Article published In:
The Mental Lexicon
Vol. 18:1 (2023) ► pp.140
Amenta, S. and Crepaldi, D.
(2012) Morphological Processing as We Know It: An Analytical Review of Morphological Effects in Visual Word Identification. Frontiers in Psychology, 31. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Baayen, R. H., Milin, P., Đurđević, D. F., Hendrix, P., & Marelli, M.
(2011) An amorphous model for morphological processing in visual comprehension based on naive discriminative learning. Psychological review, 118(3), 438. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bates, D., Mächler, M., Bolker, B., & Walker, S.
(2015) lme4: Linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4. R package version 1.1–8. Retrieved from [URL]
Bertram, R.
(2011) Eye movements and morphological processing in reading. The Mental Lexicon, 6 (1), 83–109. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Basnight-Brown, D., Chen, L., Hua, S., Kostić, A. and Feldman, L.
(2007) Monolingual and bilingual recognition of regular and irregular English verbs: Sensitivity to form similarity varies with first language experience. Journal of Memory and Language, 57(1), pp.65–80. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bentin, S., & Feldman, L. B.
(1990) The contribution of morphological and semantic relatedness to repetition priming at short and long lags: Evidence from Hebrew. The quarterly journal of experimental psychology, 42 (4), 693–711. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Boston, M. F., Hale, J., Kliegl, R., Patil, U., & Vasishth, S.
(2008) Parsing costs as predictors of reading difficulty: An evaluation using the Potsdam Sentence Corpus. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 2 (1). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Burani, C.
(2010) Word morphology enhances reading fluency in children with developmental dyslexia. Lingue e linguaggio, 9 (2), 177–198.Google Scholar
Burani, C., Marcolini, S., De Luca, M., & Zoccolotti, P.
(2008) Morpheme-based reading aloud: Evidence from dyslexic and skilled Italian readers. Cognition, 108 (1), 243–262. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Brysbaert, M., New, B., & Keuleers, E.
(2012) Adding part-of-speech information to the SUBTLEX-US word frequencies. Behavior Research Methods, 44 (4), 991–997. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Brysbaert, M.
(2019) How many participants do we have to include in properly powered experiments? A tutorial of power analysis with reference tables. Journal of Cognition, 2 (1), 16. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Brysbaert, M., & Stevens, M.
(2018) Power Analysis and Effect Size in Mixed Effects Models: A Tutorial. Journal of cognition, 1 (1), 9. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Carlisle, J. F., & Stone, C. A.
(2005) Exploring the role of morphemes in word reading. Reading research quarterly, 40 (4), 428–449. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Chamberland, C., Saint-Aubin, J., & Légère, M. A.
(2013) The impact of text repetition on content and function words during reading: Further evidence from eye movements. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 67 (2), 94. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Christie, A.
(1920) The mysterious affair at styles. N.p.: John Lane. Retrieved on 7 November, 2012, from Project Gutenberg, [URL]
Ciaccio, L. A., & Jacob, G.
(2019) Native speakers like affixes, L2 speakers like letters? An overt visual priming study investigating the role of orthography in L2 morphological processing. PLOS ONE, 14 (12), e0226482. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Clahsen, H. and Neubauer, K.
(2010) Morphology, frequency, and the processing of derived words in native and non-native speakers. Lingua, 120(11), pp.2627–2637. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Clahsen, H., & Felser, C.
(2006) How native-like is non-native language processing? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 10 (12), 564–570. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Conklin, K., & Pellicer-Sánchez, A.
(2016) Using eye-tracking in applied linguistics and second language research. Second Language Research, 32(3), 453–467. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cop, U., Dirix, N., Drieghe, D., & Duyck, W.
(2017) Presenting GECO: An eyetracking corpus of monolingual and bilingual sentence reading. Behavior research methods, 49 (2), 602–615. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Coughlin, C. and Tremblay, A.
