Mikael Parkvall

List of John Benjamins publications for which Mikael Parkvall plays a role.

Journal

Articles

This paper presents new Skepi Creole Dutch data from the late-18th century, found in the work of the German scholar Ernst Karl Rodschied. The creole data include pronominal and verbal paradigms, a short 60-word excerpt from a private letter, and around two dozen names for local flora. After… read more
Jacobs, Bart and Mikael Parkvall 2021 How ‘Portuguese’ are Palenquero and Chabacano really?Revue Romane 56:2, pp. 235–266 | Article
A long-lasting debate within creole studies concerns the scarcity of Spanish-based creoles and the theoretical implications this may have. However, there is no agreement as to how many genuinely Spanish-based creoles there are in the world, and identifying the size of that group can generate… read more
This article argues that the three existing varieties of Chavacano are descendents of one and the same proto-variety. While their direct relatedness used to be agreed upon, it has recently been questioned to differing extents by Lipski (e.g. 1992, 2010, 2013) and Fernández (e.g. 2006, 2011).… read more
Jacobs, Bart and Mikael Parkvall 2020 Skepi Dutch Creole: The Youd PapersJournal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 35:2, pp. 360–380 | Short note
In this article we present newly found lexical and grammatical data pertaining to Skepi, the Dutch-lexified creole which is now extinct but was once widespread in the Essequibo area of what is today the Republic of Guyana. The source of this new material are the linguistic notes contained in the… read more
Parkvall, Mikael and Bart Jacobs 2020 Palenquero origins: A tale of more than two languagesDiachronica 37:4, pp. 540–576 | Article
Palenquero is a Spanish-lexified creole spoken in Columbia. We argue that existing hypotheses regarding its birth are problematic in several regards. This article addresses the inconsistencies in these hypotheses and provides an alternative, more coherent account. More precisely, we take issue… read more
Parkvall, Mikael 2018  Français tirailleur : Not just a “language of power”Language of Empire, Language of Power, Versteegh, Kees (ed.), pp. 60–76 | Article
Français-Tirailleur is the conventional name for the French-lexicon pidgin used in France’s African army during the 19th and 20th centuries. Tirailleur literally translates as ‘rifleman’ or ‘sharpshooter’, but in time, and in practice, it came to refer specifically to indigenous colonial… read more
Bakker, Peter, Aymeric Daval-Markussen, Mikael Parkvall and Ingo Plag 2013 Creoles are typologically distinct from non-creolesCreole Languages and Linguistic Typology, Bhatt, Parth and Tonjes Veenstra (eds.), pp. 9–45 | Article
In creolist circles, there has been a long-standing debate whether creoles differ structurally from non-creole languages and thus would form a special class of languages with specific typological properties. This debate about the typological status of creole languages has severely suffered from a… read more
Bakker, Peter, Aymeric Daval-Markussen, Mikael Parkvall and Ingo Plag 2011 Creoles are typologically distinct from non-creolesCreoles and Typology, Bhatt, Parth and Tonjes Veenstra (eds.), pp. 5–42 | Article
In creolist circles, there has been a a long-standing debate whether creoles differ structurally from non-creole languages and thus would form a special class of languages with specific typological properties. This debate about the typological status of creole languages has severely suffered from… read more
The typological similarities between Esperanto and other languages have long been a matter of debate. Assuming that foreign-language structures are more easily acquired when they resemble those of the learner’s native tongue, any candidate for a global lingua franca obviously ought to be as… read more
Parkvall, Mikael 2008 The simplicity of creoles in a cross-linguistic perspectiveLanguage Complexity: Typology, contact, change, Miestamo, Matti, Kaius Sinnemäki and Fred Karlsson (eds.), pp. 265–285 | Article
This paper discusses the possibility of quantifying complexity in languages in general, and in creoles in particular. It argues that creoles are indeed different from non-creoles, primarily in being less complex. While this has been argued before, this is the first attempt to prove it through the… read more
Parkvall, Mikael 2006 Was Haitian ever more like French?Structure and Variation in Language Contact, Deumert, Ana and Stephanie Durrleman (eds.), pp. 315–335 | Chapter
In the debate on whether or not plantation creoles started out their lives as pidgins, attention has focused on the amount of structure inherited from the lexifier language. Many who argue for a mother-daughter relationship between lexifiers and creoles assume that these similarities derive from… read more
Parkvall, Mikael 2000 Reassessing the role of demographics in language restructuringDegrees of Restructuring in Creole Languages, Neumann-Holzschuh, Ingrid and Edgar W. Schneider (eds.), pp. 185 ff. | Article
Parkvall, Mikael 1999 On the Possibility of Afrogenesis in the Case of French CreolesCreole Genesis, Attitudes and Discourse: Studies celebrating Charlene J. Sato, Rickford, John R. and Suzanne Romaine (eds.), pp. 187 ff. | Article
Parkvall, Mikael and Jens Edlund 1999 The Creolist ArchivesJournal of Pidgin and Creole Languages 14:2, pp. 347–350 | Miscellaneous