Part of
Understanding Language and Cognition through Bilingualism: In honor of Ellen Bialystok
Edited by Gigi Luk, John A.E. Anderson and John G. Grundy
[Studies in Bilingualism 64] 2023
► pp. 3867
Altinkamis, F., & Simon, E.
(2020) Language abilities in bilingual children: The effect of family background and language exposure on the development of Turkish and Dutch. International Journal of Bilingualism, 24(5–6). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Amengual, M.
(2013) An experimental approach to phonetic transfer in the production and perception of early Catalan-Spanish bilinguals (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin.
(2016) The perception and production of language-specific mid-vowel contrasts: Shifting the focus to the bilingual individual in early language input conditions. International Journal of Bilingualism, 20(2), 133–152. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Anderson, J. A., Mak, L., Chahi, A. K., & Bialystok, E.
(2018) The language and social background questionnaire: Assessing degree of bilingualism in a diverse population. Behavior Research Methods, 50(1), 250–263. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Anderson, J. A., Saleemi, S., & Bialystok, E.
(2017) Neuropsychological assessments of cognitive aging in monolingual and bilingual older adults. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 43, 17–27. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Andreou, M., Knopp, E., Bongartz, C., & Tsimpli, I. M.
Ansaldo, A. I., Ghazi-Saidi, L., & Adrover-Roig, D.
(2015) Interference control in elderly bilinguals: Appearances can be misleading. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 37, 455–470. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Azurmendi, M. J., Larrañaga, N., & Apalategi, J.
(2008) Bilingualism, identity, and citizenship in the Basque Country. In M. Niño-Murcia & J. Rothman (Eds.), Bilingualism and identity (pp. 35–62). John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Barac, R., Moreno, S., & Bialystok, E.
(2016) Behavioral and electrophysiological differences in executive control between monolingual and bilingual children. Child Development, 87(4), 1277–1290. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bialystok, E.
(2016) The signal and the noise: Finding the pattern in human behavior. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 6(5), 605–621. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2017) The bilingual adaptation: How minds accommodate experience. Psychological Bulletin, 143(3), 233–262. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Bialystok, E., Poarch, G., Luo, L., & Craik, F. I.
(2014) Effects of bilingualism and aging on executive function and working memory. Psychology and Aging, 29(3), 696. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Birdsong, D.
(2014) Dominance and age in bilingualism. Applied Linguistics, 35(4), 374–392. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Birdsong, D., Gertken, L., & Amengual, M.
(2012) Bilingual Language Profile: An Easy-to Use Instrument to Assess Bilingualism. COERLL. University of Texas.Google Scholar
Bosch, S., Veríssimo, J., & Clahsen, H.
(2019) Inflectional morphology in bilingual language processing: An age-of-acquisition study. Language Acquisition, 26(3), 339–360. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Cabrelli, J., Luque, A., & Finestrat-Martínez, I.
(2019) Influence of L2 English phonotactics in L1 Brazilian Portuguese illusory vowel perception. Journal of Phonetics, 73, 55–69. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Casillas, J.
(2015) Production and perception of the /i/-/I/ vowel contrast: The case of L2- dominant early learners of English. Phonetica, 72(2), 182–205. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dash, T., Berroir, P., Joanette, Y., & Ansaldo, A. I.
(2019) Alerting, orienting, and executive control: The effect of bilingualism and age on the subcomponents of attention. Frontiers in Neurology, 10(October), 1–12. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
De Cat, C.
(2018) Predicting language proficiency in bilingual children. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 42(2), 279–325. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
DeLuca, V. F., Rothman, J., & Pliatsikas, C.
(2018) Linguistic immersion and structural effects on the bilingual brain: A longitudinal study. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 1, 1–16. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
DeLuca, V., Rothman, J., Bialystok, E., & Pliatsikas, C.
(2019) Redefining bilingualism as a spectrum of experiences that differentially affects brain structure and function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(15), 7565–7574. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2020) Duration and extent of bilingual experience modulate neurocognitive outcomes. NeuroImage, 204, 116222. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Dimitropoulou, M., Duñabeitia, J. A., & Carreiras, M.
