Pragmatics | Quarterly Publication of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA)

Pragmatics is the peer-reviewed quarterly journal of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA), which was established in 1986 to represent the field of linguistic pragmatics, broadly conceived as the interdisciplinary (cognitive, social, cultural) science of language use. Its goal is to reflect the diversity of topics, applications, methods and approaches available within this wide field, and thus to contribute to IPrA’s foundational aim of searching for coherence across different perspectives and of bridging any gaps between the field’s practitioners, whether their background is linguistic, anthropological, sociological, psychological, computational, etc.

Pragmatics is made available online as free content after a 12-month embargo period. Members of the International Pragmatics Association (IPrA) always have access to the online version by logging in with their user name and password at the IPrA website ( When applying for or renewing their membership, IPrA members may also choose to pay the additional fee required to receive paper copies.

ISSN 1018-2101 | E-ISSN 2406-4238 | Electronic edition
Sample issue: PRAG 27:1
Helmut Gruber | University of Vienna
Associate Editors
Frank Brisard | University of Antwerp
Yoko Fujii | Japan Women's University, Tokyo
Inmaculada García Sánchez | Temple University, Philadelphia
Sophia Marmaridou | National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Rosina Márquez Reiter | University of Surrey
Catrin S. Rhys | University of Ulster at Jordanstown
Daniel Silva | Federal University of Santa Catarina - UFSC
Elda Weizman | Bar-Ilan University
Editorial Board
Jannis K. Androutsopoulos | University of Hamburg
Peter Auer | University of Freiburg
Carol Berkenkotter | University of Minnesota
Brook Bolander | University of Hong Kong
Piotr Cap | University of Lodz
Louise Cummings | Nottingham Trent University
Arnulf Deppermann | Institute for the German Language (IDS)
Martina Faller | University of Manchester
Paja Faudree | Brown University
Luisa Granato | Universidad Nacional de la Plata
Marianne Gullberg | Lund University
Britt-Louise Gunnarsson | Uppsala University
Elly Ifantidou | National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Kuniyoshi Kataoka | Aichi University
Jennifer Reynolds | University of South Carolina
Maria Sifianou | University of Athens
Inês Signorini | University of Campinas
Tanya Stivers | University of California at Los Angeles
Ken Turner | University of Brighton
Angeliki Tzanne | National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Ruth Wodak | Lancaster University & University Vienna
Francisco Yus | University of Alicante
Subscription Info
Pragmatics is made available online as free content after a 12-month embargo period.

This title is the continuation of IPrA Papers in Pragmatics

Current issue: 28:2, available as of May 2018
Next issue: 28:3, expected September 2018

General information about our electronic journals.

Subscription rates

All prices for print + online include postage/handling.

Online-only Print + online
Volume 28 (2018): 4 issues; ca. 600 pp. EUR 182.00 EUR 198.00 subscribe

Individuals may apply for a special subscription rate of EUR 85.00 (online‑only: EUR 80.00)
Private subscriptions are for personal use only, and must be pre-paid and ordered directly from the publisher.

Pragmatics is made available online as free content after a 12-month embargo period.

This title is the continuation of IPrA Papers in Pragmatics

Available back-volumes

Online-only Print + online
Complete backset
(Vols. 1‒27; 1991‒2017)
104 issues;
15,370 pp.
EUR 177.00 EUR 4,842.00
Volume 27 (2017) 4 issues; 600 pp. EUR 177.00 EUR 192.00
Volumes 1‒26 (1991‒2016) 4 issues; avg. 590 pp. On request EUR 186.00 each

Main BIC Subject

CFG: Semantics, Pragmatics, Discourse Analysis

Main BISAC Subject

LAN009000: LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General

Volume 28 (2018)

Volume 27 (2017)

Volume 26 (2016)

Volume 25 (2015)

Volume 24 (2014)

Volume 23 (2013)

Volume 22 (2012)

Volume 21 (2011)

Volume 20 (2010)

Volume 19 (2009)

Volume 18 (2008)

Volume 17 (2007)

Volume 16 (2006)

Volume 15 (2005)

Volume 14 (2004)

Volume 13 (2003)

Volume 12 (2002)

Volume 11 (2001)

Volume 10 (2000)

Volume 9 (1999)

Volume 8 (1998)

Volume 7 (1997)

Volume 6 (1996)

Volume 5 (1995)

Volume 4 (1994)

Volume 3 (1993)

Volume 2 (1992)

Volume 1 (1991)



When submitting your article, please observe the following:

Make sure that you submit the final, clean version of the manuscript (without personal comments, corrections, tracks, etc.), together with all accompanying files (figures etc., if submitted as separate files).