(2014) Morphological decomposition in native and non-native French speakers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18(3), pp.524–542. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Crepaldi, D., Rastle, K., Coltheart, M. and Nickels, L.
(2010) ‘Fell’ primes ‘fall’, but does ‘bell’ prime ‘ball’? Masked priming with irregularly-inflected primes. Journal of Memory and Language, 63(1), 83–99. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dann, K., Veldre, A., & Andrews, S.
(2021) Morphological preview effects in English are restricted to suffixed words. Ea 3742, 1–57. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Grauwe, S., Lemhöfer, K., Willems, R. and Schriefers, H.
(2014) L2 speakers decompose morphologically complex verbs: fMRI evidence from priming of transparent derived verbs. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 81. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Deacon, S. H., Tong, X., & Mimeau, C.
(2019) 15 Morphological and Semantic Processing in Developmental Dyslexia. Developmental dyslexia across languages and writing systems, 327 1. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Diependaele, K., Duñabeitia, J., Morris, J. and Keuleers, E.
(2011) Fast morphological effects in first and second language word recognition. Journal of Memory and Language, 64(4), pp.344–358. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dirix, N., Brysbaert, M., & Duyck, W.
(2019) How well do word recognition measures correlate? Effects of language context and repeated presentations. Behavior research methods, 51 (6), 2800–2816. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Feldman, L. B., & Andjelković, D.
(1992) Morphological analysis in word recognition. In Advances in psychology (Vol. 941, pp. 343–360). North-Holland.Google Scholar
Feldman, L. B.
(1992) Bi-alphabetism and the design of a reading mechanism. In D. M. Willows, R. S. Kruk, & E. Corcos (Eds.), Visual processes in reading and reading disabilities. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
Feldman, L. B., & Bentin, S.
(1994) Morphological analysis of disrupted morphemes: Evidence from Hebrew. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 47 (2), 407–435. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Feldman, L. B., Kostić, A., Basnight-Brown, D. M., Durđević, D. F., & Pastizzo, M. J.
(2010) Morphological facilitation for regular and irregular verb formations in native and non-native speakers: Little evidence for two distinct mechanisms. Bilingualism (Cambridge, England), 13 1, 119–135. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Feldman, L. B., Rueckl, J., Diliberto, K., Pastizzo, M., & Vellutino, F. R.
(2002) Morphological analysis by child readers as revealed by the fragment completion task. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 9 ( 3 ), 529–535. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Foote, R.
(2015) The Storage And Processing Of Morphologically Complex Words In L2 Spanish. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 39(4), 735–767. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Forster, K., Davis, C., Schoknecht, C. and Carter, R.
(1987) Masked priming with graphemically related forms: Repetition or partial activation?. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 39(2), 211–251. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Frost, R.
(2012) Towards a universal model of reading. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35 (5), 263–279. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2006) Becoming literate in Hebrew: the grain size hypothesis and Semitic orthographic systems. Developmental Science, 9 (5), 439–440. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Frost, R., Forster, K. and Deutsch, A.
(1997) “What can we learn from the morphology of Hebrew? A masked-priming investigation of morphological representation”: Correction to Frost et al. 1997. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 23(5), 1189–1191.Google Scholar
Frost, R., Katz, L., & Bentin, S.
(1987) Strategies for visual word recognition and orthographical depth: A multilingual comparison. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 13 (1), 104–115. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Godfroid, A., Ahn, J., Choi, I., Ballard, L., Cui, Y., Johnston, S., Lee, S., Sarkar, A., Yoon, H.
(2018) Incidental vocabulary learning in a natural reading context: An eye-tracking study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 21 (3), 1–22. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gonnerman, L., Seidenberg, M. and Andersen, E.
(2007) Graded semantic and phonological similarity effects in priming: Evidence for a distributed connectionist approach to morphology. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136(2), pp.323–345. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grainger, J., Dufau, S., Montant, M., Ziegler, J. C., & Fagot, J.