(2011) Masked translation priming effects with low proficient bilinguals. Memory & Cognition, 39, 260–275. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Faroqi-Shah, Y., Sampspon, M., Pranger, M., & Baughman, S.
(2018) Cognitive control, word retrieval and bilingual aphasia: Is there a relationship? Journal of Neurolinguistics, 45, 95–109. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Friesen, D. C., Luo, L., Luk, G., & Bialystok, E.
(2015) Proficiency and control in verbal fluency performance across the lifespan for monolinguals and bilinguals. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 30(3), 238–250. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
García, P., Leibold, L., Buss, E., Calandruccio, L., & Rodríguez, B.
(2018) Code-switching in highly proficient Spanish/English bilingual adults: Impact on masked word recognition. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 61(9), 2353–2363. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Garraffa, M., Beveridge, M., & Sorace, A.
(2015) Linguistic and cognitive skills in Sardinian–Italian bilingual children. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1898. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2015) Linguistic and cognitive skills in Sardinian–Italian bilingual children. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 1898. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gertken, L., Amengual, M., & Birdsong, D.
(2014) Assessing language dominance with the bilingual language profile. In A. Leclercq (Ed.), Measuring L2 proficiency: Perspectives from SLA (pp. 208–225). Multilingual Matters. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gertken, L. M.
(2013) Priming of relative clause attachment during comprehension in French as a first and second language (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin.
Gollan, T. H., Weissberger, G., Runnqvist, E., Montoya, R. I., & Cera, C. M.
(2012) Self ratings of spoken language dominance: A multi-lingual naming test (MINT) and preliminary norms for young and aging Spanish-English bilinguals. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15(3), 594–615. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
González Alonso, J., Baquero Castellanos, S., & Müller, O.
(2016) Masked constituent priming of English compounds in native and non-native speakers. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31(8), 1038–1054. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Goodenough, F. L.
(1926) Racial differences in the intelligence of school children. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 9, 388–397. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Green, D. W., & Abutalebi, J.
(2013) Language control in bilinguals: The adaptive control hypothesis. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25(5), 515–530. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grégoire, L., & Greening, S.
(2020) Fear of the known: Semantic generalisation of fear conditioning across languages in bilinguals. Cognition and Emotion, 34(2), 352–358. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Grundy, J. G.
(2020) The effects of bilingualism on executive functions: An updated quantitative analysis. Journal of Cultural Cognitive Science, 4, 177–199. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gullifer, J. W., Chai, X. J., Whitford, V., Pivneva, I., Baum, S., Klein, D., & Titone, D.
(2018) Bilingual experience and resting-state brain connectivity: Impacts of L2 age of acquisition and social diversity of language use on control networks. Neuropsychologia, 117(May),123–134. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Gullifer, J. W., & Titone, D.
(2018) Compute language entropy with. Language Entropy. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2020) Characterizing the social diversity of bilingualism using language entropy. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 23(2), 283–294. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hartanto, A., & Yang, H.
(2016) Disparate bilingual experiences modulate task-switching advantages: A diffusion-model analysis of the effects of interactional context on switch costs. Cognition, 150, 10–19. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hendricks, A. E., Miller, K., & Jackson, C. N.
(2018) Regularizing unpredictable variation: Evidence from a natural language setting. Language Learning and Development, 14(1), 42–60. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hilchey, M. D., & Klein, R. M.
(2011) Are there bilingual advantages on nonlinguistic interference tasks? Implications for the plasticity of executive control processes. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 18(4), 625–658. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hoffmann, C.
(2000) Bilingual and trilingual competence: Problems of description and differentiation. Estudios de Sociolinguistica, 1, 83–92. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Hulstijn, J. H.
(2012) The construct of language proficiency in the study of bilingualism from a cognitive perspective. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 15(2), 422–433. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Iverson, M., & Miller, D.
(2018) Language attrition and maintenance: Two sides of the same coin? Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 7(6), 704–708. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Jäger, G.