In addition, provide a list containing all contributors’ full names (first and last), affiliations, and addresses (both postal and e-mail). Telephone and fax numbers are optional.

Online submission:

Pragmatics only uses online submission.

File naming conventions:

When naming your files please use the following conventions: Use the first three characters of the first author’s last name, followed by the proper three- or four-character file extension. For example, if that name is Johnson, the respective document file should be named JOH.DOC or JOH.DOCX. Do not use the three- or four-character extension except for identifying the file type, as provided by the system (e.g. JOH.DOC is OK, but not JOH.ART, JOH.REV; instead use JOHART.DOC, JOHR1.DOC, etc.). Figures, tables etc. should be named using the appropriate standard extensions, e.g. JOH1.EPS, JOH2.TIF, JOH3.XLS, etc.


MS Word (PC or Mac) is our preferred submission format, although other formats are possible as well. If, for some reason, a different format is required than the one supplied, we will contact you.

Graphic files:

Please supply figures as converted to Encapsulated Postscript (EPS) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) in addition to the original creation files. (Note that the typesetters cannot make corrections or changes in figures that are supplied as graphics).


Articles should be in English. English spelling and style should be consistently either British or American throughout. If you are not a highly proficient user of English, you should have the paper checked by an English language professional or native speaker.

Contributions should be between 7,000 and 10,000 words in length, including


Please use ample margins and 1.5 line spacing. Suggested font setting for main text: Times (New) Roman 12 pts. For tables and footnotes: Times Roman 10 pts.

Do not use running heads. For articles with long titles (which in general should be avoided), a shortened version (max. 55 characters), to be used as running head, may be provided on the cover sheet of your contribution.

Avoid full justification and ‘stiff’ hyphenation. Examples, quotations, tables, headings etc. should be presented in a clear and consistent way, so that they can be identified and formatted in the style of our journal.

Whatever formatting or style conventions are employed, please be consistent.


Once your paper is accepted for publication, it is essential that the references are formatted to the specifications given in these guidelines, as these cannot be formatted automatically. This journal uses the ‘Author-Date’ style as described in The Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.).

References in the text:These should be as precise as possible, giving page references where necessary; for example “(Görlach 2003, 152-154)” or: “as in Brown et al. (1991, 252)”. All references in the text should be matched by items in the references section.

References section:References should be listed first alphabetically and then chronologically. The section should include all (and only!) references that are actually mentioned in the text.

A note on capitalization in titles.For titles in English, CMS uses headline-style capitalization. In titles and subtitles, capitalize the first and last words, and all other major words (nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, some conjunctions). Do not capitalize: articles; prepositions (unless used adverbially or adjectivally, or as part of a Latin expression used adverbially or adjectivally); the conjunctions and, but, for, or, nor; to as part of an infinitive; as in any grammatical function; parts of proper names that would be lower case in normal text; the second part of a species name. For more details and examples, consult the Chicago Manual of Style. For any other languages, and English translations of titles given in square brackets, CMS uses sentence-style capitalization: capitalization as in normal prose, i.e., the first word in the title, the subtitle, and any proper names or other words normally given initial capitals in the language in question.



Görlach, Manfred. 2003. English Words Abroad. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Spear, Norman E., and Ralph R. Miller (eds). 1981. Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Article (in book):

Adams, Clare A., and Anthony Dickinson. 1981. “Actions and Habits: Variation in Associative Representation during Instrumental Learning.” In Information Processing in Animals: Memory Mechanisms, ed. by Norman E. Spear, and Ralph R. Miller, 143–186. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Article (in journal):

Claes, Jeroen, and Luis A. Ortiz López. 2011. “Restricciones pragmáticas y sociales en la expresión de futuridad en el español de Puerto Rico [Pragmatic and social restrictions in the expression of the future in Puerto Rican Spanish].” Spanish in Context 8: 50–72.