(2012) Orthographic processing in baboons (Papio papio). Science, 336 (6078), 245–248. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grainger, J., & Jacobs, A. M.
(1996) Orthographic processing in visual word recognition: a multiple read-out model. Psychological review, 103 (3), 518. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grainger, J., Colé, P. and Segui, J.
(1991) Masked morphological priming in visual word recognition. Journal of Memory and Language, 30(3), 370–384. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Green, P. and MacLeod, C. J.
(2016) SIMR: an R package for power analysis of generalized linear mixed models by simulation. Methods Ecol Evol, 71: 493–498. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Haddad, L., Weiss, Y., Katzir, T., & Bitan, T.
(2018) Orthographic Transparency Enhances Morphological Segmentation in Children Reading Hebrew Words. Frontiers in Psychology, 8 1. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Heyer, V. and Clahsen, H.
(2015) Late bilinguals see a scan in scanner and in scandal: dissecting formal overlap from morphological priming in the processing of derived words. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 18(3), 543–550. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jacob, G., Fleischhauer, E. And Clahsen, H.
(2013) Allomorphy and affixation in morphological processing: A cross-modal priming study with late bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(4), 924–933. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jacob, G., Heyer, V. and Veríssimo, J.
(2017) Aiming at the same target: A masked priming study directly comparing derivation and inflection in the second language. International Journal of Bilingualism, 22(6), 619–637. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jacob, G.
(2018) Morphological priming in bilingualism research. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 21 (3), 443–447. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Juhasz, B. J., Starr, M. S., Inhoff, A. W., & Placke, L.
(2003) The effects of morphology on the processing of compound words: Evidence from naming, lexical decisions and eye fixations. British Journal of Psychology, 94 (2), 223–244. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kamienkowski, J. E., Carbajal, M. J., Bianchi, B., Sigman, M., & Shalom, D. E.
(2018) Cumulative repetition effects across multiple readings of a word: Evidence from eye movements. Discourse Processes, 55 (3), 256–271. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Keuleers, E., Brysbaert, M., & New, B.
(2010) SUBTLEX-NL: A new measure for Dutch word frequency based on film subtitles. Behavior Research Methods, 42 (3), 643–650. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kirkici, B., & Clahsen, H.
(2013) Inflection and derivation in native and non-native language processing: Masked priming experiments on Turkish. Bilingualism, 16 (4), 776. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kuperman, V., Matsuki, K., & Van Dyke, J. A.
(2018) Contributions of reader-and text-level characteristics to eye-movement patterns during passage reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44 (11), 1687.Google Scholar
Kuperman, V., Drieghe, D., Keuleers, E., & Brysbaert, M.
(2013) How strongly do word reading times and lexical decision times correlate? Combining data from eye movement corpora and megastudies. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66 (3), 563–580. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kuznetsova, A., Brockhoff, P. B., & Christensen, R. H.
(2017) lmerTest package: tests in linear mixed effects models. Journal of statistical software, 82 (13), 1–26. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lemhöfer, K., & Broersma, M.
(2012) Introducing LexTALE: a quick and valid Lexical Test for Advanced Learners of English. Behavior research methods, 44 (2), 325–343. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Leminen, A., Smolka, E., Duñabeitia, J. and Pliatsikas, C.
(2019) Morphological processing in the brain: The good (inflection), the bad (derivation) and the ugly (compounding). Cortex, 1161, 4–44. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Libben, M. R., & Titone, D. A.
(2009) Bilingual lexical access in context: Evidence from eye movements during reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35 (2), 381–390. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Linke, M., Bröker, F., Ramscar, M., & Baayen, H.
(2017) Are baboons learning “orthographic” representations? Probably not. PLOS ONE, 12 (8), e0183876. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Liversedge, S. P., Blythe, H. I., & Drieghe, D.
(2012) Beyond isolated word recognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35 (5), 293–294. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lowder, M. W., Choi, W., Ferreira, F., & Henderson, J. M.
