Raymond Hickey

List of John Benjamins publications for which Raymond Hickey plays a role.



Subjects English linguistics | Germanic linguistics | Historical linguistics | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology

Researching Northern English

Edited by Raymond Hickey

[Varieties of English Around the World, G55] 2015. x, 483 pp.
Subjects English linguistics | Germanic linguistics | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology | Theoretical linguistics
Subjects English linguistics | Germanic linguistics | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology | Writing and literacy

Dublin English: Evolution and change

Raymond Hickey

[Varieties of English Around the World, G35] 2005. x, 270 pp. (incl. CD-Rom)
Subjects Electronic/Multimedia Products | English linguistics | Germanic linguistics | Historical linguistics | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology
Subjects Corpus linguistics | Electronic/Multimedia Products

A Source Book for Irish English

Raymond Hickey

[Library and Information Sources in Linguistics, 27] 2002. xii, 541 pp. (incl. CD-Rom)
Subjects Bibliographies in linguistics | Electronic/Multimedia Products | English linguistics | Germanic linguistics | Historical linguistics | Sociolinguistics and Dialectology


The English adjective sure functions in Irish English as a pragmatic marker in sentence-initial or clause-initial position (occasionally in tag questions) expressing intersubjectivity in discourse. This essentially has the effect of affirming shared knowledge among speakers and offering… read more
Hickey, Raymond 2020 The interplay of internal and external factors in varieties of EnglishLate Modern English: Novel encounters, Kytö, Merja and Erik Smitterberg (eds.), pp. 43–64 | Chapter
The validity of a division of factors for language change into internal and external forms the focus of the present study. A distinction is made between speaker-internal and speaker-external on the one hand and community-internal and community-external on the other. A central concern is whether… read more
A large section of the early settler population in Australia came from Ireland and many of these individuals wrote back home reporting on conditions in the colony and/or advising relatives and friends on emigration. This private correspondence shows a large number features known from present-day… read more
The examination of emigrant letters shows that a judicious exploitation of this material can yield a variety of insights regarding the linguistic structure of varieties at the time of letter writing, despite a number of caveats which must be borne in mind. The diagnostic value of vernacular… read more
Hickey, Raymond 2017 The pragmatics of grand in Irish EnglishJournal of Historical Pragmatics 18:1, pp. 82–103 | Article
Over the past two centuries, the use of the adjective grand underwent a specific semantic expansion in Irish English. Apart from the meaning of ‘displaying grandeur’, the adjective came to mean ‘fine’, ‘alright’ and ‘in good form’, both as an expression of the speaker’s situation and as a… read more
Hickey, Raymond 2015 The Pragmatics of Irish English and IrishPragmatic Markers in Irish English, Amador-Moreno, Carolina P., Kevin McCafferty and Elaine Vaughan (eds.), pp. 17–36 | Article
The Irish and English languages are spoken by groups of people who belong to the same cultural environment, i.e. both are Irish in the overall cultural sense. This study investigates whether the pragmatics of the Irish language and of Irish English are identical and, if not, to what extent they are… read more
Hickey, Raymond 2015 The North of England and Northern EnglishResearching Northern English, Hickey, Raymond (ed.), pp. 1–24 | Article
Since at least the early Middle English period the conception of the North of England as a region, which is culturally and linguistically separate from the South of the country, has been widespread (Beal 1993: 125–129). Nonetheless, there is no simple consensus about the extent of the North of… read more
Hickey, Raymond 2014 Vowels before /r/ in the history of EnglishContact, Variation, and Change in the History of English, Pfenninger, Simone E., Olga Timofeeva, Anne-Christine Gardner, Alpo Honkapohja, Marianne Hundt and Daniel Schreier (eds.), pp. 95–110 | Article
In the past few centuries vowels before historic /r/ have gone through many changes in different varieties of English, including non-rhotic forms which lost syllable-final /r/ in the eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries. These changes can be grouped into two major types. The first is… read more
A number of dramatic texts are scrutinised here for the linguistic analysis of Irish English in the early modern period. A broad range of different plays by authors from the late sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries are examined to determine if the non-standard spellings contained in these texts… read more
Hickey, Raymond 2010 Language changeVariation and Change: Pragmatic perspectives, Fried, Mirjam, Jan-Ola Östman and Jef Verschueren (eds.), pp. 171–202 | Article
Hickey, Raymond 2010 Language changeHandbook of Pragmatics: 2010 Installment, Östman, Jan-Ola and Jef Verschueren (eds.), pp. 1–38 | Article
Hickey, Raymond 2010 Linguistic evaluation of earlier textsVarieties of English in Writing: The written word as linguistic evidence, Hickey, Raymond (ed.), pp. 1–14 | Article
Assessing non-standard texts from previous centuries of necessity involves examining the notion of ‘standard’ which existed before the present. The modern notion of standard English is an eighteenth-century development which builds on formal usage prior to that. The prescriptivism which arose at… read more
Tyrkkö, Jukka, Raymond Hickey and Ville Marttila 2010 Exploring Early Modern English Medical Texts: Manual for EMEMT PresenterEarly Modern English Medical Texts: Corpus description and studies, Taavitsainen, Irma and Päivi Pahta (eds.), pp. 219–278 | Article
Hickey, Raymond 2008 Feature loss in 19th century Irish EnglishThe Dynamics of Linguistic Variation: Corpus evidence on English past and present, Nevalainen, Terttu, Irma Taavitsainen, Päivi Pahta and Minna Korhonen (eds.), pp. 229–243 | Article
The current contribution is concerned with the disappearance of a number of dialect features from the English language in Ireland during the course of the 19th century. At the outset of this century there were many archaic and dialectal features from earlier input varieties of English as well as… read more
This contribution looks at typical changes of sounds and views these as sets of changes the members of which are linked. It also considers the directions of sound changes, considering these as natural pathways (in the case of lenition) or trajectories among vowel movements in which different… read more
Hickey, Raymond 2004 Mergers, near-mergers and phonological interpretationNew Perspectives on English Historical Linguistics: Selected papers from 12 ICEHL, Glasgow, 21–26 August 2002, Kay, Christian, Carole Hough and Irené Wotherspoon (eds.), pp. 125–137 | Article
Hickey, Raymond 2003 15. The German address system: Binary and scalar at onceDiachronic Perspectives on Address Term Systems, Taavitsainen, Irma and Andreas H. Jucker (eds.), pp. 401–425 | Article
Hickey, Raymond 2003 13. Rectifying a standard deficiency: Second-person pronominal distinction in varieties of EnglishDiachronic Perspectives on Address Term Systems, Taavitsainen, Irma and Andreas H. Jucker (eds.), pp. 345–374 | Article
Hickey, Raymond 2003 Language changeHandbook of Pragmatics: 2001 Installment, Verschueren, Jef, Jan-Ola Östman, Jan Blommaert † and Chris Bulcaen (eds.), pp. 1–35 | Article
Hickey, Raymond 2002 Ebb and flow: A cautionary tale of language changeSounds, Words, Texts and Change: Selected papers from 11 ICEHL, Santiago de Compostela, 7–11 September 2000, Fanego, Teresa, Belén Méndez-Naya and Elena Seoane (eds.), pp. 105–128 | Article
The intention of the present article is to examine the linguistic features typical of the Irish-derived community in contemporary Newfoundland and to relate these to the varieties of Irish English in the south-east of Ireland, the region from which most of the Irish settlers emigrated in the late… read more
Hickey, Raymond 1999 Review of Kallen (1997): Focus on IrelandEnglish World-Wide 20:2, pp. 309–315 | Review