Rayson, Paul, Geoffrey N. Leech, and Mary Hodges. 1997. “Social Differentiation in the Use of English Vocabulary: Some Analyses of the Conversational Component of the British National Corpus.” International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 2 (1): 120–132.

Tables and figures:

All tables, figures, and trees must fit within the page size as specified below:

4.5” x 7.5” (≈ 11.5 cm x 19 cm)

Please be aware that prior to typesetting, the pages will have to be reduced in size; any lettering etc. should be big enough to be legible also after reduction. Absolute lowest font size: Times Roman 8 pts).

Tables and figures should be provided on separate sheets, numbered consecutively and given appropriate captions. They should be referred to in the main text as “Table 2”, “Figure 3”, etc. (avoid expressions such as “in the following table: ...” or “See the figure below.”).

Please indicate the preferred positioning of tables and figures in the text in this way:




Preferred Table format:

Table 5. Past-inflection rates in Jamaican and Trinidadian Creoles.







Rate %



Rate %


Non-syllabic (CD)

Non-syllabic (VD)

Syllabic (ED)
























* The large number of Trinidadian tokens is due to the…etc.

Emphasis and foreign words:

Use italics for words in languages other than English as well as for emphasis.

Boldface should be used only for highlighting words within italicized stretches and for headings.

Please refrain from the use of FULL CAPS (except for focal stress and abbreviations). Using small caps is sometimes a viable option.

Do not use underlining except when conventionally required in your field of research. (It is OK to use underlining for highlighting within examples as an alternative to boldface).

Quotation and quotation marks:

For conventionally used terms or expressions (e.g., ‘context of situation’), please use single quotes; these may also be used as ‘scare quotes’ to focus attention on a particular word or expression.

For glosses, directly quoted forms and expressions, as well as in-text quotations, always use double quotation marks.

Quotations longer than three lines should be indented left and right, without quotation marks, followed by the appropriate reference to the source on a separate line (left adjusted). Such long quotations should be set off from the main text by a line of space above and below.

Sections and headings:

Articles should be conveniently divided into sections and, if necessary, subsections. If you do not use electronic styling, please mark section headings as follows:

Level 1 = bold italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Text starts immediately below.

Level 2 = italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Text starts immediately below.

Level 3ff = italics, one line space before, section number flush left. Headings end with a full stop, with the text following on the same line.

Numbering should be in Arabic numerals (no Roman numbers for footnotes either!). Do not use italics for numbering; use full stops between numbers and after the last number, thus:

Section 1. ...

Section 2.3.1. ....


Should not be indented. If numbered, please number as follows:

1. .....................

(or a. .......................)

2. .....................

(or b. .......................)

Lists that run on with the main text may be numbered using parentheses:

(1).............., (2)............., etc.

Examples and glosses:

Examples should be numbered with Arabic numerals in parentheses, thus: (1) ...; (2) ...; etc.

Examples in languages other than English should be in italics; an approximate translation should be provided. Between the original and the translation lines, a line with glosses or a morphemic breakdown may be added. For the abbreviations in the interlinear gloss, CAPS may be used; these will be converted to small caps by our typesetters in the final formatting. E.g.

            (3)        a.         Ed en   Floor   gaan samen-wonen.
                                    Ed and Floor   go      together-live.INF
                                    ‘Ed and Floor are going to live together.’

                        b.         Maarten en   Stefanie zijn uit elkaar.
Maarten and Stefanie BE  out RECP
                                    ‘Maarten and Stefanie have split up.’

For glossing (where applicable), use the Leipzig Glossing Rules (


Notes should be kept to a minimum. Note indicators in the text should appear in superscript at the end of sentences or phrases, and follow the respective punctuation marks. They should be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript, with Arabic numerals.


Appendices should follow the References.

Author’s corrections

The (first) author will receive first proofs of an accepted article for correction and will be requested to return corrections to the Editor-in-chief. The editor will receive one full set of the first proofs of each journal issue and after corrections another set of second proofs for final checking.

With the proofs you will receive instructions on how to mark corrections and when to return them.

Please limit corrections to the essential. It is at the publisher’s discretion not to implement substantial changes or to charge the author.


Pragmatics and Society offers online submission.

Before submitting, please consult the guidelines and the Short Guide to EM for Authors.

If you are not able to submit online, or for any other editorial correspondence, please contact the editor via e-mail: