Michael T. Putnam

List of John Benjamins publications for which Michael T. Putnam plays a role.

Book series



Mental representations in receptive multilingualism

Edited by Bonnie C. Holmes and Michael T. Putnam

Special issue of Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 10:3 (2020) v, 132 pp.
Subjects Cognition and language | Cognitive psychology | Language acquisition | Multilingualism | Psycholinguistics | Theoretical linguistics

Studies on German-Language Islands

Edited by Michael T. Putnam

[Studies in Language Companion Series, 123] 2011. xii, 477 pp.
Subjects Germanic linguistics | Historical linguistics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics

Exploring Crash-Proof Grammars

Edited by Michael T. Putnam

[Language Faculty and Beyond, 3] 2010. xii, 301 pp.
Subjects Generative linguistics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics
Subjects Generative linguistics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics
Subjects Generative linguistics | Germanic linguistics | Syntax | Theoretical linguistics


Formal approaches to bi- and multilingual grammars rely on two important claims: (i) the grammatical architecture should be able to deal with mono- and bi-/multilingual data without any specific constraints for the latter, (ii) features play a pivotal role in accounting for patterns across and… read more | Article
Lohndal, Terje and Michael T. Putnam 2024 Modeling multilingual grammars: Constraints and predictionsEpistemological issue: The importance of features and exponents: Dissolving Feature Reassembly, Flores, Cristina and Neal Snape (eds.), pp. 105–115
Bousquette, Joshua, Robert Klosinski and Michael T. Putnam 2023 What linguistic innovation tells usEpistemological issue: The dynamics of bilingualism in language shift ecologies, Flores, Cristina and Neal Snape (eds.), pp. 51–55
Holmes, Bonnie C. and Michael T. Putnam 2020 Mental representations in receptive multilingual grammarsMental representations in receptive multilingualism, Holmes, Bonnie C. and Michael T. Putnam (eds.), pp. 309–314
Although formal analyses of code-switching have enjoyed some success in determining which structures and interfaces are more fertile environments for switches than others, research exposing recalcitrant counter-examples to proposed constraints and axioms responsible for governing code-switching is… read more | Article
We investigate whether non-target wh-questions in heritage Low German and L2 English speakers are due primarily to cross-linguistic transfer or the reduction of grammatical complexity in developing grammars as modelled by the Derivational Complexity Hypothesis (DCH, Jakubowicz 2005). Previous… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T., Tanja Kupisch and Diego Pascual y Cabo 2018 Chapter 12. Different situations, similar outcomes: Heritage grammars across the lifespanBilingual Cognition and Language: The state of the science across its subfields, Miller, David, Fatih Bayram, Jason Rothman and Ludovica Serratrice (eds.), pp. 251–280
The rise of scientific inquiry focusing on bilingualism over the past few decades has also borne witness to an increase in the study of individuals and communities who speak a native language that is not the sociolinguistically dominant language of the environment in which they grew up. While it is… read more | Chapter
This paper investigates the extension of the progressive aspect in contemporary Pennsylvania Dutch. The scope of convergence in contact varieties is a debated subject in theoretical linguistics; the most recent and promising research finds that convergence in contact is not a simple one-to-one… read more | Article
In order to elucidate the structure of heritage grammars, this paper presents an analysis of word order variation in Moundridge Schweitzer German (MSG), a moribund heritage variety of German spoken in South Central Kansas. Based on elicited production data and an acceptability judgment task, we… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T. and Antonio Fábregas 2014 On the need for formal features in the narrow syntaxMinimalism and Beyond: Radicalizing the interfaces, Kosta, Peter, Steven L. Franks, Teodora Radeva-Bork and Lilia Schürcks (eds.), pp. 56–77
In this chapter we pose the non-trivial question regarding the status of functional features (f-features) in minimalist inquiry. This investigation explores whether or not f-features can be considered an essential part of narrow syntactic operations if they can be relegated to some sort of Late… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T. and Joseph C. Salmons 2013 : Syntactic neutralization in heritage German*Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 3:2, pp. 233–252
This paper reports initial findings on the apparent loss of passive voice constructions in Moundridge Schweitzer German, a moribund enclave dialect spoken in South Central Kansas. The dialect once had three agent-suppressing constructions; today speakers produce only an impersonal construction but… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T. and Liliana Sánchez 2013 : A prolegomenon to modeling heritage language grammarsLinguistic Approaches to Bilingualism 3:4, pp. 478–508
Modeling the competence grammar of heritage speakers who exhibit low proficiency in their L1 represents a significant challenge for generative and experimental approaches to bilingual linguistic research. In this paper we revisit the core tenets of the incomplete acquisition hypothesis as developed… read more | Article
This paper presents a novel sketch of a research program into the morpho-syntactic/semantic characteristics of intensifiers and reflexives in a moribund Sprachinsel language, Amana German. As demonstrated in this pilot study, Amana German has (apparently) undergone a shift in the syntactic… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T. 2010 Exploring crash-proof grammars: An introductionExploring Crash-Proof Grammars, Putnam, Michael T. (ed.), pp. 1–12
Putnam, Michael T. and Thomas Stroik 2010 Syntactic relations in Survive-minimalismExploring Crash-Proof Grammars, Putnam, Michael T. (ed.), pp. 143–166
Survive-minimalism, as developed in Stroik (1999, 2009) and Putnam (2007), argues for a “crash-proof” syntax that is divested of all derivation-to-derivation and derivation-to-interface operations, such as Internal Merge and Transfer. In this paper, we extend our investigations into Minimalist… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T. and M. Carmen Parafita Couto 2009 When grammars collide: Code-switching in Survive-minimalismTowards a Derivational Syntax: Survive-minimalism, Putnam, Michael T. (ed.), pp. 133–168
This study provides a Survive-minimalist analysis of two issues related to DP-structures in code-switching (CS) grammars: (i) the relationship between determiners and nouns in a DP where each respective lexical item originates from a separate language and (ii) the linearization of… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T. and Marjo van Koppen 2009 C-agreement or something close to it: Some thoughts on the ‘alls-construction’Advances in Comparative Germanic Syntax, Alexiadou, Artemis, Jorge Hankamer, Thomas McFadden, Justin Nuger and Florian Schäfer (eds.), pp. 41–58
In this paper we sketch out an account for an until now undiscussed phenomenon in generative syntax, namely the so-called “alls-construction” in Midwestern American English. In this construction, an s-ending is added to all under certain circumstances. We compare and contrast this construction with… read more | Article
Putnam, Michael T. and Thomas Stroik 2009 Traveling without moving: The conceptual necessity of Survive-minimalismTowards a Derivational Syntax: Survive-minimalism, Putnam, Michael T. (ed.), pp. 3–20