(2007) Maximum entropy models and stochastic Optimality Theory. In A. Zaenen (Ed.), Architectures, rules, and preferences: Variations and themes by Joan W. Bresnan (pp. 467–479). University of Chicago. Retrieved on 4 December 2022 from [URL]
Kan, R. T.
(2019) Production of Cantonese classifiers in young heritage speakers and majority language speakers. International Journal of Bilingualism, 23(6), 1531–1548. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kaushanskaya, M., Blumenfeld, H. K., & Marian, V.
(2019) The language experience and proficiency questionnaire (LEAP-Q): Ten years later. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 23(5), 945–950. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Keating, G., VanPatten, B., & Jegerski, J.
(2011) Who was walking on the beach? Anaphora resolution in Spanish heritage speakers and adult second language learners. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 33(2), 193–221. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Krizman, J., Skoe, E., Marian, V., & Kraus, N.
(2014) Bilingualism increases neural response consistency and attentional control: Evidence for sensory and cognitive coupling. Brain and Language, 128, 34–40. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Kubota, M., Chevalier, N., & Sorace, A.
(2020) How bilingual experience and executive control influence development in language control among bilingual children. Developmental Science, 23(1), e12865. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Lehtonen, M., Soveri, A., Laine, A., Järvenpää, J., de Bruin, A., & Antfolk, J.
(2018) Is bilingualism associated with enhanced executive functioning in adults? A meta-analytic review. Psychological Bulletin, 144(4), 394–425. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Leivada, E., Westergaard, M., Duñabeitia, J. A., & Rothman, J.
(2021) On the phantom-like appearance of bilingualism effects on neurocognition: (How) should we proceed? Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 24(1), 197–210. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, P., Legault, J., & Litcofsky, K. A.
(2014) Neuroplasticity as a function of second language learning: Anatomical changes in the human brain. Cortex, 58, 301–324. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, P., Sepanski, S., & Zhao, X.
(2006) Language history questionnaire: A web-based interface for bilingual research. Behavior Research Methods, 38(2), 202–210. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, P., Zhang, F., Tsai, E., & Puls, B.
(2014) Language history questionnaire (LHQ 2.0): A new dynamic web-based research tool. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 17(3), 673–680. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Li, P., Zhang, F., Yu, A., & Zhao, X.
(2019) Language History Questionnaire (LHQ3): An enhanced tool for assessing multilingual experience. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 23(5), 938–944. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Libben, M. R., & Titone, D. A.
(2009) Bilingual lexical access in context: Evidence from eye movements during reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(2), 381–390.Google Scholar
Loureiro-Rodríguez, V.
(2008) Conflicting values at a conflicting age: Linguistic ideologies in Galician adolescents. In M. Niño-Murcia & J. Rothman (Eds.), Bilingualism and identity: Spanish at the crossroads with other languages (pp. 63–86). John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Luk, G., & Bialystok, E.
(2013) Bilingualism is not a categorical variable: Interaction between language proficiency and usage. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25(5), 605–621. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Luo, D., Kwok, V. P. Y., Liu, Q., Li, W., Yang, Y., Zhou, K., … Tan, L. H.
(2019) Microstructural plasticity in the bilingual brain. Brain and Language, 196, 104654. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Maguire, E. A., Frackowiak, R. S., & Frith, C. D.
(1997) Recalling routes around London: Activation of the right hippocampus in taxi drivers. Journal of Neuroscience, 17(18), 7103–7110. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Marian, V.
(2019) Measuring bilingualism with self-reports and standardized tests: Is a “bilingualism quotient” realistic? Keynote address at Capturing and Quantifying Individual Differences in Bilingualism. UiT The Arctic University of Norway – Tromsø (Norway), 3 September.Google Scholar
Marian, V., Blumenfeld, H. K., & Kaushanskaya, M.
(2007) The Language Experience and Proficiency Questionnaire (LEAP-Q): Assessing language profiles in bilinguals and multilinguals. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 50, 940–967. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Meisel, J. M.