(2018) Lexical predictability during natural reading: Effects of surprisal and entropy reduction. Cognitive Science, 42(Suppl 4), 1166–1183. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mann, V., & Singson, M.
(2003) Linking morphological knowledge to English decoding ability: Large effects of little suffixes. In Reading complex words (pp. 1–25). Springer, Boston, MA. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marantz, A.
(2013) No escape from morphemes in morphological processing. Language and cognitive processes, 28 ( 7 ), 905–916. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marelli, M., Traficante, D., & Burani, C.
(2020) Reading morphologically complex words: Experimental evidence and learning models. Word Knowledge and Word Usage, 5531. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marelli, M., & Luzzatti, C.
(2012) Frequency effects in the processing of Italian nominal compounds: Modulation of headedness and semantic transparency. Journal of memory and language, 66 (4), 644–664. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marslen-Wilson, W., Tyler, L., Waksler, R. and Older, L.
(1994) Morphology and meaning in the English mental lexicon. Psychological Review, 101(1), 3–33. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marslen-Wilson, W. D.
(2007) Processes in language comprehension. Oxford handbook of psycholinguistics, 495–524.Google Scholar
Masson, M. E. J., & MacLeod, C. M.
(1992) Reenacting the route to interpretation: Enhanced perceptual identification without prior perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 121 ( 2 ), 145–176. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Matin, E.
(1974) Saccadic suppression: a review and an analysis. Psychological bulletin, 81 (12), 899. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
McDonald, J. L.
(2006) Beyond the critical period: Processing-based explanations for poor grammaticality judgment performance by late second language learners. Journal of Memory and Language, 55 (3), 381–401. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Milin, P., Smolka, E., & Feldman, L. B.
(2017) Models of lexical access and morphological processing. In E. M. Fernández & H. S. Cairns (Eds.), The handbook of psycholinguistics (pp. 240–268). Malden: Wiley-Blackwell. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mousikou, P., & Schroeder, S.
(2019) Morphological processing in single-word and sentence reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 45 (5), 881.Google Scholar
Münte, T. F., Say, T., Clahsen, H., Schiltz, K., & Kutas, M.
(1999) Decomposition of morphologically complex words in English: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Cognitive Brain Research, 7 (3), 241–253. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Neubauer, K. and Clahsen, H.
(2009) Decomposition of inflected words in a second language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 31(3), pp.403–435. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Paterson, K. B., Alcock, A., & Liversedge, S. P.
(2011) Morphological priming during reading: Evidence from eye movements. Language and Cognitive Processes, 26 (4–6), 600–623. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
R Core Team
(2020) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Retrieved from [URL]
Radach, R., Huestegge, L., & Reilly, R.
(2008) The role of global top-down factors in local eye-movement control in reading. Psychological research, 72 (6), 675–688. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Raney, G. E., & Rayner, K.
(1995) Word frequency effects and eye movements during two readings of a text. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology/Revue canadienne de psychologie expérimentale, 49 (2), 151. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rastle, K., Davis, M., Marslen-Wilson, W. and Tyler, L.
(2000) Morphological and semantic effects in visual word recognition: A time-course study. Language and Cognitive Processes, 15(4–5), 507–537. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Raveh, M. and Rueckl, J.
(2000) Equivalent Effects of Inflected and Derived Primes: Long-Term Morphological Priming in Fragment Completion and Lexical Decision. Journal of Memory and Language, 42(1), 103–119. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rayner, K., & Liversedge, S. P.
(2011) Linguistic and cognitive influences on eye movements during reading. In S. P. Liversedge, I. D. Gilchrist, & S. Everling (Eds.), Oxford library of psychology. The Oxford handbook of eye movements (p. 751–766). Oxford University Press. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rayner, K.
(2009) The 35th Sir Frederick Bartlett Lecture: Eye movements and attention in reading, scene perception, and visual search. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62 (8), 1457–1506. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(1998) Eye movements in reading and information processing: 20 years of research. Psychological Bulletin, 124(3), 372–422. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rayner, K., Raney, G. E., & Pollatsek, A.
(1995) Eye movements and discourse processing. In R. Lorch & E. O’Brien (Eds.), Sources of coherence in reading (pp. 9–36). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Rayner, K.
(1975) The perceptual span and peripheral cues in reading. Cognitive psychology, 7 (1), 65–81. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rodriguez-Fornells, A., Münte, T. and Clahsen, H.
(2002) Morphological Priming in Spanish Verb Forms: An ERP Repetition Priming Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14(3), 443–454. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Royle, P., Drury, J. E., Bourguignon, N., & Steinhauer, K.
(2012) The temporal dynamics of inflected word recognition: A masked ERP priming study of French verbs. Neuropsychologia, 50 (14), 3542–3553. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rueckl, J. & Aicher, K.
(2008) Are CORNER and BROTHER morphologically complex? Not in the long term. Language and Cognitive Processes, 23(7–8), 972–1001. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rueckl, J. G., & Galantucci, B.
(2005) The locus and time course of long-term morphological priming. Language and Cognitive Processes, 20 ( 1–2 ), 115–138. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rueckl, J. G., Mikolinski, M., Raveh, M., Miner, C. S., & Mars, F.
(1997) Morphological priming, fragment completion, and connectionist networks. Journal of Memory and Language, 36 ( 3 ), 382–405. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schmidtke, D., Van Dyke, J. A., & Kuperman, V.
(2020) CompLex: an eye-movement database of compound word reading in English. Behavior Research Methods, 53(1), 59–77. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schmidtke, D., & Kuperman, V.
(2020) Psycholinguistic Methods and Tasks in Morphology. In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2019) A paradox of apparent brainless behavior: The time-course of compound word recognition. Cortex, 116 1, 250–267. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Schmidtke, D., Matsuki, K., & Kuperman, V.
(2017) Surviving blind decomposition: A distributional analysis of the time-course of complex word recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 43 (11), 1793.Google Scholar
Seidenberg, M. S., & Gonnerman, L. M.
(2000) Explaining derivational morphology as the convergence of codes. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4 ( 9 ), 353–361. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Seidenberg, M. S.
(2011) Reading in different writing systems: One architecture, multiple solutions. In: Dyslexia across languages: Orthography and the brain-gene-behavior link, ed. P. McCardle, B. Miller, J. R. Lee & O. J. L. Tzeng, pp. 146–68. Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
(2012) Writing systems: Not optimal, but good enough. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35(5), 305. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Silva, R. and Clahsen, H.
(2008) Morphologically complex words in L1 and L2 processing: Evidence from masked priming experiments in English. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 11(2), 245–260. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stanners, R., Neiser, J., Hernon, W. and Hall, R.
(1979) Memory representation for morphologically related words. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 18(4), 399–412. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Traficante, D., Marcolini, S., Luci, A., Zoccolotti, P., Burani, C.
(2011) How do roots and suffixes influence reading of morphological pseudowords: A study on Italian dyslexic children, Language and Cognitive Processes, 26 (4–5–6), 777–793. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Ulicheva, A., Harvey, H., Aronoff, M., & Rastle, K.
(2020) Skilled readers’ sensitivity to meaningful regularities in English writing. Cognition, 195 1, 103810. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Westfall, J., Kenny, D. A., & Judd, C. M.
(2014) Statistical power and optimal design in experiments in which samples of participants respond to samples of stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143 (5), 2020–2045. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Weyerts, H., Münte, T. F., Smid, H. G., & Heinze, H. J.
(1996) Mental representations of morphologically complex words: an event-related potential study with adult humans. Neuroscience Letters, 206 (2–3), 125–128. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Von der Malsburg, T., & Angele, B.
(2017) False positives and other statistical errors in standard analyses of eye movements in reading. Journal of memory and language, 94 1, 119–133. DOI logoGoogle Scholar