Kees de Bot

List of John Benjamins publications for which Kees de Bot plays a role.


Book series


A Dynamic Approach to Second Language Development: Methods and techniques

Edited by Marjolijn H. Verspoor, Kees de Bot and Wander Lowie

[Language Learning & Language Teaching, 29] 2011. ix, 211 pp.
Subjects Applied linguistics | Language acquisition | Language teaching

Gestures in Language Development

Edited by Marianne Gullberg and Kees de Bot

[Benjamins Current Topics, 28] 2010. viii, 139 pp.
Subjects Gesture Studies | Language acquisition

Multidisciplinary Approaches to Code Switching

Edited by Ludmila Isurin, Donald Winford and Kees de Bot

[Studies in Bilingualism, 41] 2009. xviii, 364 pp.
Subjects Multilingualism | Psycholinguistics | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology | Theoretical linguistics

Gestures in language development

Edited by Marianne Gullberg and Kees de Bot

Special issue of Gesture 8:2 (2008) 145 pp.
Subjects Cognitive psychology | Communication Studies | Gesture Studies | Signed languages

Perspectives on Foreign Language Policy: Studies in honor of Theo van Els

Edited by Theo Bongaerts and Kees de Bot

[Not in series, 81] 1997. viii, 224 pp.
Subjects Applied linguistics | Language teaching

Foreign Language Research in Cross-Cultural Perspective

Edited by Kees de Bot, Ralph B. Ginsberg and Claire Kramsch

[Studies in Bilingualism, 2] 1991. xi, 275 pp.
Subjects Language acquisition | Language teaching | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology

Dimensions of Language Attrition

Edited by Kees de Bot, Michael Clyne and T.J.M. van Els

Special issue of ITL - International Journal of Applied Linguistics 83/84 (1989) ca. 162 pp.
Subjects Applied linguistics | Language acquisition | Language policy | Language teaching | Multilingualism


Pot, Anna, Merel Keijzer and Kees de Bot 2018 Do low L2 abilities impede healthy aging for migrant older adults in the Netherlands?Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics 7:1, pp. 109–120 | To be specified
Research towards aging of migrant populations has so far mostly focused on (bio)medical and psychological aspects. Here we explore to what extent second language ability is a factor influencing the healthy aging process of older Turkish migrants in the Netherlands. To get a first understanding… read more
In this contribution, the history and use of the two labels Complexity Theory (CT) and Dynamic Systems Theory (DST) are presented. Although they have a different ontology, there does not seem to be a reason for choosing one or the other to refer to the same phenomenon. I propose to use the label… read more
This paper reports a study that investigates and compares the effects of foreign language proficiency, social status of a learner’s family, self-esteem, and competitiveness on FL anxiety. Chinese university students (N = 146), who were learning Japanese and English, participated in this study.… read more
Verspoor, Marjolijn H., Kees de Bot and Xiaoyan Xu 2015 The effects of English bilingual education in the NetherlandsJournal of Immersion and Content-Based Language Education 3:1, pp. 4–27 | Article
This paper reports on the effectiveness of bilingual education in the Netherlands. After a brief history of the rise of bilingual education in the Netherlands, the study traces the development of English proficiency of two cohorts at Dutch high schools during one year: a group of Year 1 students… read more
Houtzager, Nienke, Wander Lowie and Kees de Bot 2014 Aging and bilingual processing: Age-related and individual differences in groups of early bilingual FrisiansMultilingual Cognition and Language Use: Processing and typological perspectives, Filipović, Luna and Martin Pütz (eds.), pp. 263–286 | Article
We conducted a study to investigate effects of bilingualism on nonverbal and verbal cognitive performance. Here we report on the results from the first part of our study, in which 26 middle-aged (MA 46) and 26 elderly (MA 73.2) early bilingual speakers of Dutch and Frisian performed a verbal… read more
Bot, Kees de, Wander Lowie, Steven L. Thorne and Marjolijn H. Verspoor 2013 Chapter 10. Dynamic Systems Theory as a comprehensive theory of second language developmentContemporary Approaches to Second Language Acquisition, García Mayo, María del Pilar, María Juncal Gutiérrez Mangado and María Martínez-Adrián (eds.), pp. 199–220 | Chapter
In this contribution it is argued that Dynamic Systems Theory (DST) can be seen as a comprehensive theory that can unify and make relevant a number of different ‘middle level’ theories on Second Language Acquisition (SLA) which in our view are theories that attend to different levels of granularity… read more
Bot, Kees de 2012 Rethinking multilingual processing: From a static to a dynamic approachThird Language Acquisition in Adulthood, Cabrelli, Jennifer, Suzanne Flynn and Jason Rothman (eds.), pp. 79–94 | Article
This contribution has four parts: in the first part, existing models of multilingual processing are presented and some of their main characteristics are discussed. In the second part, the Dynamic Systems Theory is presented in brief followed by a discussion what this means for our traditional way… read more
Development, and thus language development takes place at many interacting timescales, ranging from the milliseconds of lexical retrieval to pragmatic development at the scale of the life span. Different factors play a role in development at different time scales and even the same factor may play… read more
Bot, Kees de, HuiPing Chan, Wander Lowie, Rika Plat and Marjolijn H. Verspoor 2012 A dynamic perspective on language processing and developmentDutch Journal of Applied Linguistics 1:2, pp. 188–218 | Article
If language processing and development is viewed as a dynamic process in which all subsystems interact over time, then some basic assumptions behind more traditional approaches to language analysis are problematic: new methods of analysis and modeling are needed to supplement and partly replace… read more
Bot, Kees de 2011 EpilogueA Dynamic Approach to Second Language Development: Methods and techniques, Verspoor, Marjolijn H., Kees de Bot and Wander Lowie (eds.), pp. 123–128 | Article
Bot, Kees de and Diane Larsen-Freeman 2011 Researching Second Language Development from a Dynamic Systems Theory perspectiveA Dynamic Approach to Second Language Development: Methods and techniques, Verspoor, Marjolijn H., Kees de Bot and Wander Lowie (eds.), pp. 5–24 | Article
Bot, Kees de, Wander Lowie and Marjolijn H. Verspoor 2011 IntroductionA Dynamic Approach to Second Language Development: Methods and techniques, Verspoor, Marjolijn H., Kees de Bot and Wander Lowie (eds.), pp. 1–4 | Introduction
Verspoor, Marjolijn H., Kees de Bot and Eva van Rein 2011 English as a foreign language: The role of out-of-school language inputEnglish in Europe Today: Sociocultural and educational perspectives, De Houwer, Annick and Antje Wilton (eds.), pp. 147–166 | Article