(2011) Bilingual language acquisition and theories of diachronic change: Bilingualism as cause and effect of grammatical change. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 14(2), 121–145. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Miller, D., & Rothman, J.
(2019) You win some, you lose some: Comprehension and event related potential evidence for L1 attrition. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 23(4), 869–883. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mitits, L., Alexiou, T., & Milton, J.
(2018) Does the language you speak at home affect the size of your L2 vocabulary? The Language Learning Journal, 46(5), 569–582. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Mitrofanova, N., Rodina, Y., Urek, O., & Westergaard, M.
(2018) Bilinguals’ sensitivity to grammatical gender cues in Russian: The role of cumulative input, proficiency, and dominance. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1894. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Nichols, E. S., & Joanisse, M. F.
(2016) Functional activity and white matter microstructure reveal the independent effects of age of acquisition and proficiency on second-language learning. NeuroImage, 143, 15–25. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Paap, K. R., Johnson, H. A., & Sawi, O. M.
(2015) Bilingual advantages in executive functioning either do not exist or are restricted to very specific and undetermined circumstances. Cortex, 69, 265–278. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Peal, E., & Lambert, W. E.
(1962) The relation of bilingualism to intelligence. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 76(27), 1–23. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Peets, K. F., Yim, O., & Bialystok, E.
(2019) Language proficiency, reading comprehension and home literacy in bilingual children: The impact of context. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 25(1), 226–240. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Persici, V., Vihman, M., Burro, R., & Majorano, M.
(2019) Lexical access and competition in bilingual children: The role of proficiency and the lexical similarity of the two languages. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 179, 103–125. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Puig-Mayenco, E., & Rothman, J.
(2020) Low proficiency does not mean ab initio: A methodological footnote for linguistic transfer studies. Language Acquisition, 27(2), 217–226. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Reichle, R. V., & Birdsong, D.
(2014) Processing focus structure in L1 and L2 French: L2 proficiency effects on ERPs. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 36(3), 535–564. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Robinson, M. G., & Sorace, A.
(2019) The influence of collaborative language learning on cognitive control in unbalanced multilingual migrant children. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 34(1), 255–272. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rodina, Y., & Westergaard, M.
(2017) Grammatical gender in bilingual Norwegian–Russian acquisition: The role of input and transparency. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 20(1), 197–214. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Rothman, J.
(2009) Understanding the nature and outcomes of early bilingualism: Romance languages as heritage languages. International Journal of Bilingualism, 13(2), 153–163. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Saer, D. J.
(1923) The effects of bilingualism on intelligence. British Journal of Psychology, 14, 25–38.Google Scholar
Schmid, M. S.
(2013) First language attrition. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 3(1), 94–115. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Serratrice, L.
(2013) Cross-linguistic influence in bilingual development: Determinants and mechanisms. Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism, 3(1), 3–25. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Serratrice, L., & De Cat, C.
(2020) Individual differences in the production of referential expressions: The effect of language proficiency, language exposure and executive function in bilingual and monolingual children. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 23(2), 371–386. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shannon, C. E.
(1948) A Mathematical Theory of Communication. The Bell System Technical Journal, 27(3), 371–423. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Shi, L-F.
(2011) How “proficient” is proficient? Subjective proficiency as a predictor of bilingual listeners’ recognition of English words. American Journal of Audiology, 20, 19–32. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Simonet, M.
(2014) Phonetic consequences of dynamic cross-linguistic interference in proficient bilinguals. Journal of Phonetics, 43(1), 26–37. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Simonet, M., Casillas, J., & Díaz, Y.
(2014) The effects of stress/Accent on VOT depend on language (English, Spanish), consonant (/d/, /t/) and linguistic experience (monolinguals, bilinguals). In Speech Prosody 7: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Speech Prosody: Social and Linguistic Speech Prosody (pp. 2333–3042). Trinity College. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Smith, S. A., Briggs, J. G., Pothier, H., & Garcia Jr, J. N.
(2019) ‘Mental workouts for couch potatoes’: Executive function variation among Spanish–English bilingual young adults. Applied Linguistics, 40(3), 413–431. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Solís-Barroso, C., & Stefanich, S.
