sentence processing. In J. W. Schwieter (Eds.), The handbook of the neuroscience of multilingualism (pp. 467–484). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ebbinghaus, H.
(1885) Über das Gedächtnis. Untersuchungen zur experimentellen Psychologie. Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot.Google Scholar
Ecke, P.
(2004) Language attrition and theories of forgetting: A cross-disciplinary review. International Journal of Bilingualism, 8(3), 321–354. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ecke, P., & Hall, C. J.
(2013) Tracking tip-of-the-tongue states in a multilingual speaker: Evidence of attrition or instability in lexical systems? International Journal of Bilingualism. 171, 734–751. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Elmer, S., Hänggi, J., & Jäncke, L.
(2014) Processing demands upon cognitive, linguistic, and articulatory functions promote grey matter plasticity in the adult multilingual brain: Insights from simultaneous interpreters. Cortex, 541, 179–189. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Flege, J. E.
(1987) The production of “new” and “similar” phones in a foreign language: Evidence for the effect of equivalence classification. Journal of Phonetics, 15 (1), 47–65. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Flores, C.
(2020) Attrition and reactivation of a childhood language: The case of returnee heritage speakers. Language Learning, 70(1), 85–121. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gargiulo, C., & van de Weijer, J.
(2020) Anaphora resolution in L1 Italian in a Swedish-speaking environment before and after L1 re-immersion: A study on attrition. Lingua, 2331, 102746. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Genevska-Hanke, D.
(2017) Intrapersonal variation in late L1 attrition and its implications for the competence/performance debate. In N. Levkovych & A. Urdze (Eds.), Linguistik im Nordwesten: Beiträge zum 8. Nordwestdeutschen Linguistischen Kolloquium , 13.–14. November 2015 (pp. 1–31). Bochum: Brockmeyer.Google Scholar
Golestani, N.
(2014) Brain structural correlates of individual differences at low-to-high-levels of the language processing hierarchy: A review of new approaches to imaging research. International Journal of Bilingualism, 18(1), 6–34. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grosjean, F.
(2015) Bicultural bilinguals. International Journal of Bilingualism, 19(5), 572–586. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2018) Être bilingue aujourd’hui. Revue Française de Linguistique Appliquée, 2018–2, 7–14. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gullifer, J. W., Chai, X. J., Whitford, V., Pivneva, I., Baum, S., Klein, D., & Titone, D.
(2018) Bilingual experience and resting-state brain connectivity: Impacts of L2 age of acquisition and social diversity of language use on control networks. Neuropsychologia, 1171, 123–134. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gürel, A.
(2004) Selectivity in L2-induced L1 attrition: A psycholinguistic account. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 17(1), 53–78. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hamann, C., Rinke, E., & Genevska-Hanke, D.
(2019) Bilingual language development: The role of dominance. Frontiers in Psychology, 10 (1064). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hara, Y.
(2015) Brain plasticity and rehabilitation in stroke patients. Journal of Nippon Medical School 2015, 82(1), 4–13. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hartsuiker, R. J., Pickering, M. J., & Veltkamp, E.
(2002) Is syntax separate or shared between languages? Cross-linguistic syntactic priming in Spanish-English bilinguals. Psychological Science, 151, 409–414. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hebb, D. O.
(1949) The organization of behaviour. A neuropsychological theory. New York: Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
Hofstetter, S., Friedmann, N., & Assaf, Y.
(2017) Rapid language-related plasticity: Microstructural changes in the cortex after a short session of new word learning. Brain Structure and Function, 222(3), 1231–1241. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hosoda, C., Tanaka, K., Nariai, T., Honda, M., & Hanakawa, T.
(2013) Dynamic neural network reorganization associated with second language vocabulary learning: A multimodal imaging study. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(34): 13663–13672. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jacobs, A., Fricke, M., & Kroll, J. F.
(2016) Cross-language activation begins during speech planning and extends into second language speech. Language Learning, 661, 324–353. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Karayayla, T. & Schmid, M. S.
(2018) First language attrition as a function of age at onset of bilingualism: First language attainment of Turkish-English bilinguals in the United Kingdom. Language Learning, 69(1), 106–142. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kasparian, K., Vespignani, F., & Steinhauer, K.
(2017) First language attrition induces changes in online morphosyntactic processing and re-analysis: An ERP study of number agreement in complex Italian sentences. Cognitive Science, 411: 1760–1803. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Köpke, B.
(2002) Activation thresholds and non-pathological first language attrition. In F. Fabbro (Eds.), Advances in the neurolinguistics of bilingualism. Essays in honor of Michel Paradis (pp. 119–142). Udine: Forum.Google Scholar
(2004) Neurolinguistic aspects of attrition. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 17(1), 3–30. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2007) Language attrition at the crossroads of brain, mind, and society. In B. Köpke, M. S. Schmid, M. Keijzer & S. Dostert (Eds.), Language attrition. Theoretical perspectives (pp. 9–39). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2019) First language attrition: From bilingual to monolingual proficiency? In A. de Houwer, & L. Ortega (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of bilingualism (pp. 349–365). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Köpke, B., & Schmid, M. S.
(2004) Language attrition: The next phase. In M. S. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer, & L. Weilemar (Eds.), First language attrition: Interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues (pp. 1–43). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Köpke, B., & Genevska-Hanke, D.
(2018) First language attrition and dominance: Same same or different? Frontiers in Psychology, 91 1963 doi:  DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Legault, J., Fang, S. -Y., Lan, Y. -L., & Li, P.
(2019) Structural brain changes as a function of second language vocabulary training: Effects of learning context. Brain and Cognition, 1341, 90–102. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lenneberg, E.
(1967) Biological foundations of language. New York, NY: Wiley. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, P., Legault, J., & Litcofsky, K. A.
(2014) Neuroplasticity as a function of second language learning: Anatomical changes in the human brain. Cortex, 581, 301–324. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Linck, J. A., Kroll, J. F., & Sunderman, G.
(2009) Losing access to the native language while immersed in a second language. Evidence for the role of inhibition in second-language learning. Psychological Science, 20(12), 1507–1515. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Loftus, E. F.
(1980) Surprising new insights into how we remember and why we forget. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co.Google Scholar
Lubrano, V., Prod’homme, K., Démonet, J. -F., & Köpke, B.
(2012) Language monitoring in multilingual patients undergoing awake craniotomy: A case study of a German-English-French trilingual patient with a WHO grade II glioma. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 251, 567–578. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
MacWhinney, B.
(2019) Language attrition and the Competition Model. In M. S. Schmid & B. Köpke (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of language attrition (pp. 7–17). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Mårtensson, J., Eriksson, J., Bodammer, N. C., Lindgren, M., Johansson, M., Nyberg, L., & Lövdén, M.
(2012) Growth of language-related brain areas after foreign language learning. NeuroImage, 631, 240–244. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mechelli, A., Crinion, J. T., Noppeney, U., O’Doherty, J., Ashburner, J., Frackowiak, R. S., & Price, C. J.
(2004) Neurolinguistics: Structural plasticity in the bilingual brain. Nature, 431(7010), 757. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Merzenich, M. M.
(2013) Soft-wired: How the new science of brain plasticity can change your life. San Francisco: Parnassus Publishing.Google Scholar
Mickan, A., McQueen, J. M., & Lemhöfer, K.
(2020) Between-language competition as a driving force in foreign language attrition. Cognition, 1981, 104218. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Opitz, C.
(2013) A dynamic perspective on late bilinguals’ linguistic development in an L2 environment. International Journal of Bilingualism, 17(6), 701–715. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Oppenheim, G., Griffin, Z. M., Pena, E. D., & Bedore, L. M.
(2020) Longitudinal evidence for simultaneous bilingual language development with shifting language dominance, and how to explain it. Language Learning, 70(S2), 20–44. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Osterhout, L., McLaughlin, J., Pitkanen, I., Frenck-Mestre, C., & Molinaro, N.
(2006) Novice learners, longitudinal designs, and event-related potentials: A paradigm for exploring the neurocognition of second-language processing. Language Learning, 561, 199–230. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Osterhout, L., Poliakov, A., Inoue, K., McLaughlin, J., Valentine, G., Pitkanen, I., Frenck-Mestre, C., & Hirschensohn, J.
(2008) Second language learning and changes in the brain. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 21(6), 509–521. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Paradis, M.
(2007) L1 attrition features predicted by a neurolinguistic theory of bilingualism. In B. Köpke, M. S. Schmid, M. Keijzer, & S. Dostert (Eds.), Language attrition. Theoretical perspectives (pp. 121–133). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Penfield, W., & Roberts, L.
(1959) Speech and brain mechanisms. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pierce, L. J., Chen, J. K., Delcenserie, A., Genesee, F., & Klein, D.
(2015) Past experience shapes ongoing neural patterns for language. Nature Communications, 61, 10073. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Pliatsikas, C.
(2019) Multilingualism and brain plasticity. In J. W. Schwieter (Ed.), The handbook of the neuroscience of multilingualism (pp. 230–251). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Raboyeau, G., De Boissezon, X., Marie, N., Balduyck, S., Puel, M., Bezy, C., Demonet, J. -F., & Cardebat, D.
(2008) Right hemisphere activation in recovery from aphasia. Lesion effect or function recruitment? Neurology, 70(4), 290–298. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sancier, M. L., & Fowler, C. A.
(1997) Gestural drift in a bilingual speaker of Brazilian Portuguese and English. Journal of Phonetics, 25 (4), 421–436. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schlegel, A., Rudelson, J. J., & Tse, P.
(2012) White matter structure changes as adults learn a second language. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 241, 1664–1670. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2011) Contact x time. External factors and variability in L1 attrition. In M. S. Schmid & W. Lowie (Eds.), Modeling bilingualism: From structure to chaos (pp. 155–176). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2019a) The impact of frequency of use and length of residence on L1 attrition. In M. S. Schmid & B. Köpke (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of language attrition (pp. 288–303). Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2019b) Annotated bibliography. In M. S. Schmid & B. Köpke (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of language attrition (pp. 509–541). Oxford: Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schmid, M. S., & Dusseldorp, E.
(2010) Quantitative analyses in a multivariate study of language attrition: The impact of extralinguistic factors. Second Language Research, 26(1), 125–160. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schmid, M. S., & Köpke, B.
(2017a) The relevance of first language attrition to theories of bilingual development. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 7(6), 637–667. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2017b) When is a bilingual an attriter? Response to the commentaries. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 7(6), 763–770. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Steinhauer, K., & Kasparian, K.
(2020) Brain plasticity in adulthood: ERP evidence for L1-attrition in lexicon and morphosyntax after predominant L2 use. Language Learning, 70(2), 171–193. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Steinkrauss, R., & Schmid, M. S.
(2016) Entrenchment and language attrition. In H. -J. Schmid (Eds.), Entrenchment and the psychology of language learning: How we reorganize and adapt linguistic knowledge (pp. 367–383). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Stolberg, D., & Münch, A.
(2010) “Die Muttersprache vergisst man nicht” – or do you? A case study in L1 attrition and its (partial) reversal. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 13(1), 19–31. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sulpizio, S., Del Maschio, N., Del Mauro, G., Fedeli, D., & Abutalebi, J.
(2020) Bilingualism as a gradient measure modulates functional connectivity of language and control networks. NeuroImage, 2051, 116306. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Takeuchi, H., Sekiguchi, A., Taki, Y., Yokoyama, S., Yomogida, Y., Komuro, N., Yamanouchi, T., Suzuki, S., & Kawashima, R.
(2010) Training of working memory impacts structural connectivity. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(9): 3297–3303. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Thierry, G., & Sanoudaki, E.
(2012) Activation syntaxique non-sélective à la langue chez le bilingue précoce. Revue Française de Linguistique Appliquée, XVII (2), 33–48. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Underwood, B. J.
(1957) Interference and forgetting. Psychological Review, 641, 49–60. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
van Hell, J. G., & Dijkstra, T.
(2002) Foreign language knowledge can influence native language performance in exclusively native contexts. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 91, 780–789. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ventureyra, V. A. G. & Pallier, C.
(2004) In search of the lost language: The case of adopted Koreans in France. In M. S. Schmid, B. Köpke, M. Keijzer, & L. Weilemar (Eds.), First language attrition: Interdisciplinary perspectives on methodological issues (pp. 207–221). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
White, E. J., Hutka, S. A., Williams, L. J., & Moreno, S.
(2013) Learning, neural plasticity and sensitive periods: Implications for language acquisition, music training and transfer across the lifespan. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 20(7), 90. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Xiang, H., van Leeuwen, T. M., Dediu, D., Roberts, L., Norris, D. G., & Hagoort, P.
(2015) L2-proficiency-dependent laterality shift in structural connectivity of brain language pathways. Brain Connectivity, 5(6), 349–361. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Yilmaz, G.
(2011) Complex embeddings in free speech production among late Turkish-Dutch bilinguals. Language, Interaction, Acquisition, 2(2), 221–250. DOI logoGoogle Scholar