This chapter investigates to what extent the process of second language acquisition is influenced by amount and type of input. After a brief description of the place of English in the lives of secondary school students in the Netherlands, the article reports on a semi-longitudinal study comparing… read more
Verspoor, Marjolijn H., Kees de Bot en Xiaoyan Xu 2011 The Role of Input and Scholastic Aptitude in Second Language DevelopmentTaalbeleid en meertaligheid, pp. 47–60 | Article
This semi-longitudinal/cross-sectional study explores the role of two possible variables in the L2 development of Dutch high school students: scholastic aptitude (operationalized as CITO score) and the amount of input, both in school (two hours a week versus 15 hours a week) and out of school.… read more
Bot, Kees de and Wander Lowie 2010 7. On the stability of representations in the multilingual lexiconCognitive Processing in Second Language Acquisition: Inside the learner's mind, Pütz, Martin and Laura Sicola (eds.), pp. 117–134 | Article
Gullberg, Marianne and Kees de Bot 2010 PrefaceGestures in Language Development, Gullberg, Marianne and Kees de Bot (eds.), p.  | Miscellaneous
Gullberg, Marianne, Kees de Bot and Virginia Volterra 2010 Gestures and some key issues in the study of language developmentGestures in Language Development, Gullberg, Marianne and Kees de Bot (eds.), pp. 3–33 | Article
Bot, Kees de, Mirjam Broersma and Ludmila Isurin 2009 4. Sources of triggering in code switchingMultidisciplinary Approaches to Code Switching, Isurin, Ludmila, Donald Winford and Kees de Bot (eds.), pp. 85–102 | Article
Broersma, Mirjam, Ludmila Isurin, Sybrine Bultena and Kees de Bot 2009 5. Triggered code switching: Evidence from Dutch – English and Russian – English bilingualsMultidisciplinary Approaches to Code Switching, Isurin, Ludmila, Donald Winford and Kees de Bot (eds.), pp. 103–128 | Article
Gullberg, Marianne, Kees de Bot and Virginia Volterra 2008 Gestures and some key issues in the study of language developmentGestures in language development, Gullberg, Marianne and Kees de Bot (eds.), pp. 149–179 | Article
The purpose of the current paper is to outline how gestures can contribute to the study of some key issues in language development. Specifically, we (1) briefly summarise what is already known about gesture in the domains of first and second language development, and development or changes over… read more
Bot, Kees de 2007 Dynamic systems theory, lifespan development and language attritionLanguage Attrition: Theoretical perspectives, Köpke, Barbara, Monika S. Schmid, Merel Keijzer and Susan Dostert (eds.), pp. 53–68 | Article
The two basic questions in the field of language attrition are: why do people lose their language? and how do they lose their language? The former question concerns the factors which cause attrition, the latter the mechanics of the attrition process. Though the two questions are intimately related… read more
Bot, Kees de 2004 Applied linguistics in EuropeWorld Applied Linguistics: A Celebration of AILA at 40, Gass, Susan M. and Sinfree Makoni (eds.), pp. 57–68 | Article
In this contribution developments in Applied Linguistics in Europe are linked to major social changes that have taken place over the last decades. These include: The decline of the USSR and the end of the cold war; The development of the EEC and the EU and fading of borders; The economic growth of… read more
Bot, Kees de and Theo van Els 2001 Linking levels in foreign language teaching through a common frame of referenceNew Perspectives and Issues in Educational Language Policy: In honour of Bernard Dov Spolsky, Cooper, Robert L., Elana Shohamy and Joel Walters (eds.), pp. 197–208 | Article
This article is about the triggering hypothesis for codeswitching. The original version of the hypothesis is not compatible with recent theories on speech production. Its claim that words have a raised chance of being codeswitched when they verge on a trigger word is inconsistent with the… read more
Bot, Kees de 2000 An Early Start for Foreign Languages (but Not English) in the NetherlandsLanguage Policy and Pedagogy: Essays in honor of A. Ronald Walton, Lambert, Richard D. and Elana Shohamy (eds.), pp. 129 ff. | Article
Bot, Kees de 2000 Simultaneous Interpreting as Language ProductionLanguage Processing and Simultaneous Interpreting: Interdisciplinary perspectives, Englund Dimitrova, Birgitta and Kenneth Hyltenstam (eds.), pp. 65 ff. | Article
Huibregtse, Ineke, Wilfried Admiraal, Kees de Bot, Loes Coleman en Gerard Westhoff 2000 Effecten en Didactiek van Tweetalig Voortgezet OnderwijsOnderzoek ontmoet onderwijs, pp. 9–20 | Article
This paper presents the results of a recently completed longitudinal evaluation study of Dutch-English bilingual programmes in Dutch pre-university education. During several years the outcomes of these programmes were measured in order to find out whether pupils in bilingual education gain higher… read more
Huibregtse, Ineke, Kees de Bot, Loes Coleman en Gerard Westhoff 1998 Een Evaluatie Van Tweetalig Voortgezet Onderwijs in NederlandToegepaste taalwetenschap in discussie, pp. 219–227 | Article
Since 1991, an increasing number of Dutch secondary schools have been offering a bilingual programme (Dutch-English) in the first four years of pre-university education. In 1995 a longitudinal evaluation study of this type of education was started. In this paper the first results of a part of this… read more
Bot, Kees de and Bert Weltens 1997 Multilingualism in the Netherlands?Perspectives on Foreign Language Policy: Studies in honor of Theo van Els, Bongaerts, Theo and Kees de Bot (eds.), pp. 143 ff. | Article
In this article a description is given of the language production process based on Levelťs 'Speaking'-model. Using this type of model will help us to understand better the subprocesses in language production and the kind of knowledge and procedures needed to produce language. A full definition of… read more
Bot, Kees de en Robert Schreuder 1994 Woordproduktie bij TweetaligenTaalproduktie, pp. 9–18 | Article
An attempt is made to validate an adaptation of Levelťs (1989) Speaking model to bilingual speakers. It is concluded that the best empirical evidence available at the moment comes from research on speech errors and code switching. Data from the latter source suggests that in word retrieval,… read more
Bot, Kees de and Robert Schreuder 1993 Word Production and the Bilingual LexiconThe Bilingual Lexicon, Schreuder, Robert and Bert Weltens (eds.), pp. 191 ff. | Article
Grendel, Marjon, Bert Weltens and Kees de Bot 1993 Language Attrition: Rise and Fall of a Research Topic?Dutch contributions to AILA '93: Selected in honour of Johan Matter, pp. 59–68 | Article
In this paper data are presented on some aspects of metalinguistic awareness in Dutch adults who emigrated to Australia at least 25 years ago. A grammatically judgement test was administered to 37 informants in Melbourne. The data show that the migrants do not differ significantly from a control… read more
Bot, Kees de 1991 Introduction to the Section on Teaching EnvironmentsForeign Language Research in Cross-Cultural Perspective, Bot, Kees de, Ralph B. Ginsberg and Claire Kramsch (eds.), pp. 115 ff. | Article
In this paper two approaches to the concepts of convergence and divergence are described. The first concerns dialects as linguistic systems that may converge or diverge from each other or from the standard language, the second level concerns convergence and divergence as linguistic behaviour of in… read more
Bot, Kees de, Claire Kramsch and Ralph B. Ginsberg 1991 PrefaceForeign Language Research in Cross-Cultural Perspective, Bot, Kees de, Ralph B. Ginsberg and Claire Kramsch (eds.) | Article
Els, Theo van, Kees de Bot and Bert Weltens 1991 Empirical Foreign Language Reaserch in EuropeForeign Language Research in Cross-Cultural Perspective, Bot, Kees de, Ralph B. Ginsberg and Claire Kramsch (eds.), pp. 21 ff. | Article
Bongaerts, Theo, Kees de Bot and Theo van Els 1990 PrefaceBalance & perspective: 25 years of Dutch Applied Linguistics, pp. 3–4 | Article
Evaluation of the effect of mother tongue teaching to migrant children in the Netherlands. Data are presented on first- and second-language proficiency of the Turkish sample (n=368). The aim of the investigation was to find out to what extent learner characteristics influence proficiency scores. It… read more
Bot, Kees de and Kees Lintsen 1989 Perception of Own Language Proficiency by Elderly AdultsDimensions of Language Attrition, Bot, Kees de, Michael Clyne and T.J.M. van Els (eds.), pp. 51–61 | Article
Bot, Kees de, Michael Clyne and T. van Eis 1989 Dimensions of Language Attrition: IntroductionDimensions of Language Attrition, Bot, Kees de, Michael Clyne and T.J.M. van Els (eds.), pp. i–iii | Article
Bot, Kees de 1986 Code-Switching En Bilinguale AfasiePsycholinguistiek en taalstoornissen, pp. 24–34 | Article
In the literature on bilingual aphasia a number of patients have been described that show (spontaneous) language switching. Unfortunately, there is a lack of relevant information about the actual switching behaviour in the descript ion of these cases. In general, the occurrence of the phenomenon is… read more
Bot, Kees de, Peter Broeder en Ludo Verhoeven 1985 Het Meten van Culturele Oriëntatie in Relatie met Taalvaardigheid.Nederlands als tweede taal, pp. 33–49 | Article
Recently, numerous studies evaluating bilingual education programs have shown that cultural orientation and language attitude play an important role in achieving sufficient proficiency in both first and second language. Despite a long tradition . of research in the field of attitude measurement, no… read more
A description is given of an experiment in which we tried to show that visual feedback is more effective in intonation learning than auditory feedback. The factors in the experiment were feedback mode and practice time. The results showed a significant effect of visual feedback over auditory… read more