(2019) Measuring language dominance in early Spanish/English Bilinguals. Languages, 4(62). DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stocco, A., & Prat, C. S.
(2014) Bilingualism trains specific brain circuits involved in flexible rule selection and application. Brain and Language, 137, 50–61. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Stoehr, A., Benders, T., Van Hell, J. G., & Fikkert, P.
(2018) Heritage language exposure impacts voice onset time of Dutch–German simultaneous bilingual preschoolers. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 21(3), 598–617. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
(2019) Bilingual preschoolers’ speech is associated with non-native maternal language input. Language Learning and Development, 15(1), 75–100. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sullivan, M. D., Prescott, Y., Goldberg, D., & Bialystok, E.
(2017) Executive control processes in verbal and nonverbal working memory. In E. Bialystok & M. D. Sullivan (Eds.), Growing old with two languages: Effects of bilingualism on cognitive aging (pp. 161–183). John Benjamins. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sulpizio, S., Del Maschio, N., Del Mauro, G., Fedeli, D., & Abutalebi, J.
(2019) Bilingualism as a gradient measure modulates functional connectivity of language and control networks. NeuroImage, 205, 116306. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Sun, H., Steinkrauss, R., Tendeiro, J., & de Bot, K.
(2016) Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China: Internal and external factors. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 19(3), 550–566. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Unsworth, S.
(2013) Assessing the role of current and cumulative exposure in simultaneous bilingual acquisition: The case of Dutch gender. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 16(1), 86–110. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Unsworth, S., Brouwer, S., de Bree, E., & Verhagen, J.
(2019) Predicting bilingual preschoolers’ patterns of language development: Degree of non-native input matters. Applied Psycholinguistics, 40(5), 1189–1219. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Unsworth, S., Chondrogianni, V., & Skarabela, B.
(2018) Experiential measures can be used as a proxy for language dominance in bilingual language acquisition research. Frontiers in Psychology, 9. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Urla, J.
(2012) Reclaiming Basque: Language, nation, and cultural activism. University of Nevada Press.Google Scholar
van den Noort, M., Struys, E., Bosch, P., Jaswetz, L., Perriard, B., Yeo, S., … Lim, S.
(2019) Does the bilingual advantage in cognitive control exist and if so, what are its modulating factors? A systematic review. Behavioral Sciences, 9(3), 27. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Vender, M., Garraffa, M., Sorace, A., & Guasti, M. T.
(2016) How early L2 children perform on Italian clinical markers of SLI: A study of clitic production and nonword repetition. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 30(2), 150–169. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Vender, M., Hu, S., Mantione, F., Delfitto, D., & Melloni, C.
(2018) The production of clitic pronouns: A study on bilingual and monolingual dyslexic children. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2301. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Verhagen, J., de Bree, E., & Unsworth, S.
(2020) Effects of bilingual language use and language proficiency on 24-month-olds’ cognitive control. Journal of Cognition and Development, 21(1), 46–71. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Veríssimo, J., Heyer, V., Jacob, G., & Clahsen, H.
(2018) Selective effects of age of acquisition on morphological priming: Evidence for a sensitive period. Language Acquisition, 25(3), 315–326. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wang, Y., Kuhl, P. K., Chen, C., & Dong, Q.
(2009) Sustained and transient language control in the bilingual brain. NeuroImage, 47(1), 414–422. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Wolleb, A., Sorace, A., & Westergaard, M.
Yamasaki, B. L., Stocco, A., & Prat, C. S.
(2018) Relating individual differences in bilingual language experiences to executive attention. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 33(9), 1128–1151. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zhang, H., Wu, Y. J., & Thierry, G.
(2020) Bilingualism and aging: A focused neuroscientific review. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 54, 100890. DOI logoGoogle Scholar
Zyzik, E., & Sanchez, R.
(2019) Beyond accuracy: Heritage speakers’ performance on two kinds of acceptability judgement tasks. Applied Psycholinguistics, 40(3), 645–671. DOI logoGoogle Scholar